A CRITICAL REVIEW OF THE ROLE OF PEACE JOURNALISM IN CONFLICT MANAGEMENT: NIGERIA’S BOKO HARAM AND FULANI/HERDSMEN CONFLICTS AS CASE STUDIES.

The Satmak Dapar Discourse 78 PAGES (22034 WORDS) Thesis
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ABSTRACT

Nigeria as a country in West Africa faces the challenge of violent-conflicts resulting in mass deaths and destruction of valuable properties worth millions of dollars. The problems seem to be spinning in a vicious cycle endlessly, from “Boko Haram to Herdsmen/Farmers conflict, from Niger-Delta militancy to ethnic clashes and other pockets of unrests. These conflicts have hampered the growth and development of Nigeria in many respects over the years. However, a number of journalists have played and still plays central role in managing these emergencies. This research work sought to put the precarious situation in the right perspective and context in order to reel out some helpful strategies for the enhancement of peace through effective and efficient journalism based on the ethics of the profession. In other words, peace journalism is probably the most potent weapon that could be used to reduce tension and effectively manage an ongoing conflict essentially through objective reportage, building platforms for dialogues, seeking true reconciliation, and helping conflicting parties to achieve compromise and consensus. Data Collection was done through In-depth Interview as a qualitative research methodology and the information was gotten from 10 journalists who are interested in peace journalism. Two communication theories, agenda Setting and Social Responsibility were used because of their fundamental and scientific role in determining peace and development agenda. This is particularly the responsibility of journalists in many respects. Recommendations were highlighted essentially to help in the advancement of peace efforts by journalists so the future of Nigeria could be secured.

Key Words: Peace Journalism, Nigeria, Conflict, Government, Media, Communication  


TABLE OF CONTENT
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ABBREVIATIONS........................................................................................................................iv
ABSTRACT....................................................................................................................................v
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INTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1
Statement of the Problem.............................................................................................................3
Motivation for the Study..............................................................................................................4
Limitations of the Study...............................................................................................................4
Aims and Objectives of the Study................................................................................................5
Significance of the Study.............................................................................................................6
CHAPTER ONE -LITERATURE REVIEW..................................................................................7
NIGERIA: FACTS ABOUT THE WEST AFRICAN COUNTRY............................................7
1.1. Nigeria: A Background Introduction.............................................................................7
1.2. History of Journalism in Nigeria...................................................................................8
1.3. The Rise of Boko Haram in Nigeria............................................................................10
1.4. Fulani Herdsmen/Farmers Crisis in Nigeria’s Middle-Belt Region of Nigeria..........11
1.5. Media’s Response to Violent Conflicts in Nigeria......................................................12
1.6. Common Challenges Associated with Journalism Practice in Nigeria.......................13
1.7. Understanding the Dynamism of Government-Media Relationship in Nigeria..........14
1.8. Toward the Realization of Press Freedom in Nigeria.................................................14
1.9. Theoretical Framework...............................................................................................15
CHAPTER TWO - THE HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF PEACE JOURNALISM.................17
2.1. The Rise of Peace Journalism in the World....................................................................17
2.2. Milestone in the development of journalism.......................................................................20
2.3. Analyzing the Nigerian Media System in historical context..............................................
2.4. Ownership Structure and Funding......................................................................................23
2.5. Peace Journalism in Nigeria: History and Overview..........................................................28
2.6. Finding Justification for the Practice of Peace Journalism in Nigeria................................28
2.7. Peace Journalism: An assessment from the perspective of objective reportage.................30
2.8. The Relationship between Peace Journalism and Conflict Management...........................31
CHAPTER THREE – METHODOLOGY....................................................................................35
3.1. Snowball Sampling.............................................................................................................36
3.2. The Eligibility Criteria........................................................................................................36
3.3. In-depth Interview Method.................................................................................................37
3.4. Recording and Transcribing................................................................................................38
3.5. Data Analysis......................................................................................................................38
CHAPTER FOUR - FINDINGS AND ANALYSIS.....................................................................40
4.1. Answering Research Questions 1, 2 & 3............................................................................40
4.2 How has peace journalism in Nigeria contributed to the management of violent
conflicts in recent history?.....................................................................................................40

4.3 How widely is the concept of peace journalism known in Nigeria?...............................41
4.4 To what degree has peace journalism been effective and efficient in promoting peace
and development in Nigeria?.................................................................................................42
4.5. Life under Threat.............................................................................................................43
4.6. Propaganda/Sensational Reportage.................................................................................44
4.7. Absence of Political will to Protect Journalists...............................................................46
4.8. Absence of Tolerance for the welfare of Peace Journalists.............................................47
4.9. Freedom of Information..................................................................................................49
4.10 Authoritarianism.............................................................................................................50
4.11. Advocacy/Clarion call for better peace Journalism Practice.........................................52
CONCLUSION..............................................................................................................................55
Is Peace Journalism Possible in Nigeria?...................................................................................58
Does Peace Journalism have a future in Nigeria?......................................................................58
APPENDICES...............................................................................................................................60
APPENDIX 1: e-LETTER TO INTERVIEWEES....................................................................60
APPENDIX 2: INTERVIEW QUESTIONS.............................................................................60
APPENDIX 3 – CONSENT FORM..........................................................................................61
BIBLIOGRAPHY......................................................................................................................62

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APA

The Satmak, D (2019). A CRITICAL REVIEW OF THE ROLE OF PEACE JOURNALISM IN CONFLICT MANAGEMENT: NIGERIA’S BOKO HARAM AND FULANI/HERDSMEN CONFLICTS AS CASE STUDIES.. Afribary.com: Retrieved August 25, 2019, from https://afribary.com/works/a-critical-review-of-the-role-of-peace-journalism-in-conflict-management-nigeria-s-boko-haram-and-fulani-herdsmen-conflicts-as-case-studies

MLA 8th

Dapar Discourse, The Satmak. "A CRITICAL REVIEW OF THE ROLE OF PEACE JOURNALISM IN CONFLICT MANAGEMENT: NIGERIA’S BOKO HARAM AND FULANI/HERDSMEN CONFLICTS AS CASE STUDIES." Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 10 Aug. 2019, https://afribary.com/works/a-critical-review-of-the-role-of-peace-journalism-in-conflict-management-nigeria-s-boko-haram-and-fulani-herdsmen-conflicts-as-case-studies . Accessed 25 Aug. 2019.

MLA7

Dapar Discourse, The Satmak. "A CRITICAL REVIEW OF THE ROLE OF PEACE JOURNALISM IN CONFLICT MANAGEMENT: NIGERIA’S BOKO HARAM AND FULANI/HERDSMEN CONFLICTS AS CASE STUDIES.". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 10 Aug. 2019. Web. 25 Aug. 2019. < https://afribary.com/works/a-critical-review-of-the-role-of-peace-journalism-in-conflict-management-nigeria-s-boko-haram-and-fulani-herdsmen-conflicts-as-case-studies >.

Chicago

Dapar Discourse, The Satmak. "A CRITICAL REVIEW OF THE ROLE OF PEACE JOURNALISM IN CONFLICT MANAGEMENT: NIGERIA’S BOKO HARAM AND FULANI/HERDSMEN CONFLICTS AS CASE STUDIES." Afribary.com (2019). Accessed August 25, 2019. https://afribary.com/works/a-critical-review-of-the-role-of-peace-journalism-in-conflict-management-nigeria-s-boko-haram-and-fulani-herdsmen-conflicts-as-case-studies