A Mathematical Model Of Hiv/Aids Population Dynamics With Treatment Failure And Treatment Dropouts In The Era Of Universal Test And Treat Approach.

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Abstract

Antiretroviral therapy is currently the major intervention against HIV infection.However,

with increased access to treatment through the universal test and treat approach, poten-

tial barriers to the overall success of this strategy such as treatment dropouts and treat-

ment failure arise.We constructed a deterministic mathematical model of HIV/AIDS to

study the possible e ects of treatment failure and treatment dropouts on the population

dynamics of the infection.The model incorporated a universal test and treat scenario and

a separate sub population of treatment dropouts.The disease free and endemic equilibria

is computed and the basic reproduction number R0 of the model, is determined using the

next generation matrix method.Numerical simulations are presented to investigate the ef-

fect of treatment failure and treatment dropouts on the dynamics of the model and on the

R0.From the expression of R0 it is shown that the treatment dropout class contributes to

the overall model reproduction number.Results of the numerical simulations show that an

increase in treatment dropouts leads to an increased transimission of the HIV infection in

a population.Also, the results indicate that even in the absence of treatment dropouts and

treatment failure the basic reproduction number remains above unit, highlighting the need

for several control measures to end the epidemic.Treatment failure is shown to increase

the maximum size of the AIDS class.The results from this study demonstrate the need to

focus on increasing e orts of reducing treatment dropouts in combination with other in-

tervention strategies, through monitoring adherence and identifying and enrolling back to

antiretroviral therapy(ART) of treatment dropouts.Also there is need to improve on early

diagnosis of treatment failure such that those on treatment do not progress to AIDS before

they are put on second or third line ART.

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APA

SSA, R (2021). A Mathematical Model Of Hiv/Aids Population Dynamics With Treatment Failure And Treatment Dropouts In The Era Of Universal Test And Treat Approach.. Afribary.com: Retrieved May 13, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/a-mathematical-model-of-hiv-aids-population-dynamics-with-treatment-failure-and-treatment-dropouts-in-the-era-of-universal-test-and-treat-approach

MLA 8th

Research, SSA. "A Mathematical Model Of Hiv/Aids Population Dynamics With Treatment Failure And Treatment Dropouts In The Era Of Universal Test And Treat Approach." Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 02 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/a-mathematical-model-of-hiv-aids-population-dynamics-with-treatment-failure-and-treatment-dropouts-in-the-era-of-universal-test-and-treat-approach . Accessed 13 May. 2021.

MLA7

Research, SSA. "A Mathematical Model Of Hiv/Aids Population Dynamics With Treatment Failure And Treatment Dropouts In The Era Of Universal Test And Treat Approach.". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 02 May. 2021. Web. 13 May. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/a-mathematical-model-of-hiv-aids-population-dynamics-with-treatment-failure-and-treatment-dropouts-in-the-era-of-universal-test-and-treat-approach >.

Chicago

Research, SSA. "A Mathematical Model Of Hiv/Aids Population Dynamics With Treatment Failure And Treatment Dropouts In The Era Of Universal Test And Treat Approach." Afribary.com (2021). Accessed May 13, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/a-mathematical-model-of-hiv-aids-population-dynamics-with-treatment-failure-and-treatment-dropouts-in-the-era-of-universal-test-and-treat-approach