Assessing the Effectiveness of Medical Waste Management Strategies; A Case Study of Mwanza District, Tanzania

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Contents Page

DECLARATION

APPROVAL ii

DEDICATION iii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iv

TABLE OF CONTENTS v

LIST OF TABLES vii

LIST OF FIGURES viii

LIST OF PHOTOS ix

ABSTRACT x

CHAPTER ONE 1

1.0 INTRODUCTION 1

1.1 Background of the study 1

1 .2 Statement of the problem 2

1 .3 General objective 2

1 .4 Specific Objectives 2

1 .5 Research Questions 3

1.6 Significance of the Study 3

1 .7 Scope of the study 3

CHAPTER TWO 4

2.0 LITERETURE REVIEW 4

2.1 Medical waste generations 4

2.2 Medical waste management 5

2.3 Classifications of medical wastes 6

2.4 Challenges in medical waste management 7

2.5 Plastics and Glass in Medical waste management 8

2.6 Medical wastes treatment 9

2.7 Medical wastes Incineration 9

2.8 Monitoring and Control of medical wastes 9

CRAPTERTHREE 12

3.0 MATERIALS AND METHODS 12

3.1 Geographical location 12

3:2 Sampling design 12

3:3 Sample selection and size 12

3:4 Instruments of Data collection 13

V

3.4.1 Questionnaires .13

3.4.2 Oral Interviews 13

3.4.3 Direct Observation 13

3.4.4 Literature review 14

3.5 Data analysis and presentation 14

3.6 Limitations 15

CHAPTER FOUR 16

4:1 Demographic characteristics 16

4.2 Identified medical waste management strategies existing in the study area 17

4.3 Effectiveness of the identified strategies 19

4:4 Challenges in medical wastes management 20

4:5 Solution to the identified challenges in Medical waste management 22

CHAPTER FIVE 24

5.0 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 24

5:1 Conclusion 24

5:2 Recommendations 24

REFERENCE 26

APPENDECES 29

ABSTRACT Medical wastes are highly infectious and hazardous wastes that may carry pathogens of dreadful diseases hence its management is vital not only because human health is important but also quality of the environment has to be kept into consideration. Mismanagement of Medical waste implies combinations of improper handling of wastes during generation, collection, storage, transport and treatment or disposal. However proper strategies for effective management are still the problem in urban areas and are becoming a potential public health risk and an environment burden as well. A study was guided by four objectives aiming on identifying strategies existing, effectiveness of identified strategies, challenges associated with medical waste management and to find out measures to those challenges in medical waste management, where a number of sixty (60) respondents were included and categorized into doctors, nurses, waste department members, private waste collectors companies and local communities where by methods such as interview, questionnaires and observation were used to collect information regarding waste management. Results showing that the identified strategies used to manage medical wastes were frequent collection, privatization, waste separation, waste treatment and incineration as well as to train workers. And their effectiveness seen was such as improves sanitation and quality of environment, improves health of local communities, controls diseases and reduction of wastes volume. However there some challenges that facing medical waste management these were high operational costs, human population increase, inadequate facilities for medical waste management, poor medical waste management technologies, poor government policy and planning, lack of disposal sites and lack of education and awareness among waste handlers. On the other hand the following were recommendations made for the effective medical waste management strategies such as increase budgeting, increase stakeholders participation, encourage public education and awareness, appropriate information and technology in medical waste management and emphasizing training to waste handlers.

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APA

Frontiers, E. & KULWA, D (2022). Assessing the Effectiveness of Medical Waste Management Strategies; A Case Study of Mwanza District, Tanzania. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/assessing-the-effectiveness-of-medical-waste-management-strategies-a-case-study-of-mwanza-district-tanzania-2

MLA 8th

Frontiers, Edu, and DAVID KULWA "Assessing the Effectiveness of Medical Waste Management Strategies; A Case Study of Mwanza District, Tanzania" Afribary. Afribary, 18 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/assessing-the-effectiveness-of-medical-waste-management-strategies-a-case-study-of-mwanza-district-tanzania-2. Accessed 06 Oct. 2022.

MLA7

Frontiers, Edu, and DAVID KULWA . "Assessing the Effectiveness of Medical Waste Management Strategies; A Case Study of Mwanza District, Tanzania". Afribary, Afribary, 18 Aug. 2022. Web. 06 Oct. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/assessing-the-effectiveness-of-medical-waste-management-strategies-a-case-study-of-mwanza-district-tanzania-2 >.

Chicago

Frontiers, Edu and KULWA, DAVID . "Assessing the Effectiveness of Medical Waste Management Strategies; A Case Study of Mwanza District, Tanzania" Afribary (2022). Accessed October 06, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/assessing-the-effectiveness-of-medical-waste-management-strategies-a-case-study-of-mwanza-district-tanzania-2