THE IMPACT OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

INTRODUCTION
1.1BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
         Investment according to Bierman et al (1975) is the commitment of funds in any real property financial assets with the primary objective of obtaining an income over time. It is a commitment of resources made in anticipation of realizing benefits that are anticipated to accrue to the investor over a reasonable long period in the future. By its very nature, an investment decision is essentially an irreversible commitment and it cannot be altered without some costs or loss. 
Another feature is that the commitment is made in the anticipation of obtaining generally uncertain future benefits that are subject to significant element of risks and uncertainties.  Yet another characteristic is that the effect of decision extends beyond the current account period, at times, it stretches into the distant future.
Van Horne (1968) observes that investment adds to the firm’s capital stock and thereby broaden the base on which benefits (profit) will be earned. Thus, the investment decisions influence the total amount of assets held by the firm, the composition of these assets and the business risk complexion of the firm.
Investment could be real physical assets or financial assets transactions. The former involves the acquisition of producer goods or equipment that will assist in the production of future consumable goods. On the other hand, financial transactions comprise loans of money and similar transactions. Investment involves additions to real or financial assets.
There is a basic difference between gross, replacement and net investment. Gross or total investment represents the outlay necessary for maintaining the present level and efficiency of capital items. Examples are provisions for wear and tear of existing assets or replacement or purchase of additional securities to maintain the market value of a firm. 
Okafor (1983), asserts that net investment is the difference between gross and replacement of investment.              
Nwadikom (1985), observes that foreign investment is a type of investment whether in real or financial assets across the national boundaries of the investor, with the principal objectives of maximizing the objective function of the investor. Foreign Investment may be undertaking by individuals, firms and the governments. Fundamentally, foreign investments fall into two broad distinctive categories portfolio and direct investment. 
Direct investment implies an investment in a foreign country where the investor retains control over the investment. It typically takes the form of a foreign firm floating a subsidiary firm or taking over control of an existing firm in the country in question. 
Direct investments have always attracted a great deal of attention and have given rise to heated controversies, some economists saw it as a natural consequences of maturing capitalism. 
Chikelezie (1988: 8) observes that in recent years, direct investment have attracted renewed interest in both developed and developing nations. 
Foreign direct investment is perceived as a way of filling gaps between the domestically available supplies of savings (domestic investors), Foreign exchange, government revenues, skills and planned level of these resources necessary to achieve economic development. 
Todaro (1977) noted that few developments have of played a critical role in the extra – ordinary growth of international trade and capital flow during the past two decades as the rise of the multinational corporations (MNCs). These huge business firms with their far reaching network of subsidiaries in dozens of world countries all match to the drum of centralized global output maximization and decisions of parent companies located in North America, Europe and Japan. However, they present unique opportunities and a host of critical problems for these many less developed nations in which they conduct their business. Direct foreign investment involves much more than the simple transfer of capital or the establishment of a local factory in the third world nations. MNCs carry with them technologies of production, tastes, and styles of living, managerial services, diverse business practices, including cooperative arrangement, market restriction, advertising and the phenomenon of pricing. Unlike certain types of foreign aids, the purpose of the MNCs activities is fair from charitable. In many instances, they have little to do with the development aspirations of the countries in which they operate. 
Few areas in the economics of development arouse so much controversy and are subject to such varying degree of interpretations, as the questions of the benefits and costs of private foreign investment in the economies of the third-world nations.
The controversy about the role and impact of foreign private investment in developing economies often has its underlying fundamental disagreement about the nature, style and character of a desirable development process.                      
The real debate ultimately lies on different ideological and value judgment about the nature and meaning of economic development and the principal sources from which it springs. 
The advocates of foreign private investment tend to be free market, private enterprises and laissez-fare doctrinalists, who firmly believe in the efficiency of the free market mechanism, where this is defined as a hand-off policy by the host government. The actual operations of MNCs tend to be monopolistic and oligopolistic in nature and practice. Price settings are achieved more through international bargaining and collusion than as natural outgrowth of free market supply and demand. 
Those who argue against the activities of MNCs, are often motivated more by a sense of the importance of natural control over domestic economic activities and minimization of dominance/ dependence relationship between powerful MNCs and third-world governments. 
They see giant corporations not as need agents of economic change but more as vehicle of anti – development. 
MNCs, they argue, reinforce dualistic economic structures and propagate domestic inequalities with wrong products and inappropriate technologies. Some opponents therefore call for outright confiscation (without compensation) of foreign owned enterprises. Others advocate a more stringent regulation of foreign investment. 
On the other hand, a strengthening of the relative bargaining powers of host country government through their coordinated activities while reducing the overall magnitude and growth of private foreign investments in the third world, may make the investment better suited to the real long-run development needs and priorities of poor nations. The net social benefit of this trade – off between quantity and relevance is likely to have a positive impact on national development. 


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page --------i
Certification/Approval page -----ii
Dedication --------iii
Acknowledgement ------iv
Table of Contents------v
Proposal--------viii

CHAPTER ONE 
Introduction ------1
1.1Background of the study ----1
1.2Statement of the problem ----8
1.3Objectives of the study ----9
1.4Research questions -----10
1.5Research hypothesis -----11
1.6Significance of the study ----11
1.7Limitations of the study ----12

CHAPTER TWO 
Literature Review -----15
2.1Concept of foreign investment ---15
2.2Foreign direct investment ----16
2.3The role of foreign private investment in economic
growth and development of Nigeria   --21
2.4The Nigerian enterprise promotion decrees it 
affects foreign private investment in Nigeria -29
2.5The role of industrial developing co-ordinating 
committee (IDCC) on foreign private direct 
investment in Nigeria -----32
2.6Regulations affecting repatriation of capital 
profit and dividend for foreign investors under 
SFEM/SAP period -----35
2.7Structural adjustment programme era on 
foreign private investment in Nigeria  --38

2.8Major problems facing foreign private investment
in the Nigeria economy ----45
2.9Incentives provided by the Nigerian Government 
to attract inflows of foreign private investment 
into the Nigerian economy -----57
2.10Future prospects for foreign private investment 
in Nigeria  -------64

CHAPTER THREE   
Research Design and Methodology--69
3.1Research Design -----69
3.2Sources of Data, Primary and Secondary -70
3.3Data collection instrument ----71
3.4Sample size ------71
3.5Analytical technique -----72


CHAPTER FOUR 
4.1Data Presentation and Analysis ---77

CHAPTER FIVE 
Summary of Findings, Recommendation and Conclusion  -  84
5.1Summary of findings, -----84
5.2Recommendation -----86
5.3Conclusion ------90
Bibliography ------92

of all. 

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APA

Kings, S. (2018). THE IMPACT OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/the-impact-of-foreign-direct-investment-on-economic-development-in-nigeria-7199

MLA 8th

Kings, Solomon "THE IMPACT OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA" Afribary. Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/the-impact-of-foreign-direct-investment-on-economic-development-in-nigeria-7199. Accessed 22 May. 2024.

MLA7

Kings, Solomon . "THE IMPACT OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA". Afribary, Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018. Web. 22 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/the-impact-of-foreign-direct-investment-on-economic-development-in-nigeria-7199 >.

Chicago

Kings, Solomon . "THE IMPACT OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA" Afribary (2018). Accessed May 22, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/the-impact-of-foreign-direct-investment-on-economic-development-in-nigeria-7199

Document Details
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