THE PROBLEMS OF FINANCING GOVERNMENT CORPORATIONS (A CASE STUDY OF TRACAS)

INTRODUCTION
Public corporation are enterprises, which are partly or wholly owned by the government, which private enterprises have been unable to take care of due to lack of adequate capital.
Government have generally started playing a major role in economic development and in starting large enterprises in public sector.  Many parastatals come into being when it was believed that rapid economic development required the state to take on the role of an entrepreneur/should also be know that government involvement in running public sector help in shaping its economy.  Government ownership of these enterprises is to help improve its social and economic well being of her people and those amenities that the entrepreneurs cannot provide.
In any organization, there are so many components put together that make for an effective performance.  One of the se components is fund.  The problem that arises is the adequacy of the fund for effective oiling of the operations of an organisation, throughout its lifetime.  Many organisations which started well at the initial stage have failed by the wayside die to shortage of available funds.

Public enterprises could be classified into four categories, according to the degree of government participation in ownership and intervention in management.  We have the governmental departments or ministries and agencies like INEC, NBTE.  Government invested enterprises where the government held at least 50% of the equity and appoint management.  Subsidiary company of government invested enterprises which allow the government to invest indirectly through government invested enterprises and others.  And also government back enterprises where the government hold less than 50% of the stock.  In developing nation there is a general believe that government should own and control enterprises; and government gave majority control of them appoint top management.
Over the past decades, the number and variety for public enterprises in developing country like Nigeria, the overall performance of these enterprises have been rather disappointing.  They have suffered staggering loss thereby becoming a major drain on national budgets and the principal sources of heavy external borrowing.  They have equally failed to generate the expected job opportunities.  The public enterprises have been pioneers in strategic and technology intensive field and through the price of public sector product such as coal or electricity have also had a significant impact on overall price levels.

However, the following have contributed to the poor performance and poor efficiency in these enterprises:
a.Obscure and sometimes conflicting managerial goals.
b.Inadequate management accountability and autonomy.
c.Excessive government accountability and autonomy.
d.Excessive government interference in day to day management
e.Poor personnel and incentive system
f.Inappropriate pricing and credit policies
g.Poor financing
The have contributed to poor performance of public enterprises.  The financing and management of these parastatals caused a serious problem in our economy.  Its only very few government enterprises that are independent in the issue of financing, other solely depend on government.  The fate is yearly tied on the national budgets because they are financed by way of grants, subsidies or loan from government, if budget is delayed or cut down proposed expenditure, the funds of these enterprises will also be affected.  This will determine their performance for that very year whether surplus or deficit is to be made.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cover page
Title page
Approval page
Dedication
Acknowledgement
Proposal
Table of contents

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1Background of the study
1.2Statement of the problem
1.3Objective of the study
1.4Research questions
1.5Research hypothesis
1.6Significance of the study
1.7Scope and limitations of study

CHAPTER TWO
2.0Review of related literature
2.1Overview of government corporation finance
2.2Government participation in public corporation
2.3Rational of public enterprises
2.4Problems of public enterprises
2.5Issue of financing government corporations
2.6Features of public corporation and their impact on their 
policy and financial situation
2.7Financial problem of public corporation
2.8Commercial bank financing and interest rate
2.9Inadequate funding and its impact on corporations 
Reference

CHAPTER THREE
RESEARCH DESIGNS AND METHODOLOGY
3.1Source of data
3.2Location of data
3.3Research population
3.4Description of respondent
3.5Procedure in collecting data
3.6Validation of instrument for data collection 
3.7Method of data analysis

CHAPTER FOUR
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1Analysis and interpretation of questionnaire
4.2 Testing of hypothesis
4.3Statement of hypothesis 1
4.4Statement of hypothesis 11
4.5Statement of hypothesis 111

CHAPTER FIVE
FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1Summary of findings
5.2Recommendations
5.3References/Bibliography
Appendices
Appendix A- Letter to respondents
Appendix B-Questionnaire

 

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APA

Ugwu, A. (2018). THE PROBLEMS OF FINANCING GOVERNMENT CORPORATIONS (A CASE STUDY OF TRACAS). Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/the-problems-of-financing-government-corporations-a-case-study-of-tracas-1710

MLA 8th

Ugwu, Anderson "THE PROBLEMS OF FINANCING GOVERNMENT CORPORATIONS (A CASE STUDY OF TRACAS)" Afribary. Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/the-problems-of-financing-government-corporations-a-case-study-of-tracas-1710. Accessed 23 May. 2024.

MLA7

Ugwu, Anderson . "THE PROBLEMS OF FINANCING GOVERNMENT CORPORATIONS (A CASE STUDY OF TRACAS)". Afribary, Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018. Web. 23 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/the-problems-of-financing-government-corporations-a-case-study-of-tracas-1710 >.

Chicago

Ugwu, Anderson . "THE PROBLEMS OF FINANCING GOVERNMENT CORPORATIONS (A CASE STUDY OF TRACAS)" Afribary (2018). Accessed May 23, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/the-problems-of-financing-government-corporations-a-case-study-of-tracas-1710

Document Details
Field: Accounting Type: Project 92 PAGES (13253 WORDS) (doc)