Anopheles rufipes implicated in malaria transmission both indoors and outdoors alongside Anopheles funestus and Anopheles arabiensis in rural south-east Zambia

Abstract:

The primary malaria vector-control interventions, indoor residual spraying and long-lasting insecticidal nets, are effective against indoor biting and resting mosquito species. Consequently, outdoor biting and resting malaria vectors might elude the primary interventions and sustain malaria transmission. Varied vector biting and resting behaviour calls for robust entomological surveillance. This study investigated the bionomics of malaria vectors in rural south-east Zambia, focusing on species composition, their resting and host-seeking behaviour and sporozoite infection rates. Methods

The study was conducted in Nyimba District, Zambia. Randomly selected households served as sentinel houses for monthly collection of mosquitoes indoors using CDC-light traps (CDC-LTs) and pyrethrum spray catches (PSC), and outdoors using only CDC-LTs for 12 months. Mosquitoes were identified using morphological taxonomic keys. Specimens belonging to the Anopheles gambiae complex and Anopheles funestus group were further identified using molecular techniques. Plasmodium falciparum sporozoite infection was determined using sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays.

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APA

Saili, K (2024). Anopheles rufipes implicated in malaria transmission both indoors and outdoors alongside Anopheles funestus and Anopheles arabiensis in rural south-east Zambia. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/anopheles-rufipes-implicated-in-malaria-transmission-both-indoors-and-outdoors-alongside-anopheles-funestus-and-anopheles-arabiensis-in-rural-south-east-zambia

MLA 8th

Saili, Kochelani "Anopheles rufipes implicated in malaria transmission both indoors and outdoors alongside Anopheles funestus and Anopheles arabiensis in rural south-east Zambia" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/anopheles-rufipes-implicated-in-malaria-transmission-both-indoors-and-outdoors-alongside-anopheles-funestus-and-anopheles-arabiensis-in-rural-south-east-zambia. Accessed 21 May. 2024.

MLA7

Saili, Kochelani . "Anopheles rufipes implicated in malaria transmission both indoors and outdoors alongside Anopheles funestus and Anopheles arabiensis in rural south-east Zambia". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 21 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/anopheles-rufipes-implicated-in-malaria-transmission-both-indoors-and-outdoors-alongside-anopheles-funestus-and-anopheles-arabiensis-in-rural-south-east-zambia >.

Chicago

Saili, Kochelani . "Anopheles rufipes implicated in malaria transmission both indoors and outdoors alongside Anopheles funestus and Anopheles arabiensis in rural south-east Zambia" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 21, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/anopheles-rufipes-implicated-in-malaria-transmission-both-indoors-and-outdoors-alongside-anopheles-funestus-and-anopheles-arabiensis-in-rural-south-east-zambia