The Right to Protection from Social or Economic Exploitation of Children as Provided in The 1995 Constitution of Uganda Vis-Avis Child Labour in Uganda.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Contents ......................................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.

DECLARATION ............................................................................................................................. v

APPROVAL ............................................................................................................................... vi

DEDICATION .............................................................................................................................. vii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ........................................................................................................... viii

LIST OF ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................. ix

LIST OF STATUTES ...................................................................................................................... x

ABSTRACT .................................................................................................................................. xi

CHAPTER ONE .............................................................................................................................. !

GENERAL INTRODUCTION: ................................................................................................... !

1.1 Background of the study ........................................................................................................ 1

1.2 Statement of the Problem ...................................................................................................... .3

1.3 Objective of the study ........................................................................................................... .3

1.3 .1 General Objective ............................................................................................................ 3

L3.1. Specific objectives ......................................................................................................... .3

1.4 Justification of the study ....................................................................................................... .3

1.4.1. Significance ofthe study ................................................................................................ 4

1.5. Hypothesis ............................................................................................................................. 4

1. 6 Scope of the study ................................................................................................................. .4

1. 7 Methodology ......................................................................................................................... .4

1.8 Literature Review .................................................................................................................. .4

1.9 Chapterization ........................................................................................................................ 7

CHAPTER TWO: ............................................................................................................................ 8

2.0 INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................. 8

2.1 Characteristics of child labour ............................................................................................... 8

2.2 FORMS OF CHILD LABOUR IN UGANDA ...................................................................... 9

2.2.1 CHILD TRAFFICKING .................................................................................................. 9

ii

2.2.2 COMMERCIAL SEXUAL EXPLOITATION (CSEC) ............................................... 10

2.2.3CHILD SERVANTS ...................................................................................................... 10

2.2.4 AGRICULTURAL FARMS/PLANTATIONS ............................................................. 10

2.2.5 STREET CHILDREN ................................................................................................... 11

2.2.6 FISHING ....................................................................................................................... 11

2.2.7 CHILD SLAVERY ....................................................................................................... 11

2.3 CAUSES OF CHILD LABOUR .......................................................................................... 11

2.3.1 POVERTY ..................................................................................................................... 11

2.3.2 EFFECTS OF HIV/AIDS .............................................................................................. 12

2.3 .3 ORPHANHOOD ........................................................................................................... 12

2.3.4 WAR .............................................................................................................................. 12

2.3.5 ACCESS TO COMPULSORY FREE EDUCATION IS LIMITED ............................ 12

2.3.6 CULTURE/TRADITION .............................................................................................. 12

2.3.7 GENDERIMBALANCES ............................................................................................ 12

2.8 SEXUAL EXPLOITATION ................................................................................................ 13

2.8.1 CHILD DOMESTIC LABOURERS ................................................................................ 13

2.8.2 HEALTH HAZARDS ....................................................................................................... l3

2.8.3 LACK OF EDUCATION ................................................................................................. 13

2.8.4EARLYMARRIAGES, SLAVERY AND SERVITUDE .............................................. .13

CHAPTER THREE ....................................................................................................................... 14

3.0 THE LEGAL, POLICY AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK GOVERNING CHILD

LABOUR ................................................................................................................................... 14

3J(a) THE 1995 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF UGANDA AS AMMENDED14

3.1 (b) THE CHILDREN'S ACT ............................................................................................... 14

3J(c)PREVENTION OF TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS ACT 2009 ..................................... 15

3.1(d) THE PENAL CODE ....................................................................................................... 15

3.l(e) THE EMPLOYMENT ACT ............................................................................................ IS

3.2 INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORKS .................................................................................. 15

iii

_3.2.1 MINISTRY OF LABOUR, GENDER AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT ...................... 15

4.2.2 POVERTY ERADICATION ACTION PLAN (PEAP) ............................................... 15

4.2.3 MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND SPORTS (MoES) .............................................. 16

4.2.4 JUDICIAL COURTS .................................................................................................... 16

4.2.5 SAVE THE CHILDREN ............................................................................................... 16

4.2.6 NATIONAL PLAN OF ACTION ON CIDLD LABOUR ........................................... 16

CHAPTER FOUR ......................................................................................................................... 17

4.0 FINDINGS .......................................................................................................................... 17

4.1 The nature and extent of child labour ................................................................................. .18

4.2 The causes of child Labour .................................................................................................. 18

4.3 The effects of child labour ................................................................................................... 18

4.4 Child labor laws in Uganda .................................................................................................. 18

4.5 The role ofUHRC in Child Labour Prevention ................................................................... l9

CHAPTER FIVE ........................................................................................................................... 20

5.1 RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION ................................................................. 20

5 J J Practical measures to tackle child labour ......................................................................... .21

5.2 CONCLUSION ........................................................................................................................ 22

BIBILIOGRAPHY ........................................................................................................................ 22

APPENDICES ............................................................................................................................... 24

ABSTRACT The government of Uganda is faced with the challenge of child labour in the cotmtry. Child labour contributes to a violation of the rights of children to education and protection from economic exploitation and it is putting at risk the cmmtry's progress by limiting the potential of its workforce. The problem of child labour has not attracted the expected attention it should because of a number of reasons. A number of issues have contributed to the increase in child labour in Uganda. The most prevalent of all being the high rate of poverty in the cmmtry. Due to the ever increasing poverty levels among the low income earners in the cmmtry most parents have found it increasingly difficult to support their children and give them the basics of life which is why most children, in a bid to help their parents, have joined the work force to supplement on their families' meager income. With this research, it is hoped that better policies will be enacted by key stakeholders and enforcement of these policies be strengthened and improved so as to have a Uganda free from child labour. This research is part of the study of the effects of child labour and its causes.

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APA

Frontiers, E. & BIRUNGI, M (2022). The Right to Protection from Social or Economic Exploitation of Children as Provided in The 1995 Constitution of Uganda Vis-Avis Child Labour in Uganda.. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/the-right-to-protection-from-social-or-economic-exploitation-of-children-as-provided-in-the-1995-constitution-of-uganda-vis-avis-child-labour-in-uganda

MLA 8th

Frontiers, Edu, and MIREMBE BIRUNGI "The Right to Protection from Social or Economic Exploitation of Children as Provided in The 1995 Constitution of Uganda Vis-Avis Child Labour in Uganda." Afribary. Afribary, 05 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/the-right-to-protection-from-social-or-economic-exploitation-of-children-as-provided-in-the-1995-constitution-of-uganda-vis-avis-child-labour-in-uganda. Accessed 12 Aug. 2022.

MLA7

Frontiers, Edu, and MIREMBE BIRUNGI . "The Right to Protection from Social or Economic Exploitation of Children as Provided in The 1995 Constitution of Uganda Vis-Avis Child Labour in Uganda.". Afribary, Afribary, 05 Aug. 2022. Web. 12 Aug. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/the-right-to-protection-from-social-or-economic-exploitation-of-children-as-provided-in-the-1995-constitution-of-uganda-vis-avis-child-labour-in-uganda >.

Chicago

Frontiers, Edu and BIRUNGI, MIREMBE . "The Right to Protection from Social or Economic Exploitation of Children as Provided in The 1995 Constitution of Uganda Vis-Avis Child Labour in Uganda." Afribary (2022). Accessed August 12, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/the-right-to-protection-from-social-or-economic-exploitation-of-children-as-provided-in-the-1995-constitution-of-uganda-vis-avis-child-labour-in-uganda