The Impact Of Immunity On African Heads Of States On The Protection Of Human Rights In International Law. Analysis Based On An African Perspective..

SSA Research SERINA-GANDI TANATSIWA MUTUMBWA 44 PAGES (11050 WORDS) Dissertation
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Contents

DECLARATION ................................................................................................................................................ i

APPROVAL FORM .......................................................................................................................................... ii

DEDICATION ................................................................................................................................................. iii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ................................................................................................................................ iv

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS ............................................................................................................................. vii

CHAPTER 1 .................................................................................................................................................... 1

1.1 INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................... 1

1.2 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY............................................................................................................. 1

1.3 PROBLEM STATEMENT ..................................................................................................................... 2

1.4 OBJECTIVES ................................................................................................................................... 2

1.5 LITERATURE REVIEW ........................................................................................................................... 3

1.6 METHODOLOGY .................................................................................................................................. 5

1.7 CHAPTER SYNOPSIS ............................................................................................................................. 5

CHAPTER 2 .................................................................................................................................................... 7

HISTORICAL ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF HEAD OF STATES IMMUNITY .............................................. 7

2.1 INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................... 7

2.2 SOVEREIGN IMMUNITY AND HEAD OF STATE IMMUNITY .................................................................. 7

2.2.1 LEGAL BASIS OF HEAD OF STATE IMMUNITY ............................................................................... 8

2.3 APPLICABILITY OF HEAD OF STATE IMMUNITY ................................................................................... 9

2.3.1 RATIONE PERSONAE (PERSONAL IMMUNITY) ........................................................................... 10

2.3.2 LIMITATIONS TO PERSONAL IMMUNITY .................................................................................... 10

2.3.3 SERVING HEAD OF STATE ........................................................................................................... 10

2.3.4 IMMUNITY RATIONE MATERIAE (FUNCTIONAL IMMUNITY) ..................................................... 11

2.3.5 OFFICIAL ACTS COVERED............................................................................................................ 12

2.3.6 FORMER HEAD OF STATE ........................................................................................................... 12

2.4 APPLICABILITY IN AFRICA .................................................................................................................. 13

2.5 CONCLUSION ..................................................................................................................................... 14

CHAPTER 3 .................................................................................................................................................. 15

HUMAN RIGHTS VS IMMUNITY................................................................................................................... 15

3.1 INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................. 15

3.2 INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS ..................................................................................................... 15

3.3 LEGAL FRAMEWORK ......................................................................................................................... 15

vi

3.5 IMPACT OF HUMAN RIGHTS WITHIN THE OVERALL IMPERATIVE OF INTERNATIONAL LAW ........... 16

3.6 OBLIGATIONS UNDER INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS ................................................................. 17

3.7 HUMAN RIGHTS AND STATE SOVEREIGNTY ...................................................................................... 18

3.7.1 ACCOUNTABILITY AND IMMUNITY ............................................................................................ 18

3.7.2 DUTY TO PROSECUTE HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS ................................................................. 19

3.8 STATE SOVEREIGNITY AND HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN AFRICA ............................................... 19

3.9 CONCLUSION ..................................................................................................................................... 20

CHAPTER 4 .................................................................................................................................................. 21

A CASE STUDY OF AFRICAN IMMUNITY AND HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS. ............................................. 21

4.1 INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................. 21

4.2 DARFUR SUDAN CIVIL WARS ............................................................................................................. 21

4.3 KENYA ................................................................................................................................................ 23

4.4 OVERWIEW OF THE CASES ................................................................................................................ 26

4.5 CONCLUSION ..................................................................................................................................... 27

CHAPTER 5 .................................................................................................................................................. 28

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ................................................................................................. 28

5.1 CONCLUSIONS ................................................................................................................................... 28

5.2 RECCOMENDATIONS ......................................................................................................................... 29

BIBLIOGRAPHY ...............................................................................................................................

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APA

SSA, R (2021). The Impact Of Immunity On African Heads Of States On The Protection Of Human Rights In International Law. Analysis Based On An African Perspective... Afribary.com: Retrieved May 08, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/the-impact-of-immunity-on-african-heads-of-states-on-the-protection-of-human-rights-in-international-law-analysis-based-on-an-african-persprective

MLA 8th

Research, SSA. "The Impact Of Immunity On African Heads Of States On The Protection Of Human Rights In International Law. Analysis Based On An African Perspective.." Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 01 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/the-impact-of-immunity-on-african-heads-of-states-on-the-protection-of-human-rights-in-international-law-analysis-based-on-an-african-persprective . Accessed 08 May. 2021.

MLA7

Research, SSA. "The Impact Of Immunity On African Heads Of States On The Protection Of Human Rights In International Law. Analysis Based On An African Perspective..". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 01 May. 2021. Web. 08 May. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/the-impact-of-immunity-on-african-heads-of-states-on-the-protection-of-human-rights-in-international-law-analysis-based-on-an-african-persprective >.

Chicago

Research, SSA. "The Impact Of Immunity On African Heads Of States On The Protection Of Human Rights In International Law. Analysis Based On An African Perspective.." Afribary.com (2021). Accessed May 08, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/the-impact-of-immunity-on-african-heads-of-states-on-the-protection-of-human-rights-in-international-law-analysis-based-on-an-african-persprective