An Assessment Of The Contribution Of Faecal Disposal Practices On The Bacteriological Quality Of Drinking Water Sources In Isiolo County, Kenya

ABSTRACT

The basic needs of people such as safe drinking water, improved hygiene and sanitation

must be fulfilled for a dignified life of human beings. However, this has not been the case in

Isiolo County where there is rampant practice of open defecation and reliance on unprotected

water sources for drinking purposes, with little or no regard to adequate drinking water

treatment handling and storage. This study sought to establish the contribution of faecal

disposal practices among residents on bacteriological quality of drinking water sources in the

County. In a cross-sectional survey of 150 households, data on faecal disposal and water

handling practices was obtained through questionnaires, observation and key informant

interviews. In addition, water samples from both source and household stored water were

subjected to bacteriological analysis using the Membrane Filtration Technique (MFT). The

data was then analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics at α = 0.05 level of

significance. According to the findings, the water sources sampled recorded high levels of

contamination with bacterial pathogens. Results indicated mean counts of 7.9, 2.1, 5.3, and 6.4

(x 103CFU/100ml) from water source and 5.8, 1.6, 3.6 and 3.8 (x 103 CFU/100ml) from

household stored water samples for Faecal streptococci, Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi

and Total coliform respectively with contamination levels falling below the World Health

Organization (WHO) recommended standards. Sanitary risk analysis around these water

sources revealed low levels of hygiene and poor source protection in 78% of the water sources,

making them prone to faecal contamination. At the household level, 43% of the households

surveyed did not have access to latrine facility, promoting un-healthy behaviour such as open

defecation, burying and paper bag disposal of faecal matter among households. From the study

findings, it was concluded that poor faecal disposal practices and low levels of hygiene among

households could be linked to poor bacteriological quality of drinking water. There is need to

increase households access and use of latrines. In addition, it is necessary to instil safe drinking

water treatment and handling practices especially at point of use. This will help minimise the

negative health impacts associated with consumption of faecal contaminated water at households.

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APA

OKULLO, J (2021). An Assessment Of The Contribution Of Faecal Disposal Practices On The Bacteriological Quality Of Drinking Water Sources In Isiolo County, Kenya. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/an-assessment-of-the-contribution-of-faecal-disposal-practices-on-the-bacteriological-quality-of-drinking-water-sources-in-isiolo-county-kenya

MLA 8th

OKULLO, JOAB "An Assessment Of The Contribution Of Faecal Disposal Practices On The Bacteriological Quality Of Drinking Water Sources In Isiolo County, Kenya" Afribary. Afribary, 14 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/an-assessment-of-the-contribution-of-faecal-disposal-practices-on-the-bacteriological-quality-of-drinking-water-sources-in-isiolo-county-kenya. Accessed 27 May. 2024.

MLA7

OKULLO, JOAB . "An Assessment Of The Contribution Of Faecal Disposal Practices On The Bacteriological Quality Of Drinking Water Sources In Isiolo County, Kenya". Afribary, Afribary, 14 May. 2021. Web. 27 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/an-assessment-of-the-contribution-of-faecal-disposal-practices-on-the-bacteriological-quality-of-drinking-water-sources-in-isiolo-county-kenya >.

Chicago

OKULLO, JOAB . "An Assessment Of The Contribution Of Faecal Disposal Practices On The Bacteriological Quality Of Drinking Water Sources In Isiolo County, Kenya" Afribary (2021). Accessed May 27, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/an-assessment-of-the-contribution-of-faecal-disposal-practices-on-the-bacteriological-quality-of-drinking-water-sources-in-isiolo-county-kenya