The performance of candidates in the Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination (SSSCE)
normally generates negative public comments because of their below average results. Part of these
results include those of Nigerian Prison inmates. The Nigerian Prisons Service (NPS) prepares
inmates for SSSCE; however, very little is known about the inmates‘ performances, probably
because of their confinement. Literature largely dwelt on the academic performance of regular
students with little attention to the factors affecting academic performance of prison inmates in
Nigeria. This study, therefore, examined access to and utilisation of library media resources as
correlates of prison inmates‘ academic performance in private SSSCE organised by West African
Examinations Council in Nigeria from 2009-2013.
The study adopted survey design of the correlational type and the Sense Making, Information
Richness and Mastery Learning theories provided the framework. Three prisons viz: Abakaliki
(Ebonyi State), Ikoyi (Lagos State) and Kuje Medium Security (Abuja) were purposively selected.
Total enumeration method was used to draw 438 inmates who registered for SSSCE between 2009
and 2013. The choice of subjects was based solely on eleven social sciences and humanities that
require no laboratory facilities. The subjects were: English Language, Mathematics, Further
Mathematics, English Literature, Economics, Government, Geography, Commerce, Accounting,
Christian Religious Studies and Islamic Religious Studies. The three instruments used were:
Inmates‘ Accessibility to library media resources (r=0.72), Utilisation of library media resources
(r=0.82) and the SSSCE results collected from the NPS authority. These instruments were
complemented with an interview schedule. Data were analysed using Pearson product moment
correlation and Multiple regression at 0.05 level of significance. The interview schedule transcripts
were content analysed.
Access to and utilisation of library media resources significantly contributed to the academic
performance of prison inmates (F (1, 435) = 108.87) and jointly accounted for 33.4% of the total
variance of the dependent variable. There were significant relative contributions of accessibility of
resources (β = .38, t = 3.76) and utilisation of resources (β = .20, t = 1.99) to academic
performance of the respondents. Positive significant relationships were established between
accessibility to library media resources (r = .57); Utilisation of library media resources (r = .56)
and academic performance of inmates in Nigerian prisons. The prison inmates noted that Oxford
English Dictionary and textbooks in the 11 subjects were the most accessible and well utilised by
them. None of the prison libraries open at weekend while Abakaliki and Kuje prisons had no
Access to and utilisation of library media resources had a positive relationship on the academic
performance of inmates in Nigerian prisons. Increased access to and utilisation of library media
resources by prison inmates to improve their academic performance in senior secondary school
certificate examination in Nigeria should be considered.
The Public Access, L (2021). Access To And Utilisation Of Library Media Resources As Correlates Of Prison Inmates’ Academic Performance In Private Senior School Certificate Examination In Nigeria. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 10, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/access-to-and-utilisation-of-library-media-resources-as-correlates-of-prison-inmates-academic-performance-in-private-senior-school-certificate-examination-in-nigeria
Library, The Public Access. "Access To And Utilisation Of Library Media Resources As Correlates Of Prison Inmates’ Academic Performance In Private Senior School Certificate Examination In Nigeria" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 05 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/access-to-and-utilisation-of-library-media-resources-as-correlates-of-prison-inmates-academic-performance-in-private-senior-school-certificate-examination-in-nigeria . Accessed 10 Apr. 2021.
Library, The Public Access. "Access To And Utilisation Of Library Media Resources As Correlates Of Prison Inmates’ Academic Performance In Private Senior School Certificate Examination In Nigeria". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 05 Apr. 2021. Web. 10 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/access-to-and-utilisation-of-library-media-resources-as-correlates-of-prison-inmates-academic-performance-in-private-senior-school-certificate-examination-in-nigeria >.
Library, The Public Access. "Access To And Utilisation Of Library Media Resources As Correlates Of Prison Inmates’ Academic Performance In Private Senior School Certificate Examination In Nigeria" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 10, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/access-to-and-utilisation-of-library-media-resources-as-correlates-of-prison-inmates-academic-performance-in-private-senior-school-certificate-examination-in-nigeria