The Interplay Between Indemnity And Subrogation In Eliminating Unjust Enrichment In Insurance Contracts: Zambia In Perspective

ABSTRACT

In a society characterized by high and unavoidable accidents and losses, insurance remains an important tool for management of risks and remedying losses. However, attaining a successful insurance industly requires a balance in the application and operationalisation of the key principles of insurance which include indemnity and subrogation principles. Research on the relationship of these two principles has become an important subject because the two principles are not mutually enforcing in certain aspects in flying to eradicate unjust enrichment in the transactions and this stands as a ch"llenge in the industry. This study was thus C(lrried out to explore appropri"te legal mech"nisms for ensuring " bal"nce in the operation"lisation of the two principles in the Zambian insurance industry. Using a doctrinal type of research, reliance was placed on statutes, case law, adopted systems as well as books that are relevant to the matter. The .findings reve"led that there is no b(ll(l11ce between the principles in certain conditions. A situation where both subrogation and salvage rights are exercised is one of them as it enriches the insurers. Coupled with this is the concept of abandonment which either affects the insurer's subrogation rights where the insured abandons his rights to an "ction against a tortfesor but cfaims indemnity, or enriches the insurers where they indemnify for a lost chattel which (f recovered appreciates in value. The findings further revealed that the principles do not meet where the loss is caused by an "ct of God and that the insurers tend to claim fi>r subrogation when they h"ve not provided indemnity. Based on the .findings, the study has recommended application of the principle of constructive trust (lnd test mechanisms to estopp any of the parties from obtaining more than

they deserve. In addition, the lawyers, insurers and loss adjusters should be educated

continuously to avoid.frivolous claims.




TABLE OF CONTENTS

DECLARATION .......................................................................................................................... ii

APPROV AI, ................................................................................................................................. iii

DEDICATION ............................................................................................................................. .iv

ACKNOWLEDGEMEN'fS .......................................................................................................... V

STATUTES ................................................................................................................................... vi

LIST OF CASES ......................................................................................................................... vii

TABLE OF CONT:ENTS .............................................................................................................. x

ABSTRACT ................................................................................................................................ xii

CHAPTER ONE ............................................................................................................................ 1

GENERAL INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................... 1

1.1 Background to the study ........................................................................................................ 1

1.2 Statement of the problem ....................................................................................................... 8

1.3 Objectives of the study ........................................................................................................... 9

1.3.1 Main objective ....................................... : ............................................................................ 9

1.3 .2 Specific Objectives ............................................................................................................. 9

1.4 Scope of the study .................................................................................................................. 9

1.5 Significance of the Study ....................................................................................................... 9

1.6 Methodology .......................................................................................................................... 9

1. 7 Chapterisation ...................................................................................................................... 10

CHAPTER TWO ......................................................................................................................... 12

CONCEPTUAL ANAI,YSIS ...................................................................................................... 12

2 .1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 12

2.2 Insurance Transactions ......................................................................................................... 12

2.3 The Nature ofinsurance Contracts ...................................................................................... 13

2.4 Fonnation of Contract of Insurance ..................................................................................... 14

2.5The Principle of Indemnity ................................................................................................... 16

2.6 The Doctrine of Subrogation ............................................................................................... 17

2.7 The principle of Averages .................................................................................................... 17

2.8 Double Insurance ................................................................................................................. 18

2.9 Abandoninent ............................................. , ......................................................................... 19

2.10 Conclusion ......................................................................................................................... 21

X

CHAPTER THREE ..................................................................................................................... 22

THE PRINCIPLE OF INDEMNITY AND ITS OPERATION .............................................. 22

3 .1 Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 22

3 .2 The Nature of Indemnity ...................................................................................................... 24

3 .2.1 Methods of Payment of Indemnity ................................................................................... 26

3 .3 Indemnity and Double Insurance ......................................................................................... 30

3 .4 The Doctrine of Averages as Relates to Indemnity ............................................................. 31

3.5 Full Indemnity/ Paitial Indemnity ........................................................................................ 32

3.6 Conclusion ........................................................................................................................... 33

CHAPTER FOUR ....................................................................................................................... 35

THE DOCTRINE OF SUBROGATION ................................................................................... 35

4.0 Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 35

4.1 Nature of the doctrine .......................................................................................................... 35

4.1.1 Rationale for the doctrine .................................................................................................. 36

4.2 Exercise of Right to Subrogation ......................................................................................... 38

4.2.1 Conditions Precedent to Exercise of the Right to Subrogation ......................................... 38

4.3 Subrogation and Abandomnent.. .......................................................................................... 42

4.4 Subrogation ai1d Assignment .............................................................................................. .43

4.5 Commencement and C0nduct of Subrogated Proceedings .................................................. 44

4.5.1 Institution of Proceedings ................................................................................................ .44

4.5.2 Cost of Proceedings .......................................................................................................... 45

4.6 Insurers as Constrnctive Trustees for the Insured ............................................................... .46

4.7 Conclusion ........................................................................................................................... 47

CHAPTER FIVE ......................................................................................................................... 48

CONCLUSION ............................................................................................................................ 48

5.1 Findings ................................................................................................................................ 48

5 .2 Reco1n1nendati ons ................................................................................................................ 51

REFERENCES ............................................................................................................................ 55

Subscribe to access this work and thousands more
Overall Rating

0

5 Star
(0)
4 Star
(0)
3 Star
(0)
2 Star
(0)
1 Star
(0)
APA

Research, S. (2022). The Interplay Between Indemnity And Subrogation In Eliminating Unjust Enrichment In Insurance Contracts: Zambia In Perspective. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/the-interplay-between-indemnity-and-subrogation-in-eliminating-unjust-enrichment-in-insurance-contracts-zambia-in-perspective

MLA 8th

Research, SSA "The Interplay Between Indemnity And Subrogation In Eliminating Unjust Enrichment In Insurance Contracts: Zambia In Perspective" Afribary. Afribary, 30 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/the-interplay-between-indemnity-and-subrogation-in-eliminating-unjust-enrichment-in-insurance-contracts-zambia-in-perspective. Accessed 14 Jun. 2024.

MLA7

Research, SSA . "The Interplay Between Indemnity And Subrogation In Eliminating Unjust Enrichment In Insurance Contracts: Zambia In Perspective". Afribary, Afribary, 30 Aug. 2022. Web. 14 Jun. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/the-interplay-between-indemnity-and-subrogation-in-eliminating-unjust-enrichment-in-insurance-contracts-zambia-in-perspective >.

Chicago

Research, SSA . "The Interplay Between Indemnity And Subrogation In Eliminating Unjust Enrichment In Insurance Contracts: Zambia In Perspective" Afribary (2022). Accessed June 14, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/the-interplay-between-indemnity-and-subrogation-in-eliminating-unjust-enrichment-in-insurance-contracts-zambia-in-perspective

Document Details
Field: Law Type: Dissertation 70 PAGES (23597 WORDS) (pdf)