Research Papers/Topics in Animal Production And Health

Effects Of Inclusion Level Of Leucaena Leucocephala Leaf Meal On The Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Weaner Rabbits

ABSTRACT Thirty-two (32) zealand breed rabbits of both sexes, made up of sixteen (16) males and females were used for the experiment to investigate, the growth and carcass characteristics of weaner rabbits fed four(4) dietary levels of Leucaena leucocephala leaf meal (LLLM). Treatments I, 2, 3, and 4 received 0, I 0, 20, and 30% LLLM, respectively. They were randomly divided into 4 groups blocked by sex of 2 animals per replicate, in a Randomized Completely Blocked Design (RCBD). Means w...

Evaluation Of Inclusion Levels Of Milled Mature Pods Of Prosopis Juliflora (Mathenge) In Broiler Finisher Diets

ABSTRACTA study was conducted at Tatton Agricultural Park (Egerton University) to determine inclusion levels and effects of milled mature pods of Prosopis juliflora on feed intake (FI), growth performance, feed conversion ratio (FCR), dressing % and weights of internal organs (liver, gizzard and heart) of finishing broilers. The nutrient composition of the pods was also determined. Experimental diets were formulated using milled mature Prosopis pods (MMPP) at varying levels and offered to bro...

Probiotic Effects Of Saccharomyces Cerevisia On Laying Chicken Fed Palm Kernel Cake-Based Diets.

ABSTRACT The study investigated the probiotic effects of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on pullets development and hen-day egg performance of the layers. A total of 120 chicks were brooded for 4 weeks, after which 100 pullets were randomly selected and placed in 4 groups (A-D) of 25 birds each. Groups A, B and C had their feed supplemented with S. cerevisiae at graded levels of 0.6, 0.8 and 1.0 g/kg of feed respectively. Group D diet did not contain S. cerevisiae (control). The diets for all ...

Assessment Of Feeding Practices And Performance Of Dairy Cattle In Kibaha District, Tanzania

ABSTRACTTwo studies were carried out in Kibaha District to investigate feeding practices andperformance of dairy cattle kept by smallholder farmers. In experiment 1, formal surveywhich aimed at assessing the existing feeding practices, performance and constraints,involved 30 dairy farmers from 3 wards. In experiment 2, twenty four (24) lactating cowsfrom two wards, that is 12 cows from each ward, were monitored for one month whereintakes and milk yield were measured. In experiment 1; the perf...

Epidemiology Of Edwardsiella Infections In Farmed Fish In Morogoro, Tanzania

ABSTRACTA cross sectional study was undertaken from November 2016 to April 2017 to find out whether Edwardsiella infections exist in farmed fish in Morogoro. The prevalence of infection, risk factors and fish haematological parameters were established. A total of 270 fish were sampled from 24 ponds. Each fish was clinically examined and aseptically swabs of kidney, liver and spleen and pond water were collected for bacteriology. Bacteria were cultured onto Tryptic soya agar and Salmonella-Shi...

Prevalence Of Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase Producing Escherichia Coli In Integrated Agro-Aquaculture In Morogoro, Tanzania

TRACTIntegrated aquaculture and other agricultural activities involve use of animal manure directly or indirectly into the pond. This farming practice increase production and minimize the production cost. Despite the benefits, this may impose diseases to fish and consumers. Use of antibiotics in poultry integrated with aquaculture may impose antimicrobial resistance to fish. Extended spectrum beta lactomase (ESBL) producing Escherichia coli is resistant genes that inhibit the function of thir...

Identification And Antibiogram Profiles Of Bacteria Associated With Diseased Oreochromis Niloticus In Lake Kariba, Zambia

ABSTRACTThe recent intensified aquaculture projects in Lake Kariba have brought about disease outbreaks in cultured Oreochromis niloticus. This has brought on an awakening to the scientific knowledge gap surrounding these events. This study aimed at identifying bacteria associated with diseased O.niloticus and establishes theirantibacterial resistance patterns. The diseased fish in cages were identified based on behavioural and physical abnormalities including swimming in circles, swimming in...

Occurences And Antimicrobial Sensitivity Of Bacteria In Rufiji Tilapia And Its Hybrids With Nile Tilapia Fingerlings At Different Salinity Levels

ABSTRACTDiseases at hatchery stage are among challenges that hinder optimal mariculture development in Tanzania. Information on the occurrences of bacterial infections in mariculture hatchery in the country is limited. Thus, this study was conducted to determine the occurrence and antibacterial sensitivity of bacteria species in Rufiji tilapia and hybrids fingerlings of Nile tilapia female crossbreed with Rufiji tilapia male farmed at different salinity at Institute of Marine Science (IMS) - ...

Effects of Pigeon pea Based Diet on Growth And Attainment of Puberty in Weanling Pigs

ABSTRACT Eighteen weanling pigs aged between 9-10 weeks were used to study the effect of pigeon pea replacement of soybean meal on the performance and attainment of puberty in weanling pigs. The pigs were randomly assigned into three groups (A, B and C) of 6 pigs each and housed in three different pens. The pigs in the three groups were fed for 10 weeks with the following ingredient as the sole source of dietary protein; group A soybean meal, group B toasted pigeon pea meal and group C un...

Effect of Day Old Body Weight on Growth Performance and Body Linear Measurements of Ross 308 Broilers

 ABSTRACTAn experiment was conducted on 126 unsexed commercial broilers (Ross 308). Birds were individually weighed and grouped according to their body weight at day old. They were assigned to three (3) groups according to their body weight (i.e. 39grams and below, between 40-42grams and above 43grams and above). Each chick was wing tagged and tag number recorded according to group. All chicks were fed the same diet and they were weighed at the end of every week. At eight weeks of age, t...

MORPHOMETRIC PARAMETERS OF RED BELLY TILAPIA (Tilapia zillii) lN EGBE / DAM, GBONYl LOCAL GOVERNMENT, EKITI STATE NIGERIA.

 ABSTRACTA total number of 60 Tilapia zillii specimens were collected from Egbe darn Gbonyin local government in Ekiti West for 25 days. Morphometric measurements taken in the laboratory include total length, standard length, body weight, body depth, dorsal fin length, caudal peduncle length, head length. fork length, and pre-dorsal fin length. Total number of 34 female Tilapia zillii were collected as 26 number of male Tilapia zillii were collected from the study area. The maximum total...

THE EFFECTS OF STORAGE METHOD AND DURATION ON THE QUALITY OF JAPANESE QUAIL EGGS (Coturnixcoturnix japonica)

ABSTRACTThe experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of storage method and duration on external and internal qualities of Japanese quail eggs for three storage method(oiling, earthen pot and room temperature) and four storage durations (7,14,21 and 28 days) were used. A total of three hundred and ten eggs were used for this experiment. Eggs were collected daily then oiled and stored on a tray while some where unoiled and stored in an earthen pot and at room temperature (22-24°C) for 7...

INCIDENCE OF REPRODUCTIVE WASTAGE IN IKOLE EKITI ABATTOIR

AbstractLimited infonnation exists on the magnitude of feotal wastage in slaughtered cows in Ekiti State. A six-months (February-July 2018) investigative study was conducted to gather information about the incidence of foetal wastage in slaughtered cows in lkole-Ekiti, Ekiti State. The total mnnber of cows slaughtered during the period was 908, reflecting an average monthly kill of 50 cows and daily slaughter of 3 cows from the three central abattoirs observed.The results reveal that at least...

EFFECT OF SOYABEAN REPLACEMENT WITH LEUCAENA LEAF MEAL ON THE GROWTH PERFORMANCE AND CARCASS QUALITY OF WEANED RABBITS

 ABSTRACTThere has been a gradual increase of the price of feed resources from conventional protein leading to the inadequate supply of animal protein. Leucaena leucocephala (lam) is a leguminous browse plants that can be used in diets to replace or used in combination with protein source conventional feed ingredients. It's use has been imperative/ limited to a very low level of inclusion because of inherent anti - nutritional factor (Mimosine) which interferes with feed utilization and ...

EFFECT OF INITIAL BODY WEIGHT OF GROUPS AND FEED QUANTITY ON LAYING PERFORMANCE AND STORAGE TIME ON EGG QUALITY OF JAPANESE QAIL

 ABSTRACTThis experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of initial body weight of gro,ups(above 120g and below 120g) and quantity of feed given (25g and 30g) to Japanese quails on egg laying performance at different periods and also egg storage time (7days, 14days and 2ldays) on egg quality parameters of Japanese quail egg. A total of 120 Japanese quail birds were used at the start of the experiment and were allocated to four groups with respect to their initial body weight at ...


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