Effective adaptation to climate change provides the means through which agricultural
households reduce the vulnerability of their livelihood to the impacts of climatic
hazards. Effective strategies reduce the adverse impacts of fluctuations and changes in
climatic variables on households’ livelihood leading to the achievement of their
livelihood targets whiles maintaining the quality of the environment. Agricultural
households in Sissala area have devised their own mechanisms for effectively adapting
their livelihood activities to climate change which have been outlined by various
studies in the area. However, there have been debates about whether some of these
mechanisms are effective in reducing the impacts of climatic hazards especially
drought and floods and meeting the food security and increased crop and income
targets of households. This study sets out to assess the effectiveness of households’
strategies in reducing impacts and meeting their targets using multi-methods. Focus
group discussions, individual interviews and questionnaires were used in this study.
SPSS version 16.0 and STATA Software for Binary regression analysis were used for
The main climatic impacts and threats identified in the area include: droughts, floods,
rainstorm and the incidence of pests and diseases which destroy crops, public
infrastructure, private properties and loss of farmlands. Farmers have knowledge of
climate change through local experience and awareness creation via radio and mobile
phones. The main adaptation strategies of farmers include: crop diversification, the use
of weedicides/pesticides and chemical fertilizer, changing consumption, land rotation,
tillage practices, changing planting dates, irrigation, harvesting of rain water, and
migration to urban areas, the use of compost/manure, and cultivation of cover crops.
Due to the need to pay for social services, farming households’ objectives have shifted
from achieving food security to enhancing family income. Location factors and
characteristics of households influence the adaptive capacities of farmers. Also the
success of adaptation strategies adopted depend on wealth of the farmer, gender,
experience and the ecological conditions of the community where farms are located.
The use of weedicides, tillage practices and chemical fertilizer were found to be more
effective for non-poor and rich farmers and experienced farmers than poor and
inexperienced farmers and also more effective among farmers in Wellembelle than
their counterparts in Sakai. Changing consumption and the cultivation of cover crops
was common among poor and older farmers.
It was however revealed that, if care is not taken, the unintended effects of some of
these strategies could lead to maladaptation in the long-run. The use and misuse of
weedicides has taken a toll on livestock population and exacerbating inequalities
between livestock and crop producers. Again, the use of wood for fencing gardens in
irrigation areas on annual basis could lead to deforestation in the area. Also,
environmentally friendly strategies such as the use of compost/manure are poorly
patronized. The effectiveness of land rotation is waning due to social change processes.
PSN, A (2021). Assessing The Effectiveness Of Agricultural Households’ Strategies For Sustainable Adaptation To Climate Change In The Sissala East District. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 10, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/assessing-the-effectiveness-of-agricultural-households-strategies-for-sustainable-adaptation-to-climate-change-in-the-sissala-east-district
Africa, PSN. "Assessing The Effectiveness Of Agricultural Households’ Strategies For Sustainable Adaptation To Climate Change In The Sissala East District" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 08 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/assessing-the-effectiveness-of-agricultural-households-strategies-for-sustainable-adaptation-to-climate-change-in-the-sissala-east-district . Accessed 10 Apr. 2021.
Africa, PSN. "Assessing The Effectiveness Of Agricultural Households’ Strategies For Sustainable Adaptation To Climate Change In The Sissala East District". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 08 Apr. 2021. Web. 10 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/assessing-the-effectiveness-of-agricultural-households-strategies-for-sustainable-adaptation-to-climate-change-in-the-sissala-east-district >.
Africa, PSN. "Assessing The Effectiveness Of Agricultural Households’ Strategies For Sustainable Adaptation To Climate Change In The Sissala East District" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 10, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/assessing-the-effectiveness-of-agricultural-households-strategies-for-sustainable-adaptation-to-climate-change-in-the-sissala-east-district