A cross-sectional observational study investigating the association between sedges (swamp grasses, Cyperaceae) and the prevalence of immature malaria vectors in aquatic habitats along the sho

Abstract:

Background: Strategies that involve manipulations of the odour-orientation of gravid malaria vectors could lead to novel attract-and-kill interventions. Recent work has highlighted the potential involvement of graminoid plants in luring vectors to oviposition sites. This study aimed to analyse the association between water-indicating graminoid plants (Cyperaceae, sedges), other abiotic and biotic factors and the presence and abundance of early instar Anopheles larvae in aquatic habitats as a proxy indicator for oviposition. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 110 aquatic habitats along the shores of Lake Victoria was done during the rainy season. Habitats were sampled for mosquito larvae using the sweep-net method and habitat characteristics recorded. Results: Anopheles arabiensis was the dominant species identified from aquatic habitats. Larvae of the secondary malaria vectors such as Anopheles coustani, An. rufipes and An. maculipalpis were found only in habitats covered with graminoids, whereas An. arabiensis, An. ziemanni and An. pharoensis were found in both habitats with and without graminoid plants. The hypothesis that sedges might be positively associated with the presence and abundance of early instar Anopheles larvae could not be confirmed. The dominant graminoid plants in the habitats were Panicum repens, Cynodon dactylon in the Poaceae family and Cyperus rotundus in the Cyperaceae family. All of these habitats supported abundant immature vector populations. The presence of early instar larvae was significantly and positively associated with swamp habitat types (OR=22, 95% CI=6-86, P
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APA

G.E, B (2024). A cross-sectional observational study investigating the association between sedges (swamp grasses, Cyperaceae) and the prevalence of immature malaria vectors in aquatic habitats along the sho. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/a-cross-sectional-observational-study-investigating-the-association-between-sedges-swamp-grasses-cyperaceae-and-the-prevalence-of-immature-malaria-vectors-in-aquatic-habitats-along-the-shore-

MLA 8th

G.E, Bokore "A cross-sectional observational study investigating the association between sedges (swamp grasses, Cyperaceae) and the prevalence of immature malaria vectors in aquatic habitats along the sho" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/a-cross-sectional-observational-study-investigating-the-association-between-sedges-swamp-grasses-cyperaceae-and-the-prevalence-of-immature-malaria-vectors-in-aquatic-habitats-along-the-shore-. Accessed 30 May. 2024.

MLA7

G.E, Bokore . "A cross-sectional observational study investigating the association between sedges (swamp grasses, Cyperaceae) and the prevalence of immature malaria vectors in aquatic habitats along the sho". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 30 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/a-cross-sectional-observational-study-investigating-the-association-between-sedges-swamp-grasses-cyperaceae-and-the-prevalence-of-immature-malaria-vectors-in-aquatic-habitats-along-the-shore- >.

Chicago

G.E, Bokore . "A cross-sectional observational study investigating the association between sedges (swamp grasses, Cyperaceae) and the prevalence of immature malaria vectors in aquatic habitats along the sho" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 30, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/a-cross-sectional-observational-study-investigating-the-association-between-sedges-swamp-grasses-cyperaceae-and-the-prevalence-of-immature-malaria-vectors-in-aquatic-habitats-along-the-shore-