PROXIMATE COMPOSITION AND ANTI NUTRITIONAL CONTENT OF HYDROPONICALLY GROWN FODDER FROM MAIZE AND SORGHUM

Ayuba Olawale 37 PAGES (6898 WORDS) Project
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ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of different harvesting time on the proximate and anti-nutritional content value of maize and sorghum fodder produced in hydroponic system. Maize and sorghum were harvested on the 8th and 12th days following sowing date.

There are significant (p<0.05) difference across the treatment for days and chemical composition of hydroponically grown fodder of maize and sorghum. Higher (p<0.05) hydroponically grown maize fodder at 12 days of planting (HMF12D) on DM (23.17%), CP (18.35%), CF (18.81%), ADF (27.43%), ADL (5.93%), hemicellulose (16.76%) and cellulose (21.50%).


However, similar trend results were recorded for hydroponically grown sorghum fodder at 12 days planting. Higher (p<0.05) DM (25.17%), CP (16.64%), CF (24.21%), EE (3.80%), Ash (3.20%), NDF (54.61%), ADL (8.06%), hemicellulose (19.48%) and cellulose (27.07%).

The hydroponically grown maize and sorghum fodder at eight and twelve days of planting had low concentration of anti-nutrient factors. Phytate (0.021%), oxalate (0.022%) and tannin (0.004%) content respectively.

The overall results suggested that hydroponically grown maize and sorghum fodder at eight and twelve days of planting were of high nutritionally quality due to protein and low presence of anti-nutritional factor.

Keywords: hydroponics, proximate composition, anti-nutritional content, maize, sorghum.

CHAPTER ONE
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Background of the study 1-2
1.2 objective of the study 2
1.3 Justification of the study 3
CHAPTER TWO
2.0 Literature review 4
2.1 hydroponic fodder production 4
2.1.1 Principle 4
2.1.2 System setup 5
2.1.3 System operation 5-7
2.2 Mould 7
2.3 Environment 8
2.4 Yield 8-9
2.5 Digestibility 9-10
2.6.1 Energy 10
2.6.2 Protein 11
2.6.3 Vitamins 11
2.6.4 Animal performance on hydroponics fodder 11-13
2.6.5 Economic of hydroponic fodder 13-14
2.6.6 Dry matter 14
2.6.7 Potential of hydroponic fodder 14-15
CHAPTER THREE
3.0 Materials and Methods 16
3.1 Experimental site 16
3.2 Plants productivity experiments 16
3.3 Chemical analysis 17
3.4 Anti-nutritional factors 17
3.5 Statistical analysis 17
CHAPTER FOUR
4.0 Result and discussion 18
4.1 Results 18-21
4.2 Discussion 22-26
4.3 Anti-nutrients 26-27
CHAPTER FIVE
5.0 Conclusion and Recommendation 28
References 29-3
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APA

Ayuba, O (2019). PROXIMATE COMPOSITION AND ANTI NUTRITIONAL CONTENT OF HYDROPONICALLY GROWN FODDER FROM MAIZE AND SORGHUM. Afribary.com: Retrieved July 17, 2019, from https://afribary.com/works/akintomide-ayuba-olawale

MLA 8th

Olawale, Ayuba. "PROXIMATE COMPOSITION AND ANTI NUTRITIONAL CONTENT OF HYDROPONICALLY GROWN FODDER FROM MAIZE AND SORGHUM" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 30 Jun. 2019, https://afribary.com/works/akintomide-ayuba-olawale . Accessed 17 Jul. 2019.

MLA7

Olawale, Ayuba. "PROXIMATE COMPOSITION AND ANTI NUTRITIONAL CONTENT OF HYDROPONICALLY GROWN FODDER FROM MAIZE AND SORGHUM". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 30 Jun. 2019. Web. 17 Jul. 2019. < https://afribary.com/works/akintomide-ayuba-olawale >.

Chicago

Olawale, Ayuba. "PROXIMATE COMPOSITION AND ANTI NUTRITIONAL CONTENT OF HYDROPONICALLY GROWN FODDER FROM MAIZE AND SORGHUM" Afribary.com (2019). Accessed July 17, 2019. https://afribary.com/works/akintomide-ayuba-olawale