The Role Of The International Organization For Migration In Preventing Human Trafficking In West Africa: A Case Study Of Ghana

ABSTRACT

Human trafficking is happening in every corner of the globe. Since it is a hidden crime, the full scale of the menace of human trafficking cannot be definitely detected and tackled by any country on its own. Ghana is not exempted from the universal challenge of trafficking in persons, as Ghana endures as a destination, source and transit country for trafficking in persons. In a quest to control this phenomenon globally, IOM as an intergovernmental organisation concerned with migration issues, has a counter trafficking unit in its country offices that works with states to combat trafficking internally and internationally. This study analyses the extent of collaboration between IOM, the Government of Ghana and other related state institutions in preventing Human Trafficking in West Africa, with specific reference to Ghana. The study is purely qualitative and relies primarily on literature review and interviews for data collection and analyses. Major findings from the study reveal that the activities done by the IOM in cooperation with the Government of Ghana and other agencies to prevent the phenomenon of human trafficking in Ghana included awareness creation, lobbying for effective legislation against human trafficking, promotion of economic development, assisting in capacity building and development of the “FREE TO BE ME” Tool Kit. The intervention by the IOM in preventing human trafficking in Ghana has yielded some successes including sensitization and advocacy through education, and assistance in the formulation of legislative laws to criminalize human trafficking. IOM also assisted in the formation of an Anti-Trafficking Units for both the Ghana Police Service and the Ghana Immigration Service to identify human trafficking cases within and across borders and to also sanction culprits, rescue trafficked victims and help reintegrate them back into society. IOM also implemented capacity building training, workshops and seminars and also promotion of economic development through education, by providing technical and vocational trainings to empower people economically. These achievements serve as deterrent to people involved in human trafficking in Ghana. However, IOM has encountered some challenges in its quest to help prevent human trafficking in Ghana. These challenges include poverty and economic hardships, poor cooperation, and lack of political will on the part of the government. The study therefore concludes that, The IOM has played a significant role in cooperation with other stakeholders in the prevention of human trafficking in Ghana. To this end, the study recommends that the Government of Ghana should continue to collaborate effectively with states and other international agencies such as the IOM, UNICEF, UNODC, among others, to effectively help tackle the menace of human trafficking in Ghana.

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APA

APPIAH, S (2021). The Role Of The International Organization For Migration In Preventing Human Trafficking In West Africa: A Case Study Of Ghana. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/the-role-of-the-international-organization-for-migration-in-preventing-human-trafficking-in-west-africa-a-case-study-of-ghana

MLA 8th

APPIAH, SHENNEL "The Role Of The International Organization For Migration In Preventing Human Trafficking In West Africa: A Case Study Of Ghana" Afribary. Afribary, 27 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/the-role-of-the-international-organization-for-migration-in-preventing-human-trafficking-in-west-africa-a-case-study-of-ghana. Accessed 14 Jul. 2024.

MLA7

APPIAH, SHENNEL . "The Role Of The International Organization For Migration In Preventing Human Trafficking In West Africa: A Case Study Of Ghana". Afribary, Afribary, 27 Apr. 2021. Web. 14 Jul. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/the-role-of-the-international-organization-for-migration-in-preventing-human-trafficking-in-west-africa-a-case-study-of-ghana >.

Chicago

APPIAH, SHENNEL . "The Role Of The International Organization For Migration In Preventing Human Trafficking In West Africa: A Case Study Of Ghana" Afribary (2021). Accessed July 14, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/the-role-of-the-international-organization-for-migration-in-preventing-human-trafficking-in-west-africa-a-case-study-of-ghana