Vocabulary is key in the development of language, cognition and academic achievement. Learners, coming from different backgrounds, vary in the amount of vocabulary that they bring to school. Low vocabulary levels may contribute to reading difficulties which, in turn, affect later reading and general school success negatively. Reading is perceived as a major challenge in Namibian schools; therefore, this study investigated the vocabulary levels, as well as the class reading levels, in both Afrikaans first language (L1) and English second language (L2) of Grade One Afrikaans mother tongue learners. The class reading levels were assessed by teachers, who used a five-point assessment scale provided by the Ministry of Education, Sport and Culture. A standardised test, the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT 4) was administered to determine the learners’ vocabulary levels. A quantitative research design was employed and 102 Grade One learners from three different schools in Windhoek were selected through purposive, criterion sampling. A one-sample t-test was used. It determined that there was a significant difference between the mean scores for Afrikaans Vocabulary Age and English Vocabulary Age and the chronological ages of the learners. Learners performed slightly better in the Afrikaans test than in the English test. The chronological age of the learners in the three schools were the same, but differences with regards to Afrikaans and English reading class assessment were observed. Further research is required before any final conclusions can be made about the vocabulary levels of Afrikaans speaking learners. Recommendations pertaining to further research, as well as policy monitoring and evaluation, were made.
FERIS, L (2021). A Study To Determine The Afrikaans And English Vocabulary Levels Of Grade One Afrikaans Mother Tongue Learners In Windhoek. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/a-study-to-determine-the-afrikaans-and-english-vocabulary-levels-of-grade-one-afrikaans-mother-tongue-learners-in-windhoek
FERIS, LORRAINE "A Study To Determine The Afrikaans And English Vocabulary Levels Of Grade One Afrikaans Mother Tongue Learners In Windhoek" Afribary. Afribary, 20 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/a-study-to-determine-the-afrikaans-and-english-vocabulary-levels-of-grade-one-afrikaans-mother-tongue-learners-in-windhoek. Accessed 03 Feb. 2023.
FERIS, LORRAINE . "A Study To Determine The Afrikaans And English Vocabulary Levels Of Grade One Afrikaans Mother Tongue Learners In Windhoek". Afribary, Afribary, 20 Apr. 2021. Web. 03 Feb. 2023. < https://afribary.com/works/a-study-to-determine-the-afrikaans-and-english-vocabulary-levels-of-grade-one-afrikaans-mother-tongue-learners-in-windhoek >.
FERIS, LORRAINE . "A Study To Determine The Afrikaans And English Vocabulary Levels Of Grade One Afrikaans Mother Tongue Learners In Windhoek" Afribary (2021). Accessed February 03, 2023. https://afribary.com/works/a-study-to-determine-the-afrikaans-and-english-vocabulary-levels-of-grade-one-afrikaans-mother-tongue-learners-in-windhoek