An Analysis Of Characteristics Of Labour And Outcome Before And After The Introduction Of The Partograph In A Hospital In Ghana

Eastern Network Library FELICIA DARKWAH 187 PAGES (67836 WORDS) Thesis
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A B S TR A C T The main purpose o f th is re tro s p e c tiv e com parative stu dy o f random ly selected women was to assess the partograph as an aid to p a rtu ritio n and to p ro vid e fu rth e r inform ation to s u p p o rt more w idespread use o f th is instru m ent and id e n tify any areas w here im provem ent could be made. Two g ro up s o f women expecting th e ir f ir s t babies were stu die d. The p re -p a rto g ra p h group comprised 65 women who d elivered in 1988 before the p a rto g ra p h programme was in tro d u ce d in Ghana. The p o s t-p a rto g ra p h group composed o f 76 women who had th e ir babies in 1991, two years a fte r the inception o f th e programme. There was a s ta tis tic a lly s ig n ific a n t d iffe re n ce between the two g ro u p s which showed th a t more women in the p ostp a rto g ra p h group were given sedatives and tra n q u illis e rs in la b o u r (P<0.01). There appeared to be tre n d s showing a decreased incidence o f d e liv e ry by caesarean section, an increase in the even t o f p o st-p a rtu m haemorrhage and a decrease in the p o st-n a ta l a n tib io tic req uirem ent in the p o s t-p a rto g ra p h g ro up , a lth o u g h , s ta tis tic a lly s ig n ific a n t d iffe re n ce s were not reached. The discrepancies between th e two g ro u p s were not s ta tis tic a lly s ig n ific a n t fo r any o th e r o f the param eters tested. The fin d in g s endorsed the ✓alue o f the p a rto g ra p h as a simple, low .cost and e ffic ie n t tool as an aid to confinem ent. However, questions are raised about th e use of the admission time as the basis fo r the calculation of the d u ra tio n o f lab our, since the s h o rt d u ra tio n so estimated is not a rep re sen ta tion o f the woman’ s own experience of labour. The adm ission time approach suggested by H endricks et al (1970) u nd er estim ates th e mothers d iagnosis/experience o f labour, [W ilcoxon m atched-pairs signed rank te s t, P< 0.05.] By c o n tra s t, th e cervical d ila ta tio n tim e-scale approach o f calculation does p rovid e a more sim ilar value to the m other’s estim ation/experience, [Wilcoxon m atched-pairs signed ran k te s t; P<0.01,] than th a t o f H endricks et al (1970).

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APA

Eastern Network, L (2021). An Analysis Of Characteristics Of Labour And Outcome Before And After The Introduction Of The Partograph In A Hospital In Ghana. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 11, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/an-analysis-of-characteristics-of-labour-and-outcome-before-and-after-the-introduction-of-the-partograph-in-a-hospital-in-ghana

MLA 8th

Library, Eastern Network. "An Analysis Of Characteristics Of Labour And Outcome Before And After The Introduction Of The Partograph In A Hospital In Ghana" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 04 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/an-analysis-of-characteristics-of-labour-and-outcome-before-and-after-the-introduction-of-the-partograph-in-a-hospital-in-ghana . Accessed 11 Apr. 2021.

MLA7

Library, Eastern Network. "An Analysis Of Characteristics Of Labour And Outcome Before And After The Introduction Of The Partograph In A Hospital In Ghana". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 04 Apr. 2021. Web. 11 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/an-analysis-of-characteristics-of-labour-and-outcome-before-and-after-the-introduction-of-the-partograph-in-a-hospital-in-ghana >.

Chicago

Library, Eastern Network. "An Analysis Of Characteristics Of Labour And Outcome Before And After The Introduction Of The Partograph In A Hospital In Ghana" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 11, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/an-analysis-of-characteristics-of-labour-and-outcome-before-and-after-the-introduction-of-the-partograph-in-a-hospital-in-ghana