Wrap-and-plant technology to manage sustainably potato cyst nematodes in East Africa

Abstract:

Renewable eco-friendly options for crop protection are fundamental in achieving sustainable agriculture. Here, we demonstrate the use of a biodegradable lignocellulosic banana-paper matrix as a seed wrap for the protection of potato plants against potato cyst nematode (PCN), Globodera rostochiensis. Potato cyst nematodes are devastating quarantine pests of potato globally. In East Africa, G. rostochiensis has recently emerged as a serious threat to potato production. Wrapping seed potatoes within the lignocellulose banana-paper matrix substantially reduced G. rostochiensis field inoculum and increased potato yields by up to fivefold in Kenya, relative to farmer practice, whether or not impregnated with ultra-low doses of the nematicide abamectin (ABM). Markedly, ABM-treated banana paper at ~1,000 times lower than conventional recommendations reduced PCN inoculum. Assays and analyses revealed that the lignocellulose matrix disrupts parasite–host chemical signalling by adsorbing critical PCN hatching and infective juvenile host location chemicals present in potato root exudate. Recovery experiments confirmed adsorption of these host location chemicals. Our study demonstrates the use of waste organic material to sustainably manage PCN, and potentially other crop root pests, while increasing potato yields.
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APA

Juliet, O (2024). Wrap-and-plant technology to manage sustainably potato cyst nematodes in East Africa. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/wrap-and-plant-technology-to-manage-sustainably-potato-cyst-nematodes-in-east-africa

MLA 8th

Juliet, Ochola "Wrap-and-plant technology to manage sustainably potato cyst nematodes in East Africa" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/wrap-and-plant-technology-to-manage-sustainably-potato-cyst-nematodes-in-east-africa. Accessed 28 May. 2024.

MLA7

Juliet, Ochola . "Wrap-and-plant technology to manage sustainably potato cyst nematodes in East Africa". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 28 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/wrap-and-plant-technology-to-manage-sustainably-potato-cyst-nematodes-in-east-africa >.

Chicago

Juliet, Ochola . "Wrap-and-plant technology to manage sustainably potato cyst nematodes in East Africa" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 28, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/wrap-and-plant-technology-to-manage-sustainably-potato-cyst-nematodes-in-east-africa