THE ROLE OF NIGERIAN DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION (N.D.I.C) IN MANAGING FINANCIAL DISTRESS (A CASE STUDY OF CITIZEN BANK OF NIGERIA PLC)

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INTRODUCTION 
Significant progress has been made during the past years but more intensely during the last five years towards the significations of the Nigerian financial sector through the implementation of distress resolution options. The Nigerian financial systems comprise the financial institutions rules and regulations instruments, and markets for effective intermediation. The financial institution unit of the systems comprises two major categories of institutions in the Deposit taking types and the non-Deposit taking types.
Deposit taking financial institutional include banks, and other saving institutions.
The Nigerian financial sector has been in state of trauma. The banking industry was not exception. Financial distress, non-supportive investment climate, political instability and likes and the major problems that militate against   effective banking systems in Nigeria.
Financial distress is an ancient problem that had posed great difficulties to the Nigeria banking sector. The incident of distress in the Nigerian financial sector was first recorded in history during the 1930 world economic depression.
Distress in the Nigerian banking system dates back to the early 50’s when about 51 banks were forced out of the system following the introduction of the very first banking law in Nigeria, the banking or distance of 1952. The ordinance  and the CBN Act of 1958 brought the first ever regulation and sanity into the banking system, which was formally a free banking, era. However, the degree of intensity and   the scope of financial distress in banks  had never been as deep as has been observed  since the year 1986.  the periods of years starting from 1986-1995 witnessed the greatest ever recommended distress incidence in the Nigerian banking industry. This owned its strength from the operational issues involved in the introduction and implementation of the structural adjustment programme (SAP). During the  SAP, the economy was deregulated, banking licence  was easily obtained, there was an influx of the banking system with  both efficient and inefficient banks.
The incidence of financial distress got of it peak in the year 1989 when the government withdrew its deposit and that of the other public sector institutions from commercial and merchant Banks to the control Banks  of Nigeria. This act exposed the weak financial conditions of most banks. 
The monetary authority had come with more regulations and regulatory policies on the  banking industry in the development sector in a modern economy cannot be over-emphasized. The   important of a banking sector in any economy derives from its role of financial intermediation, provision of an efficient payment system, and facilitation of the implementation of  monetary policies. An efficient and effective banking sector is essential not only for the protection of depositors encouragement  of healthy competition maintenance and protection against system risk Ebhodaghe (1996:24).
Another role or essential role that is being carried out by banks, states  by  Emekekwue is the role of transferring saving   from the surplus economic units of deficit economic units who will utilize these saving in generating investments. The savings surplus economic units would in the process have earned income in the form of interest  on those funds that could have been lying idle. Whole the savings, deficit economic unit would in the process earn profit from their investment.  It is against this background that they are called financial intermediacies (Emekekwue 1997:15)
In contrast to the ideal, the Nigerian banking sector is caught  up in systemic crises.
The   menance of  financial  distress  in banks lead to every many reactions and actions taken by the federal governement and its agents in financial matters (The Central Banks of Nigeria ).
Among the actions taken include the terminations of SAP in the year 1991 following the enactment of Bank  and other financial institutions Decree (BOFID)No 25 of 1991 still on its attempt to provide a cushion against further bank failures, the Nigerian Deposit Insurance Corporation (NDIC) was established under the  NDIC decree No  22 of 1988 by the  federal Government there was also the introduction of the prudential guideline the year 1990.  
Re-capitalization and stringent regulation of banks were also among the effective tools adopted by the government and the CBN  to fight  against financial distress in Nigeria.
It is the objective of the research work tot identify the main course of distress in the Nigerian banking sector, assess the NDIC set out  modalities for fighting and managing financial distress in the  banking system.
The researchers would also try to assess the NDIC performance in it financial distress management role in the banking industry. 
Many problem facing the corporation in its distress management functions shall be discussed, suggestions  on better options for achieving the aim of its establishment this piece of work has much to tell about  the NDIC   and its roles in banking distress management.

TABLE OF CONTENT 
Title page ii
Approval pageiii
Dedication iv
Acknowledgmentv
Proposal vi
Table of content viii

Chapter One: Introduction 1
1.1background of the study 1
1.2Statement of the study5
1.3Objective of the study7
1.4Research question 8
1.5Research hypothesis 9
1.6Significance of the study 10
1.7Scope, limitation and delimitation 11
1.8 Definition of terms 13
Reference16

Chapter two: review of related literature17
2.1The rule of   N.D.I.C in sanitizing the banking sector.18
2.2Supervisory activities of the Nigerian
deposit Insurance Corporation.19
2.3Functions of the Nigerian
deposit insurance corporation20
2.4Supervision activities of the NDIC27
2.5Off-site surveillance   28
2.6On-set  examination 29
2.7Meaning of bank distress 32
2.8Implications and consequences of bank distress.35
2.9Techniques for  identifying
financial distress in banks 38
2.10Either qualitative or indication 39
2.11Management of financial distress 44
2.12Resolution of banking distress in Nigeria48
Reference61

Chapter three: Research design and methodology 64
3.1Research design 64
3.2Area of study64
3.3Population65
3.4Sample and sampling techniques 65
3.5Instrument of data collection 67
3.6Methods of data collection 68
3.7Methods of data analysis 68
Reference70

Chapter four:Data presentation and analysis71
4.1Distributions of questionnaires 71
4.2Test of hypothesis72
4.3Test of hypothesis using chi square75
Reference82

Chapter five: findings, recommendation and conclusion 83
5.1Findings83
5.2Recommendation 84
5.3Conclusion  85
Bibliography87

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APA

Ugwu, A. (2018). THE ROLE OF NIGERIAN DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION (N.D.I.C) IN MANAGING FINANCIAL DISTRESS (A CASE STUDY OF CITIZEN BANK OF NIGERIA PLC). Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/the-role-of-nigerian-deposit-insurance-corporation-n-d-i-c-in-managing-financial-distress-a-case-study-of-citizen-bank-of-nigeria-plc-768

MLA 8th

Ugwu, Anderson "THE ROLE OF NIGERIAN DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION (N.D.I.C) IN MANAGING FINANCIAL DISTRESS (A CASE STUDY OF CITIZEN BANK OF NIGERIA PLC)" Afribary. Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/the-role-of-nigerian-deposit-insurance-corporation-n-d-i-c-in-managing-financial-distress-a-case-study-of-citizen-bank-of-nigeria-plc-768. Accessed 30 Nov. 2022.

MLA7

Ugwu, Anderson . "THE ROLE OF NIGERIAN DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION (N.D.I.C) IN MANAGING FINANCIAL DISTRESS (A CASE STUDY OF CITIZEN BANK OF NIGERIA PLC)". Afribary, Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018. Web. 30 Nov. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/the-role-of-nigerian-deposit-insurance-corporation-n-d-i-c-in-managing-financial-distress-a-case-study-of-citizen-bank-of-nigeria-plc-768 >.

Chicago

Ugwu, Anderson . "THE ROLE OF NIGERIAN DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION (N.D.I.C) IN MANAGING FINANCIAL DISTRESS (A CASE STUDY OF CITIZEN BANK OF NIGERIA PLC)" Afribary (2018). Accessed November 30, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/the-role-of-nigerian-deposit-insurance-corporation-n-d-i-c-in-managing-financial-distress-a-case-study-of-citizen-bank-of-nigeria-plc-768