Research Papers/Topics in Environmental Health Science

FLOODING IN NIGERIAN CITIES: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS. A Case Study of Aba Urban, Abia State, Nigeria

This project work capture the causes and effects of flooding in different parts of the nation. ABSTRACT: Nigeria is the most populous Black race country in Africa and in the world with a total land area of 983,213 km2  occupied by over 160 Million people: The interaction of these millions of people with their environment has left indelible mark  on the  landscape.  Urbanization, deforestation,  flooding,  desertification, over population  and ...

Prevalence of Parasitic Eggs in Freshly Consumed Vegetables Commercially Traded in Selected Markets within the Abuja Municipal Area Council, FCT Abuja

ABSTRACTCommonly sold vegetables within the Abuja Municipal Area Council, FCT Abuja were investigated for the prevalence of parasitic eggs. A total of 225 vegetable samples were collected and investigated for the presence of these parasites using standard methods, and quite a number of them were positive. Results obtained showed the parasitic infestation rates were 71.11%, 71.11%, 68.89%, 55.55% and 20% for water leaf, green, pumpkin, lettuce and carrot respectively. The parasites encountered...

BIOSTIMULATION OF BACTERIA DEGRADATION OF CRUDE OIL POLLUTED SOIL USING PLANTAIN PEELS

Biostimulation of bacteria degradation of crude oil polluted soil using plantain peels were studied in University of Abuja permanent site. Top soil was collected randomly from different points, sieved and weighed out 3kg into each plastic bucket, and were polluted with 300ml, 250ml and 200ml on each. The plastic buckets were labeled in single form with cotton wool plugged at the base to retain the water. (A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H,I,J) with the control as J without crude oil. After 30 days, the...

Effect of EMR from Laptop on Reproductive Hormones, Sperm Quality and Prostate Specific Antigen of Male Albino Rats

ABSTRACTHumans in modern society are exposed to an ever-increasing number of electromagnetic fields (EMFs) generated from the production and supply of electricity, television sets, personal computer (PC), radio communication, and mobile communication, hence, it has become a public health issue.  This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of electromagnetic radiation (EMR) emitted from new generation laptop computers on sperm quality and reproductive hormone of male albino rats. Thi...

Cobalt Report

Cobalt is one of the natural elements that happens to be found throughout the natural environment. This natural element is present in trace amounts in sols, plants, water and our diet. When cobalt is in its pure form it is a steel-grey to black shinny hard metal. Cobalt can also exit as cobalt II and cobalt III which forms a number of both organic and inorganic salts. Cobalt in small proportion is essential to good health. Cobalt is only found in the environment in chemically bonded form...

Blowfly Debridment Therapy, its Benefits and Importance

Maggots of the green-bottle fly (Lucilia sericata or Phaenicia sericata) have been known for centuries to help heal wounds. They belong to the family Calliphoridae with about 1,100 known species. The most common areas to find the calliphoridae are China, America, Japan and Nigeria. The adults are known for being shiny with metallic coloring, have blunt mouth parts, with their antennae segmented. The larva passes through three stages before reaching adult stage. Disinfected larvae are harveste...

Practices and Knowledge of Household Residents to Lead Exposure in Indoor Environment in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

Lead has been recognized as a serious environmental pollutant known to cause health hazards to people exposed to. Human activities have spread lead widely throughout the environment; hence exposure to lead and lead chemicals occurred from environmental media. Few studies have captured the exposure of people to lead particularly in the indoor environment, thus, this study was designed to assess the practice and knowledge of household residents to lead exposure in indoor environment in Ibadan, ...

A Survey of Hand washing Behaviour and Awareness Among Health Care Workers in Health Care Facilities in Kubwa District of Bwari Area Council, FCT, Abuja, Nigeria

ABSTRACTBackgroundHand washing is the process of decontaminating the hands, a cheap and effective method of limiting the spread of nosocomial infections. Good hand hygiene involves cleansing hands in between patients or between examining an infected site and a clean body site on the same patient. Proper hand washing practice involves following the WHO accepted guidelines for hand washing. Hand washing is an effective and inexpensive way to prevent diarrhea and acute respiratory infections. Th...

Health Risk Assessment on Heavy Metals Ingestion Through Groundwater Drinking Pathway for Residents in an Oil and Gas Producing Area of Rivers State , Nigeria

In the study, health risk assessment on heavy metals ingestion was presented through the groundwater drinking pathway for residents in an oil and gas producing area of Rivers State, Nigeria. The level of the ground water pollutionwas examined, the quality of the borehole and the well water was assessedand the quality of the ground water pathway for the resident in the oil and gas producing area was determined and compared with the national and international standards for the drinking water. T...

Prevalence of Cryptosporidium Species in HIV Positive and Negative Patients Attending Hong General Hospital and Michika General Hospital, Adamawa State, Nigeria.

The study was carried out to determine the Prevalence of Cryptosporidium species in HIV Positive and Negative Patients Attending Hong General Hospital and Michika General Hospital Adamawa State, Nigeria. A total of 647 stool and blood samples were collected, 346 from Hong and 301 from Michika from both HIV positive and negative patients. The stool samples were examined for Oocysts using modified ZielhNeelson Acid Fast Stain and the blood samples for HIV confirmation test and CD4+cells count. ...

WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY 2018: BEAT PLASTIC POLLUTION

INTRODUCTION The  World  Environment  Day  is  a  day  set  aside  by  the  United  Nations  (UN)  set  aside  to encourage  worldwide  awareness  and  develop  actions/solutions  to  some  of  the  important global  environmental  issues  we  face.  It  is  celebrated  in  over  a  100  countries  and  has  been  a pivotal  platform  for  public  environmental  outreach  since  1974.  The  theme  of  this  year’s event  is  “BEAT  ...

GROUNDWATER REGULATION: A COMPARISON OF UNITED KINGDOM REGULATED PRACTICE TO UNREGULATED PRACTICE IN NIGERIA

This dissertation work examines the groundwater regulation in relation to regulated practice in United Kingdom and unregulated practice in Nigeria. The work looked at various regulations available for groundwater management, the institution that is responsible for its management, the land use practice, and its effect in order to find out   whether the practice is been controlled in any of the countries. The work recommended what Nigeria government can adopt from United Kingdom regulat...

ROLES OF WATER RESOURCES FOR SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL COMMUNITIES IN JERE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BORNO STATE

ABSTRACTThe research which is entitled the roles of water resources for socio-economic development of rural communities in jere local government area of Borno state, has the sole objective of identifying the sources of water resources of the respondents in the study area, determine the household income arising from water related activities and to identify the constraints associated with water resources in the study area. Purposive sampling method was used where out of twelve wards five wards ...

A SURVEY OF HAND WASHING BEHAVIOR AND AWARENESS AMONG HEALTHCARE WORKERS IN HEALTH CARE FACILITIES IN KUBWA DISTRICT OF BWARI AREA COUNCIL, F.C.T. ABUJA, NIGERIA.

ABSTRACTBackgroundHand washing is the process of decontaminating the hands, a cheap and effective method of limiting the spread of nosocomial infections. Good hand hygiene involves cleansing hands in between patients or between examining an infected site and a clean body site on the same patient. Proper hand washing practice involves following the WHO accepted guidelines for hand washing. Hand washing is an effective and inexpensive way to prevent diarrhea and acute respiratory infections. Th...

Determinant and Effect of Pests in Diseases Transmission Among Ibarapa East Local Government Area of Oyo State.

ABSTRACTThis project work was based on the DETERMINANT EFFECT OF PEST IN DISEASE TRANSMISSION AMONG THE INHABITANTS OF IBARAPA NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OYO STATE. Information was gathered through the use of questionnaire which was distributed and finally analyzed. This project woke has five chapters. Chapter one consists of Introduction, Background to the study, Statement of problem, Significance of the Study, Justification of the Study, Broad objectives, Specific objectives, Research q...


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