Expected impacts of active mining on the distribution of heavy metals in soils around Iludun-Oro and its environs, Southwestern Nigeria

Adeniyi Adewumi 21 PAGES (8793 WORDS) Article
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This present study is aimed at evaluating the level of environmental degradation and potential ecological risk in soils around an active (tantalum-niobium) mining site of Iludun-Oro, southwestern Nigeria. A total of 18 topsoil samples were randomly collected from different parts of the study area and analysed using the inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrophotometry. The concentrations of Pb, Zn, Fe, Cu, Cr and Ni varied between 0–678, 7–222, 1.64–8.87, 8.8–145, 1.4–81 and 1.6–93.1 ppm, respectively, with an average concentration of 107.72, 48.17, 5.17, 45.28, 14.76 and 21.53 ppm, respectively. The order of abundance of these heavy metals analysed in the soils is as follows: Pb > Zn> Cu> Ni> Cr> Fe. The concentration values of Pb, Fe, Cu, Ba and Sr are higher than the background values indicating that mining activities have an adverse impact on the study area.

On accessing the soil quality in the study area, the results of the geo-accumulation, contamination factor (CF) and pollution load indices (PLIs) indicated high concentrations of Pb in the soils. Likewise, most of the Igeo values reported uncontaminated to moderately contaminated for all elements except for Pb. This study has further provided the background information for a vulnerability assessment of the study area as well as for future impact assessment and proper planning of the mining site. These findings have provided useful information for making appropriate environmental management strategies to mitigate the influence of heavy metal pollution generated from an active mining site in Nigeria and other similar areas.

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APA

Adeniyi, A (2020). Expected impacts of active mining on the distribution of heavy metals in soils around Iludun-Oro and its environs, Southwestern Nigeria. Afribary.com: Retrieved October 25, 2020, from https://afribary.com/works/23311843-2018-1495046

MLA 8th

Adewumi, Adeniyi. "Expected impacts of active mining on the distribution of heavy metals in soils around Iludun-Oro and its environs, Southwestern Nigeria" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 25 Sep. 2020, https://afribary.com/works/23311843-2018-1495046 . Accessed 25 Oct. 2020.

MLA7

Adewumi, Adeniyi. "Expected impacts of active mining on the distribution of heavy metals in soils around Iludun-Oro and its environs, Southwestern Nigeria". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 25 Sep. 2020. Web. 25 Oct. 2020. < https://afribary.com/works/23311843-2018-1495046 >.

Chicago

Adewumi, Adeniyi. "Expected impacts of active mining on the distribution of heavy metals in soils around Iludun-Oro and its environs, Southwestern Nigeria" Afribary.com (2020). Accessed October 25, 2020. https://afribary.com/works/23311843-2018-1495046