Drug abuse is the compulsive, excessive and self-damaging use of habit forming drugs or
substances, leading to addiction or dependence. Drug abuse is a problem that has increased
behavioural problems such as aggression, violence and eating disorders. This research seeks
to study the relationship between drug abuse among the youth and how it shapes their
behaviour. While there are many different kinds of drugs, the proposed study is focusing on
marijuana, khat ‘Mairungi’, nicotine, aviation and alcohol. The research is examining how
the abuse of these drugs is related with behaviour of aggression, eating disorder and violence.
This research is carried out in katwe slums in makindye Division, Kampala district.
1.1 Background of the study.
Drugs have been in existence and used for healing and religious purpose. Evidence accruing
to this report by Escandon and Galvez (2007) gives an account of Eber papyrus’ report which
claims that in 1550BC Egyptian physicians used opium for the treatment of certain illness,
Escandon and Galvez (2007), Similarly drug abuse which is the use of more quantity of drugs
than prescribed, or use of drugs for purposes other than those prescribed is as old as the use
of drugs for healing purposes .However, the abuse of drugs is reported to have been
aggravated by urbanisation (Mouti 2002). The problem of drug abuse has now become a
worldwide habit, in both developed and developing countries. It has become more alarming
among the youth. (Holland, 1986). Governmental and non-governmental agencies and
departments have been working hard to bring this situation to an end but the struggle is still
on. According to Mattie, (2012) About 200 million people around the World use illegal drugs
every year and that may be taking a toll on health and death rates in various countries.
Furthermore, Escandon and Galvez (2007), assert that the assumption to drugs among
western youth is alarming. In USA a country that usually sets the standard for many other
countries, showed a critical situation of drug abuse in the l990s. Increase in consumption of
marijuana was observed among students in the first three years of high school. in Uganda
45% of youth take drugs and alcohol (vision reporter 2013).UYDEL senior programme
manager, Rogers Mutaawe said the majority of the youth in the country take marijuana,
alcohol and others use heroine. East African reports (2005) the world health organization
(WHO) ranked Uganda the leading consumer of alcohol in the world per capita consumption
is 19.5 litres. The Global Status report (2004) says Uganda spends $145 million on alcohol
annually.25% mental cases due to drug abuse. In Uganda a country of more than 32 million
people, alcohol dependence among the main causes of psychiatric morbidity (ministry of
health in Uganda 2005). Uganda not only lacks a clear national alcohol policy but has weak
and poorly enforced laws (Uganda youth development link, 2008) It is estimated that 63
million males with alcohol-dependence-rate disorders (WHO 2004).According to (Kasule,
2011), between 5% to 10% Ugandans are regular drug abusers. In Uganda drug abuse has
been described as a problem especially among marginalized groups and the unemployed
although other categories of people also abuse drugs. Kasule further states that generally drug
abuse has been more prevalent among Ugandan youth .It is reported that those abusing
marijuana in particular being 7% to 38% .Sirnilarly, Kasirye (2010) records that marijuana is
mainly abused by street children and school youth as well as by soldiers while heroin tends to
be consumed by urban and street youth. However, he reports that cocaine is abused among
high-income groups. Quoting the Uganda Annual Police Crime Report of 2009, Kasirye 2010
notes that there were 2,034 reported and investigated narcotics cases, which led to 2,274
arrests compared to 2,542 in 2008. (Kasirye, 2010). The trend has been attributed to
inadequate laws and weak border controls.
Kasirye concludes that Uganda is now known a
BRENDA, A (2021). The Relationship Between Drug Abuse And Behaviour Change Among The Youth In Makindye Division Kampala District A Case Study Of Katwe Slum. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/the-relationship-between-drug-abuse-and-behaviour-change-among-the-youth-in-makindye-division-kampala-district-a-case-study-of-katwe-slum
BRENDA, APIYO "The Relationship Between Drug Abuse And Behaviour Change Among The Youth In Makindye Division Kampala District A Case Study Of Katwe Slum" Afribary. Afribary, 11 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/the-relationship-between-drug-abuse-and-behaviour-change-among-the-youth-in-makindye-division-kampala-district-a-case-study-of-katwe-slum. Accessed 25 Jul. 2021.
BRENDA, APIYO . "The Relationship Between Drug Abuse And Behaviour Change Among The Youth In Makindye Division Kampala District A Case Study Of Katwe Slum". Afribary, Afribary, 11 Jun. 2021. Web. 25 Jul. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/the-relationship-between-drug-abuse-and-behaviour-change-among-the-youth-in-makindye-division-kampala-district-a-case-study-of-katwe-slum >.
BRENDA, APIYO . "The Relationship Between Drug Abuse And Behaviour Change Among The Youth In Makindye Division Kampala District A Case Study Of Katwe Slum" Afribary (2021). Accessed July 25, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/the-relationship-between-drug-abuse-and-behaviour-change-among-the-youth-in-makindye-division-kampala-district-a-case-study-of-katwe-slum