Research Papers/Topics in Geography

Landlocked African Countries and What You Need to Know About Them

A landlocked country is a country that does not have territory connected to an ocean or whose coastlines lie on endorheic basins.  An endorheic basin, also called an internal drainage system, is a drainage basin that normally retains water and allows no outflow to other external bodies of water, such as rivers or oceans, but drainage converges instead into lakes or swamps, permanent or seasonal, that equilibrate through evaporation. Africa is a continent of many countries; 55, to be exac...

Effect of Mobile Communication Mast on Soil Properties in Lugbe, Federal Capital Teritory, Abuja

ABSTRACT This study examines the effect of GSM mast on soil properties in Lugbe, Municipal Area Council of the F.C.T. The work essentially focuses on the availability or otherwise of heavy metal and its variations along the GSM masts belong to MTN and GLO operation. The soil samples were taken at 20m, 60m and 100m from each of the GLO and MTN masts in order to determine the spatial variation of the heavy metals associated with the mast. The soil samples were analyzed for Ca2+ , Fe2+...

Effects Of Weather And Climate Variability On Fishing Activities And Fishers’ Adaptive Capacity In Mbita Division - Homa Bay County, Kenya

Fisher-folk depend for a major part of their livelihood on natural resources whose distribution and productivity are known to be influenced by climate dynamics. Research has shown that small-scale fisher-folk in the developing countries are more vulnerable to climate variability due to their high reliance on fisheries and poor adaptive capacity. However most studies so far have concentrated on climate-driven changes in ocean productivity and its impact on fish distribution and productio...

Spatial Analysis Of Constraints And Opportunities In Banana Value Chain In Meru County, Kenya

ABSTRACT The changes such as increases in urban dwellers and demand for high quality and safe products being witnessed in agrifood systems around the world present opportunities for farmers to orient production to meet the emerging needs. To this end, governments in SubSaharan Africa have been reconstituting new trading policies. In Kenya, banana farming is a prospective activity through which small-scale farmers could exploit the emerging opportunities. This study examines the banana va...

Effects Of Climate Variability And Other Factors On The Outbreak And Spread Of Newcastle Disease In Suneka Division Of Kisii County

ABSTRACT Newcastle Disease (ND) is a common occurrence in Suneka Division. ND is caused by Avian Paramyxovirus Type 1, is one of the most significant diseases for poultry producers around the world. This poultry disease is influenced directly or indirectly by weather as it affects the timing and the intensity of an outbreak. This thesis examined the factors influencing the outbreak and the spread of Newcastle disease in Suneka Division of Kisii County. The objectives of study were; to ...

Women Collective Actions And Performance Of Their Informal Groups: Analysis Of Rotating Savings And Credit Associations In Muthara Division, Kenya

ABSTRACTThis study examined Rotating Savings and Credit Associations’ (ROSCAs) socio-economic benefits to members who overcame the collective action challenges to significantly achieve ROSCA goals in Muthara Division Meru County, Kenya. The study objectives were to outline factors influencing women membership into ROSCAs; assess social economic benefits of ROSCAs that improve economic performance of women participants; determine opportunities and challenges affecting performance of ROSCAs a...

Enhancing Farmers' Agricultural Productivity Through Improved Field Management Practices In The Central Highlands Of Kenya

ABSTRACT Farmers in central highlands of Kenya have been experiencing declining crop yields in the recent past. Low water availability caused by low and unreliable rainfall, and poor water harvesting techniques coupled with low soil fertility are key constraints to crop production in these regions. To increase crop yields, and reduce production risks, better use of available rainfall is required. The broad objective of the research was to enhance farmers' agricultural productivity throu...

Influence Of Drugs And Substance Abuse On Reproductive Health In Gatanga Sub County, Murang’a County, Kenya

ABSTRACTDrug and substance abuse is one of the most critical challenges facing Kenya today and is fast assuming alarming proportions among the young adults. A report on the findings of the 2007 rapid situation assessment of substance abuse in Kenya found that young adults had the highest substance abuse prevalence. This study was motivated by the fact that previous studies on the magnitude and impact of drugs and substance abuse have mainly focused on the youth in learning institutions; yet t...

An Analysis Of The Determinants Of Fertility In Matuga Division, Matuga Sub-County, Kwale County, Kenya

ABSTRACT The world total fertility rate has dropped from 4.95 births per woman to 2.36 births per woman in the last 50 years. In developing countries the total fertility rate has dropped from 6.0 births per woman in the 1960s to 2.9 births per woman in 2005 and was expected to have dropped even further in 2015. Kenya‟s fertility has declined from 7.8 births per woman in 1979 to 4.6 births per woman in 2009 (KNBS, 2010). Despite the general drop in fertility, there are differentials wh...

An Evaluation Of Accommodation Challenges Faced By Seasonal Commercial Workers During Tourism Peak Season In Malindi Town, Kenya

ABSTRACT This study examined accommodation challenges facing seasonal commercial workers during tourism peak season in Malindi Town. Malindi Town is one of the major tourist destinations in Kenya with the tourism peak season starting from July to March each year. The town experiences an increase in population as a result of seasonal commercial workers who visit the area in search of employment and other income generating economic activities such as trade. This exerts pressure on the exi...

Effects Of Land Use And Land Cover Changes On The Hydrology Of Weruweru-Kiladeda Sub-Catchment In Pangani River Basin, Tanzania

ABSTRACTLand-use and land-cover changes have negative consequences on watershed management in Pangani River Basin. They increase impervious ground surfaces, decrease infiltration rate and increase runoff rate, hence causing low base flow during the dry seasons. Comparatively, little is known on the driving forces that affect land-use change and their effects on the hydrology of Weruweru-Kiladeda Sub-catchment. This study, was undertaken to achieve four specific objectives, namely i) to determ...

Major Causes Of Outmigration In Mukurweini, Nyeri County, Kenya 2000-2015

ABSTRACT This study focused on finding the major factors explaining the decline in population in Mukurweini Region, Nyeri County, Kenya 2000-2015. The researcher used 1989, 1999 and 2009 censuses data to determine the trend. The study was hinged on education level, economic status, age and gender with emphasis on how they affect Outmigration in Mukurweini. The study was based on the neoclassical theory pioneered by Harris and Todaro (1970) which indicates that international migration i...

Institutional, Cultural And Socio-Economic Barriers To Women’s Contraceptive Use In Butula Sub-County, Busia County, Kenya

ABSTRACT The government of Kenya has put in place various strategies and policies to increase the uptake of family planning services and also increase the mean age at first marriage as a step towards reducing the fertility rate. This is the cornerstone of reducing poverty and improving the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Despite these policy measures, the Total Fertility Rates (TFR) of some regions still remains high above the country’s rate of 3.9, according to the Kenya De...

An Assessment Of The Effects Of The ‘New’ Road Safety Regulations On Passenger Service Vehicle Operations In Nairobi, Kenya

ABSTRACTThe study examines the effects of the „new‟ road safety regulations on the operations of PSVs in Nairobi. Specifically, the study sought to a) examine changes in the input and output of PSV in Nairobi, b) establish changes in the working conditions of PSV drivers and conductors, c) assess changes in the quality of service of public transport, and finally, d) examine the challenges and opportunities in implementing and enforcing the„new‟ regulations. The study was descriptive, ...

Morphological And Socio-Economic Effects Of Sand Mining On River Tyaa In Kitui County, Kenya

ABSTRACTCurrent global rate of sand mining in river channels is unsustainable, and in Kenya the activity going on unregulated. This study established the morphological and socio-economic effects of sand mining in river Tyaa by addressing the following objectives: To determine the: extent of sand mining; morphological factors influencing abundance of sand; effects of sand mining on the morphology of River Tyaa and Socio-Economic effects of sand mining in river Tyaa. Random sampling technique c...


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