This study set out to examine the effect of absenteeism on pupils' academic performance
in Kibungo Primary School, Nyamalebe Sub-county Ibanda District. The study followed
a descriptive survey design, using both quantitative and qualitative data. Teachers and
primary six pupils were the main respondents of this study. Convenience sampling was
used to select Kibungo primary school, primary six and the teachers who answered the
questionnaire while random sampling was used to select the 2o pupils. Two sets of
questionnaires were developed, one for pupils and another for teachers. Class attendance
registers for the year 2007 were also used to collect data on attendance and absenteeism
levels, while reports and mark lists were used to collect data on pupils' academic
performance. SPSS data processor was used in processing the data. Frequency counts and
relative frequencies were used to analyze the data from the questionnaires. The Pearson's
Chi-square and the Linear Correlation Coefficient were the statistical techniques used to
The findings indicate that 70% of pupils parents were farmers and 15% were traders,
which increased the possibility of absenteeism the school, 65% were of low education
level with o-level and below, 60% of the pupils always miss class and on average pupils
in this school attended 3 9 days in term one & 44 days in term two, missed 21 days in
term one (39/60) and 16 days in term two & three (44/60). The mean performance in term
one was 44% and about 51 % in term two & three. The most important causes of
absenteeism are illness (55%) fees problems (25%) and work given at home by parents
(15%) as per pupils but to teachers, a number of factors are responsible, most of which
originate from home. There was a significant relationship between parents' job and level
of education and pupils' absenteeism, with a chi- square value of 0.05 and 0.03
respectively, more pupils (8/11) form parents with less education and farmers, are likely
to miss class due to illness, fees problems and work give by parents. Attendance
significantly affect pupil's academic performance in term one (r = 0.917 and p =0.000).
Attendance in term one significantly affect performance in term tow (P=0.04 & r=0.41)
and term three (P=0.002 & r = 0.586) while attendance in term three was not significant.
The researcher concluded that the major causes of absenteeism in rural schools are
illness, fees problems & work given by parents at home. Parent's job type and level of
education impact significantly absenteeism. There is a high rate of absenteeism in
Kibanga Primary school and the general performance is just fair. Absenteeism has a
significant (negative) impact on pupil's academic performance mainly in term one, but if
we take the annual basis, it is not a significant.
The research recommends that all schools should ensure that they make regular roll calls at least twice a day, in morning and afternoon to provide data for action, reason for missing class should be recorded. Measures like adult literacy, health care and poverty eradiation programs can help reduce absenteeism and the MOES should also come out with a policy on absenteeism.
SSA, R (2021). Absenteeism And Pupils' Academic Performance In Primary Schools: A Case Study Of Kibungo Primary School, Nyamarebe Sub-County Ibanda District Uganda. Afribary.com: Retrieved June 23, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/absenteeism-and-pupils-academic-performance-in-primary-schools-a-case-study-of-kibungo-primary-school-nyamarebe-sub-county-ibanda-district-uganda
Research, SSA. "Absenteeism And Pupils' Academic Performance In Primary Schools: A Case Study Of Kibungo Primary School, Nyamarebe Sub-County Ibanda District Uganda" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 11 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/absenteeism-and-pupils-academic-performance-in-primary-schools-a-case-study-of-kibungo-primary-school-nyamarebe-sub-county-ibanda-district-uganda . Accessed 23 Jun. 2021.
Research, SSA. "Absenteeism And Pupils' Academic Performance In Primary Schools: A Case Study Of Kibungo Primary School, Nyamarebe Sub-County Ibanda District Uganda". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 11 Jun. 2021. Web. 23 Jun. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/absenteeism-and-pupils-academic-performance-in-primary-schools-a-case-study-of-kibungo-primary-school-nyamarebe-sub-county-ibanda-district-uganda >.
Research, SSA. "Absenteeism And Pupils' Academic Performance In Primary Schools: A Case Study Of Kibungo Primary School, Nyamarebe Sub-County Ibanda District Uganda" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed June 23, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/absenteeism-and-pupils-academic-performance-in-primary-schools-a-case-study-of-kibungo-primary-school-nyamarebe-sub-county-ibanda-district-uganda