This study focused on a number of aspects concerning the effect of the
resettlement of the Bakiga on the socio-economic and political issues
with specific reference to Kagadi sub-county, Kibaale District.
Kibaale district is a multi-ethnic community drawing from the Banyoro,
Bakonjo, Baganda, Bamba, Bafumbira, Bakiga, Batooro, Banyarwanda
and other ethnic groups which have lived in harmony and have become
relatives through marriages, trade and brotherhood. Although waves of
conflicts surfaced during the Nyangire revolt of 1918 and the Mubende
Banyoro committee immediately before the 1964 referendum, these were
either sustained nor did they follow the specific pattern as it was the case
during and after 2002 elections of the district chair person.
Prominent and sustained ethnic conflict was sparked off by the elections
of the district chairperson in Kibaale district in 2002.
During the 2002 local council elections, especially the elections of the
district chairperson, the voting behavior was based on ethnic alliances.
Based on the game of the numbers, the 'Bafuruki' (alliance of settler
ethnic groups) successfully fueled Mr. Rulemera against Mr. Ssekitooleko
Ssali representing the Mubende- Banyoro community (alliance of the
indigenous communities). The results of elections fueled further ethnic
violence which made it practically impossible for the chairman elect to
govern the district.
The cease fire was brokered by H.E the President of the Republic of
Uganda. A compromise chairperson was selected through a series of
dialogue meetings of the two alliances. Finally the chairperson elect was
sworn in office and resigned on the same day to pave way for fresh
elections of the compromise chairperson.
The study employed the use of probability and non probability sampling
techniques where a total of 36 respondents were purposively sampled
because either of their leadership positions or their experiences in
relation to citizenship and Kibaale conflict.
According to the nature of the problem that was under investigation, the
study was largely designed to-'be a qualitative one for the creation of
room for probing and exploration.
Data was obtained by the use of questionnaires, interviews and focus
group discussion methods. After which it was edited coded and analysed
by the use of table drawings which put respondents in percentages and
literature interpretation followed subsequently.
The study observed that as Uganda strives to put in place national
programmes to propel its development into the future, there is a major
setback whereby the citizens in certain communities do not view
themselves first as Ugandans, instead they see themselves as members
of certain tribes and often directly conflict with other tribes who live with
them. Consequently, it becomes difficult to mobilize people towards
national development programmes like education, health and
infrastructural development. Some are taken up by tribal conflicts and
they are diverted from development causes.
In conclusion, the settlers have to assimilate themselves into the local
culture settings in terms of learning Runyoro and their culture instead of
trying to impose their own culture on the Banyoro which makes the
Banyoro feel underrated.
MATHIAS, S (2021). The Effects Of Resettlement Of Bakiga In Kibaale District: A Case Study Of Kagadi Sub County Kibaale District. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/the-effects-of-resettlement-of-bakiga-in-kibaale-district-a-case-study-of-kagadi-sub-county-kibaale-district
MATHIAS, SEWANTE "The Effects Of Resettlement Of Bakiga In Kibaale District: A Case Study Of Kagadi Sub County Kibaale District" Afribary. Afribary, 11 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/the-effects-of-resettlement-of-bakiga-in-kibaale-district-a-case-study-of-kagadi-sub-county-kibaale-district. Accessed 25 Jul. 2021.
MATHIAS, SEWANTE . "The Effects Of Resettlement Of Bakiga In Kibaale District: A Case Study Of Kagadi Sub County Kibaale District". Afribary, Afribary, 11 Jun. 2021. Web. 25 Jul. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/the-effects-of-resettlement-of-bakiga-in-kibaale-district-a-case-study-of-kagadi-sub-county-kibaale-district >.
MATHIAS, SEWANTE . "The Effects Of Resettlement Of Bakiga In Kibaale District: A Case Study Of Kagadi Sub County Kibaale District" Afribary (2021). Accessed July 25, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/the-effects-of-resettlement-of-bakiga-in-kibaale-district-a-case-study-of-kagadi-sub-county-kibaale-district