Assesment Of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Cholera Prevention and Control in Ilorin Metropolis Kwara State, Nigeria

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Cholera is an infection of the small intestine that is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae 01 and 0139[1]. The main symptoms are profuse watery diarrhea and vomiting. Transmission is primarily through consuming contaminated drinking water or food. The severity of the diarrhea and vomiting can lead to rapid dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. Every year there is an estimated 3-5 million cholera cases and 100,000-120,000 deaths due cholera. The short incubation period of two to five days, enhance the potentially explosive pattern of out breaks [2]. Cholera transmission is closely linked to inadequate environmental management. Typical at-risk areas include peri-urban slums, where basic infrastructure is not available, as well as camps for internally displaced people or refugees, where minimum requirements of clean water and sanitation are not met.  The consequences of a disaster – such as disruption of water and sanitation systems, or the displacement of populations to inadequate and overcrowded camps – can increase the risk of cholera transmission should the bacteria be present or introduced. Epidemics have never arisen from dead bodies. Cholera remains a global threat to public health and a key indicator of lack of social development. Recently, the reemergence of cholera has been noted in parallel with the ever-increasing size of vulnerable populations living in unsanitary conditions [3]. 

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APA

BALA, M (2021). Assesment Of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Cholera Prevention and Control in Ilorin Metropolis Kwara State, Nigeria. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/assesment-of-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-towards-cholera-prevention-and-control-in-ilorin-metropolis-kwara-state-nigeria

MLA 8th

BALA, MUHAMMAD "Assesment Of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Cholera Prevention and Control in Ilorin Metropolis Kwara State, Nigeria" Afribary. Afribary, 17 Dec. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/assesment-of-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-towards-cholera-prevention-and-control-in-ilorin-metropolis-kwara-state-nigeria. Accessed 14 Jul. 2024.

MLA7

BALA, MUHAMMAD . "Assesment Of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Cholera Prevention and Control in Ilorin Metropolis Kwara State, Nigeria". Afribary, Afribary, 17 Dec. 2021. Web. 14 Jul. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/assesment-of-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-towards-cholera-prevention-and-control-in-ilorin-metropolis-kwara-state-nigeria >.

Chicago

BALA, MUHAMMAD . "Assesment Of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Cholera Prevention and Control in Ilorin Metropolis Kwara State, Nigeria" Afribary (2021). Accessed July 14, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/assesment-of-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-towards-cholera-prevention-and-control-in-ilorin-metropolis-kwara-state-nigeria