THE IMPACT OF NON-OIL EXPORT ON ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA (1986-2010)

Okwunna Ndudi 71 PAGES (9564 WORDS) Project
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ABSTRACT

The study examined the impact of monetary policy in stabilizing the Nigeria

economy. In the model specified inflation is the regress while cash research

requirement, liquidity ratio, money supply, minimum rediscount rate, interest rate

are the regressors. The government employs a deliberate manipulation of cost and

availability of credit and money to achieve this economic objective. The CBN

being the sole regulatory body combines measures designed to regulate the value,

supply and cost of money into economic activities. This is what we call monetary

policy (CBN Brief 1996/03). It is against this background that the research is

carried out to ascertain the effect in the use of monetary policies such as money

supply, interest rate, liquidity ratio, minimum rediscount rate, inflation rate and

cash reserve requirement to stabilize the Nigeria economy. Also to determine the

relationship that exists between the independent variables and dependent variable

from the secondary data for the period under study (1980 - 2010). The statistical

technique that will be used for this analysis is the ordinary least square technique,

with the aid of PC five 8.00 software package. It has been identified that the major

problem militating against the poor performance of monetary policy instruments in

stabilizing the economic in Nigeria is time – lags which involves policy employed

to take many months to achieve its full effects. This research recommends that

there should be a reduction in the cost of production and increase the exportation in

order to achieve the objectives of naira devaluation in Nigeria and also, central

banks should be independent and should be able to achieve its inflation targets and

the stabilization of growth rate in money supply.



TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page - - - - - - - - - - i

Certification page - - - - - - - - ii

Dedication - - - - - - - - - - iii

Acknowledgement - - - - - - - - iv

Abstract - - - - - - - - - - v

Table of contents - - - - - - - - - vi

CHAPTER ONE

1.1 Background of the study - - - - - - 1

1.2 Statement of problem - - - - - - 3

1.3 Statement of objectives - - - - - - 3

1.4 Statement of hypothesis - - - - - - 4

1.5 Significance of the study - - - - - - 5

1.6 Scope and limitation of the study - - - - - 5

1.7 Definition of terms - - - - - - - 67

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Literature Review - - - - - - - 7

2.1.0 Theoretical literature - - - - - - - 7

2.1.1 The Keynesian view on monetary policy - - - - 9

2.1.2 The classical view on monetary - - - - - 14

2.1.3 The monetarist view of monetary policy - - - - 16

2.2.0 Meaning, instruments and objectives of monetary policy - - 21

2.2.1 Instruments of monetary policy - - - - - 25

2.2.2 Open market operation (OMO) - - - - - 25

2.2.3 Reserve requirement ration - - - - - - 26

2.2.4 Discount rate - - - - - - - - 27

2.2.5 Selective credit controls - - - - - - 28

2.2.6 Moral suasion - - - - - - - - 28

2.3.0 Objectives of monetary policy - - - - - - 29

2.4.0 Monetary policy indicators - - - - - - 30

2.5.0 Monetary policy targets and implication to the Nigerian Economy- 31

2.6.0 Factors that have militated against the impact of monetary policy

in Nigeria - - - - - - - - -328

2.6.1 Instability of the financial sector - - - - - 32

2.6.2 Poor state of Economic infrastructure - - - - 33

2.6.3 Non-Harmonization of monetary and fiscal policy - - - 33

2.6.4 Increase in government expenditure - - - - 33

2.6.5 Equate rate bank - - - - - - - 34

2.7.0 The impact of monetary policy during the depression Era

of structural adjustment programme (SAP) - - - 34

2.8.0 Debt management as an integrated part of monetary policy - 36

2.9.0 The impact of monetary policy on the economy - - - 38

2.10.0 Economic stabilization - - - - - - 38

2.11.0 Empirical literature review - - - - - - 40

CHAPTER THREE

3.0 Methodology - - - - - - - - 46

3.1 Theoretical framework - - - - - - - 47

3.2 Estimation procedure - - - - - - - 48

3.3 Model specification - - - - - - - 49

3.4 Method of evaluation - - - - - - - 519

3.5 Data required and sources - - - - - - 53

3.6 Decision rule - - - - - - - - 53

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0 Presentation of analysis of result - - - - - 55

4.1 Presentation of regression result - - - - - 55

4.2 Result interpretation - - - - - - - 56

4.2.1 Evaluation based on Economic criteria - - - - 56

4.2.2 Statistical test (first order test) - - - - - 57

4.2.3 Econometrics test (second order test) - - - - - 61

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0 Summary, Recommendations and Conclusion - - - 68

5.1 Summary of findings - - - - - - - 68

5.2 Recommendations - - - - - - - 69

5.3 Conclusion - - - - - - - - 70

BILBIOGRAPHY - - - - - - - - 72

APPENDIX

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APA

Okwunna, N (2020). THE IMPACT OF NON-OIL EXPORT ON ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA (1986-2010). Afribary.com: Retrieved November 27, 2020, from https://afribary.com/works/the-impact-of-non-oil-export-on-economic-growth-in-nigeria-1986-2010

MLA 8th

Ndudi, Okwunna. "THE IMPACT OF NON-OIL EXPORT ON ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA (1986-2010)" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 15 Jun. 2020, https://afribary.com/works/the-impact-of-non-oil-export-on-economic-growth-in-nigeria-1986-2010 . Accessed 27 Nov. 2020.

MLA7

Ndudi, Okwunna. "THE IMPACT OF NON-OIL EXPORT ON ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA (1986-2010)". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 15 Jun. 2020. Web. 27 Nov. 2020. < https://afribary.com/works/the-impact-of-non-oil-export-on-economic-growth-in-nigeria-1986-2010 >.

Chicago

Ndudi, Okwunna. "THE IMPACT OF NON-OIL EXPORT ON ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA (1986-2010)" Afribary.com (2020). Accessed November 27, 2020. https://afribary.com/works/the-impact-of-non-oil-export-on-economic-growth-in-nigeria-1986-2010