The research focused into the impact of Information and Communication Technology
(ICT) based technologies in the teaching and learning at Early Childhood Education
(ECE) level settings in the context of the new curriculum in Bulawayo Urban schools.
The study was conducted at Riverside Stimulation Centre in Imbizo District in Bulawayo
Metropolitan Province. Ten ECE teachers formed the sample. Questionnaires were
used to gather information from teachers. Focus groups interviews were used to gather
information from ECE parents and guardians. Prior to the new curriculum teaching
learners ICT at Early Childhood Education level using their own knowledge without the
guidance of policy and structured syllabi. Therefore learners have been vulnerable to a
number of risks depending on strength or weaknesses and competency of the ICT
teacher. Risks were categorised as physical, social and psychological, affecting the
ECE learner. However, the reviewed curriculum with reference to ECE has addressed
topical issues via cross-cutting themes such as; Collaboration, HIV &AIDS, Heritage
Studies, Human Rights, Child Protection, Gender, Environmental Issues and Disaster
The researcher has noted that parents and school administration have not appreciated
ICT because they feel it is not an examinable subject as well as the cost of acquiring of
ICT devices to facilitate the learning course of ECE learners. On the contrary the ECE
learners have received ICT education positively with excitement because it brings new
learning dimensions- multi-media experiences; touch, feel, see, these stimulated at one
go ( up- to- date visual, audio, and text- based data which is current) as opposed to
traditional teaching and learning methods (textbooks that are outdated).
The researcher also noted that there is apathy in parents in the ECE activities which
greatly affected progress of skills acquisition. There should be a positive relationship
between parents, administration and teachers so that parents appreciate the value of
ICT competency. Parents play a critical role in developing school interests by their
children, that is, a good parent – child relationship yield positively as the child will have
interest in his/ her school.
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The researcher noted that the private sector has a tendency of investing at higher levels
of education, that is, tertiary and polytechnic settings and ignores totally the lower levels
like ECE. As a result the researcher recommends the private sector to plough back/
invest in the education of ICT skills at grass root levels like ECE levels.
The researcher recommends the Ministry of Primary and Secondary Education to
prioritise giving the necessary and up-to-date skills in ICT teaching and learning. Also
MoPSE should play a major role in facilitating schools in acquiring low cost ICT tools
such as computers, laptops, tablets, multi-media devices (speakers, cameras) and
access to affordable internet.
SSA, R (2021). THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) BASED TECHNOLOGIES IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING AT EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION LEVEL AT RIVERSIDE STIMULATION CENTRE IN IMBIZO DISTR. Afribary.com: Retrieved May 08, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/the-impact-of-information-and-communication-technology-ict-based-technologies-in-the-teaching-and-learning-at-early-childhood-education-level-at-riverside-stimulation-centre-in-imbizo-distric
Research, SSA. "THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) BASED TECHNOLOGIES IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING AT EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION LEVEL AT RIVERSIDE STIMULATION CENTRE IN IMBIZO DISTR" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 04 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/the-impact-of-information-and-communication-technology-ict-based-technologies-in-the-teaching-and-learning-at-early-childhood-education-level-at-riverside-stimulation-centre-in-imbizo-distric . Accessed 08 May. 2021.
Research, SSA. "THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) BASED TECHNOLOGIES IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING AT EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION LEVEL AT RIVERSIDE STIMULATION CENTRE IN IMBIZO DISTR". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 04 May. 2021. Web. 08 May. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/the-impact-of-information-and-communication-technology-ict-based-technologies-in-the-teaching-and-learning-at-early-childhood-education-level-at-riverside-stimulation-centre-in-imbizo-distric >.
Research, SSA. "THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) BASED TECHNOLOGIES IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING AT EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION LEVEL AT RIVERSIDE STIMULATION CENTRE IN IMBIZO DISTR" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed May 08, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/the-impact-of-information-and-communication-technology-ict-based-technologies-in-the-teaching-and-learning-at-early-childhood-education-level-at-riverside-stimulation-centre-in-imbizo-distric