THE EFFECT OF CARD READERS ON ELECTION CREDIBILITY IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF 2015 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS)

Atim Nongo 76 PAGES (15107 WORDS) Project
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Abstract

The study examined the effect of card reader on election credibility in Nigeria. Card reader was the most highly contentious and the real issue in the 2015 general elections in Nigeria. This project work has groups into five chapters. Chapter one deals with the background to the study; statement of the problem; (which the researcher discussed brief about the 2015 presidential election as the closest electoral contest since the country’s post – 999 transition to multi-party democracy), objectives of the study, research questions; hypothesis; significance of the study; scope and limitation of the study. Chapter two which is the review of related literature deals with the introduction, theoretical framework and a summary of the chapter. Chapter three deals with the research methodology. Chapter four concerns with the data analysis, presentation and interpretation. A summary of the entire work is presented in chapter five with conclusion and recommendations based on the findings of this research work.

Keywords:  Election, Credibility, Presidential, Democracy.  

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page - - - - - - - - - - - i

Approval page - - - - - - - - - ii

Dedication - - - - - - - - - - iii

Acknowledgement - - - - - - - - - iv

Abstract - - - - - - - - - - - vi

Table of contents - - - - - - - - - vii

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the study - - - - - - - 1

1.2 Statement of the problem - - - - - - - - 5

1.3 Objectives of the study - - - - - - - - 5

1.4 Research Questions - - - - - - - - 6

1.5 Hypotheses - - - - - - - - - 6

1.6 Significance of the study - - - - - - - - 6

1.7 Scope and Limitation of the Study- - - - - - 6

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 Introduction - - - - - - - - - 8

2.2 Theoretical Framework - - - - - - - 8

2.3 The Concept of Elections and Elections Credibility - - - 10

2.4 Selected  Issues in the 2015 General Elections in Nigeria - - 14

2.4.1 Security Threats and Election Postponement - - - - 15

2.4.2 Expiration of Tenure - - - - - - - 21

2.5 Card Reader: The Real Issue in the 2015b General Elections - 23

2.6 The Challenges of Card Reader in the 2015 General Election in Nigeria 34

2.7 Effect of the Card Reader on the 2015 General Elections in Nigeria 38

2.8 Card Reader  and Future Elections in Nigeria: The  way forward - 39

2.9 summary of Chapter - - - - - - - - 42

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.0 Introduction - - - - - - - - - - 43

3.1 Research Design - - - - - - - - 43

3.2 Population of the study - - - - - - - - 43

3.3 Sample Size and Sampling Technique - - - - - 44

3.4 Research Instrumentation: Questionnaire/In-dept Interview - 44

3.5 Validity and Reliability of instrument - - - - - 45

3.6 Source of data collection - - - - - - - - 45

3.7 Techniques  of data analysis - - - - - - 45

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS, PRESENTATION AND INTERPRETATION 

4.1 Introduction - - - - - - - - - 48

4.2 Data Presentation and Analysis - - - - - - 48


CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION, RECOMMENDATION, SUGGESTION FOR FUTURE STUDY.

5.1 Summary  - - - - - - - - - 58

5.2 Conclusion - - - - - - - - - - 60

5.3 Recommendation - - - - - - - - - 60

References - - - - - - - - - - 63

Appendix ‘A’ - - - - - - - - - 68

Appendix ‘B’ - - - - - - - - - 69

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APA

Atim, N (2018). THE EFFECT OF CARD READERS ON ELECTION CREDIBILITY IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF 2015 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS). Afribary.com: Retrieved April 23, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/the-effect-of-card-readers-on-election-credibility-in-nigeria-a-case-study-of-2015-presidential-elections

MLA 8th

Nongo, Atim. "THE EFFECT OF CARD READERS ON ELECTION CREDIBILITY IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF 2015 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS)" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 20 Dec. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/the-effect-of-card-readers-on-election-credibility-in-nigeria-a-case-study-of-2015-presidential-elections . Accessed 23 Apr. 2021.

MLA7

Nongo, Atim. "THE EFFECT OF CARD READERS ON ELECTION CREDIBILITY IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF 2015 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS)". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 20 Dec. 2018. Web. 23 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/the-effect-of-card-readers-on-election-credibility-in-nigeria-a-case-study-of-2015-presidential-elections >.

Chicago

Nongo, Atim. "THE EFFECT OF CARD READERS ON ELECTION CREDIBILITY IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF 2015 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS)" Afribary.com (2018). Accessed April 23, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/the-effect-of-card-readers-on-election-credibility-in-nigeria-a-case-study-of-2015-presidential-elections