The theme of the study is an evaluation of leadership style and its effects on employee’s attitude (a case study of Nike Lake Resort Hotel, Enugu).
Inadequate information and misconceptions about leadership styles that is appropriate in organizational structure perse have led to several ugly consequences strike actions, creation of informal group etc.
In order to achieve the above aims, research questions were used. The findings of the researcher were presented in tabular form and analyzed using simple percentages. The findings of the study revealed the following:
- That employees attitude to greatly affected by leadership style adopted by their leaders.
- That employees react to leadership style by creating informal group
- That in all respect employees is contingent on leadership which integrate, organization and employees objectives.
- The resultant effect of unpopular leadership in an organization results in workers strike and uncooperative attitude of the employees.
Based on the above findings the following were recommended:
- There should be awareness of the fact that employees at all levels evaluate their job and their leadership behaviour. Leaders should always try to influence and motivate employees for the survival of the organization.
- When formulating organizational polic, it is necessary that employees needs and aspirations are integrated.
- Management should encourage employees participation at lest in the work group, to partake in decision – making on areas that affect them most.
- The consent of those over whom the acquired power is exercised is necessary because of background, education and orientation that determine best leadership.
- The management should also endevour to establish and maintain a nice conflict resolving devices.
It is therefore believed that if the aforementioned recommendations suggested be seriously taken into consideration, it will go a long way in proffering solutions to some of the problems faced by organizational goal.
TABLES OF CONTENTS
List of table
Table of contents
Background of the study
Statement of problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of study
Scope of study
Limitations of the study
Definition of terms
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
The concept of leadership
Nature of leadership
Leadership as the process of management
The concept of power as it relates to leadership
Apaches to leadership theory
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY
Source of data collection
Procedure in gathering data
Population of the study
Data treatment technique
Research method used
Administration and retrieval of questionnaire
PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATIONOF DATA
SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
Summary of findings
Area of further study
Leadership is an area of managerial responsibility that is needed to develop plans, set objectives that help the organization cope with the future and to meet the demands of the environment. The technical, economic, social and political characteristics of organization brings about continuing need for the innovation, creativity and imagination of a leader. Leadership ability therefore is a valuable skill and those who possess or have it reap high rewards. The universal dearth of effective leaders causes organization to scout constantly for them and fosters development and better utilization of existing leadership.
Leadership is the ability of an individual to influence others to work beyond ordinary level to achieve a goal or an objective. Leadership is generally defined as influence, the art or process of influencing people so that they will strive willingly towards the achievement of group goals. To lead is to guide conduct and direct. Leaders act t o help a group achieve objectives with maximum application of its capabilities. They do not stand behind a group to prod; they place themselves before the group as to facilitate progress and inspire the group to accomplish organizational goals.
A pertinent example is that of the orchestra leader, whose function is to produce coordinated sound and correct tempo through integrated effort of the instrumentalist.
Leadership has an effect on the performance of any organization. It affects both the employees attitude and productivity of the organization.
Employees at all levels tend to evaluate the jobs and their organizations according to the kind of leadership behaviour their bosses exhibit, for a leader to lead effectively and efficiently he needs to understand his followers and the situation in t he organization. The situational variably which influences the effectiveness of a followers and the task organizational climate power available to the leader and leader – follower relationship.
Basically, people tend to follow those they see as a means of satisfying their needs. The task of a leader is to encourage people to contribute effectively and willingly towards the accomplishment of enterprise goal, and to satisfy their own needs in the process.
The leader must always be aware of the human problems a as sensitivity towards the hopes and aspirations of those whom he supervised and a capacity for analysis of emotional forces that motivate their conduct, if this is not achieved the projects entrusted to him will not work out, no matter how often wages are raised.
The survival of every organization depends on the performance of its leader. He moves the group within the constrains of its maximum compatibilities to attain certain specified objectives. He handles people, motivate them to work with them to do. In order not to loose him identity he takes his place before the group as he inspires the group to accomplish organizational objective.
In fact he is an architect of the performance, and hence tries to increase the moral of his employees always. Research findings however suggests that leadership effectiveness is not depended on the source of power alone but with situational factors, climate or any particular style.
From the foregoing, the question is that, how effective is the leadership style in bringing about a good reaction o employees towards organization, work and their environment.
It is the aim of the research to give due to the question.
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