THE IMPACT OF MONETARY POLICY MEASURES AS AN INSTRUMENT OF ECONOMIC STABILIZATION IN NIGERIA 1980 - 2010

Okwunna Ndudi 82 PAGES (12440 WORDS) Project
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ABSTRACT 

The study examined the impact of monetary policy in stabilizing the Nigeria 

economy. In the model specified inflation is the regress while cash research 

requirement, liquidity ratio, money supply, minimum rediscount rate, interest rate 

are the regressors. The government employs a deliberate manipulation of cost and 

availability of credit and money to achieve this economic objective. The CBN 

being the sole regulatory body combines measures designed to regulate the value, 

supply and cost of money into economic activities. This is what we call monetary 

policy (CBN Brief 1996/03). It is against this background that the research is 

carried out to ascertain the effect in the use of monetary policies such as money 

supply, interest rate, liquidity ratio, minimum rediscount rate, inflation rate and 

cash reserve requirement to stabilize the Nigeria economy. Also to determine the 

relationship that exists between the independent variables and dependent variable 

from the secondary data for the period under study (1980 - 2010). The statistical 

technique that will be used for this analysis is the ordinary least square technique, 

with the aid of PC five 8.00 software package. It has been identified that the major 

problem militating against the poor performance of monetary policy instruments in 

stabilizing the economic in Nigeria is time – lags which involves policy employed 

to take many months to achieve its full effects. This research recommends that 

there should be a reduction in the cost of production and increase the exportation in 

order to achieve the objectives of naira devaluation in Nigeria and also, central 

banks should be independent and should be able to achieve its inflation targets and 

the stabilization of growth rate in money supply. 


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Title page  - - - - - - - - - - i 

Certification page   - - - - - - - - ii 

Dedication  - - - - - - - - - - iii 

Acknowledgement  - - - - - - - - iv 

Abstract  - - - - - - - - - - v 

Table of contents - - - - - - - - - vi 

 

CHAPTER ONE  

1.1 Background of the study   - - - - - - 1 

1.2 Statement of problem   - - - - - - 3 

1.3 Statement of objectives   - - - - - - 3 

1.4 Statement of hypothesis   - - - - - - 4 

1.5 Significance of the study   - - - - - - 5 

1.6 Scope and limitation of the study  - - - - - 5 

1.7 Definition of terms  - - - - - - - 6 

 

 


 

CHAPTER TWO 

2.0 Literature Review  - - - - - - - 7 

2.1.0 Theoretical literature - - - - - - - 7 

2.1.1 The Keynesian view on monetary policy  - - - - 9 

2.1.2 The classical view on monetary  - - - - - 14 

2.1.3 The monetarist view of monetary policy  - - - - 16 

2.2.0 Meaning, instruments and objectives of monetary policy  - - 21 

2.2.1 Instruments of monetary policy   - - - - - 25 

2.2.2 Open market operation (OMO)  - - - - - 25 

2.2.3 Reserve requirement ration  - - - - - - 26 

2.2.4 Discount rate  - - - - - - - - 27 

2.2.5 Selective credit controls   - - - - - - 28 

2.2.6 Moral suasion  - - - - - - - - 28 

2.3.0 Objectives of monetary policy  - - - - - - 29 

2.4.0 Monetary policy indicators  - - - - - - 30 

2.5.0 Monetary policy targets and implication to the Nigerian Economy- 31 

2.6.0 Factors that have militated against the impact of monetary policy  

in Nigeria    - - - - - - - - -32 


 

2.6.1 Instability of the financial sector  - - - - - 32 

2.6.2 Poor state of Economic infrastructure   - - - - 33 

2.6.3 Non-Harmonization of monetary and fiscal policy  - - - 33 

2.6.4 Increase in government expenditure  - - - - 33 

2.6.5 Equate rate bank   - - - - - - - 34 

2.7.0 The impact of monetary policy during the depression Era  

of structural adjustment programme (SAP)  - - - 34 

2.8.0 Debt management as an integrated part of monetary policy  - 36 

2.9.0 The impact of monetary policy on the economy  - - - 38 

2.10.0  Economic stabilization  - - - - - - 38 

2.11.0  Empirical literature review  - - - - - - 40 

      

CHAPTER THREE 

3.0 Methodology - - - - - - - - 46 

3.1 Theoretical framework  - - - - - - - 47 

3.2 Estimation procedure  - - - - - - - 48 

3.3 Model specification  - - - - - - - 49 

3.4 Method of evaluation  - - - - - - - 51 


 

3.5 Data required and sources  - - - - - - 53 

3.6 Decision rule  - - - - - - - -  53 

 

CHAPTER FOUR 

4.0 Presentation of analysis of result - - - - -  55 

4.1 Presentation of regression result  - - - - - 55 

4.2 Result interpretation  - - - - - - - 56 

4.2.1 Evaluation based on Economic criteria  - - - - 56 

4.2.2 Statistical test (first order test)  - - - - - 57 

4.2.3 Econometrics test (second order test) - - - - - 61 

 

CHAPTER FIVE 

5.0 Summary, Recommendations and Conclusion - - - 68 

5.1 Summary of findings  - - - - - - - 68 

5.2 Recommendations   - - - - - - - 69 

5.3 Conclusion   - - - - - - - -  70 

BILBIOGRAPHY  - - - - - - - - 72 

APPENDIX 

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APA

Okwunna, N (2020). THE IMPACT OF MONETARY POLICY MEASURES AS AN INSTRUMENT OF ECONOMIC STABILIZATION IN NIGERIA 1980 - 2010. Afribary.com: Retrieved November 29, 2020, from https://afribary.com/works/the-impact-of-monetary-policy-measures-as-an-instrument-of-economic-stabilization-in-nigeria-1980-2010

MLA 8th

Ndudi, Okwunna. "THE IMPACT OF MONETARY POLICY MEASURES AS AN INSTRUMENT OF ECONOMIC STABILIZATION IN NIGERIA 1980 - 2010" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 15 Jun. 2020, https://afribary.com/works/the-impact-of-monetary-policy-measures-as-an-instrument-of-economic-stabilization-in-nigeria-1980-2010 . Accessed 29 Nov. 2020.

MLA7

Ndudi, Okwunna. "THE IMPACT OF MONETARY POLICY MEASURES AS AN INSTRUMENT OF ECONOMIC STABILIZATION IN NIGERIA 1980 - 2010". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 15 Jun. 2020. Web. 29 Nov. 2020. < https://afribary.com/works/the-impact-of-monetary-policy-measures-as-an-instrument-of-economic-stabilization-in-nigeria-1980-2010 >.

Chicago

Ndudi, Okwunna. "THE IMPACT OF MONETARY POLICY MEASURES AS AN INSTRUMENT OF ECONOMIC STABILIZATION IN NIGERIA 1980 - 2010" Afribary.com (2020). Accessed November 29, 2020. https://afribary.com/works/the-impact-of-monetary-policy-measures-as-an-instrument-of-economic-stabilization-in-nigeria-1980-2010