Assessment Of Stakeholder Participation In Water Resources Management In Machakos Sub-County, Machakos County, Kenya

ABSTRACT

Stakeholder participation has been shown to be an effective approach in increasing

access to safe water and sanitation in many parts of the world. This study

investigated stakeholder participation in management of water resources in

Machakos Sub-County of Machakos County, Kenya. Specifically, it sought to

assess the level of community participation in water resources management,

collaboration between stakeholders, stakeholder contribution in increasing access

to reliable water resources and the challenges facing the participatory approach of

water resources management in the Sub-County. The research design used was a

descriptive survey. The sampling techniques entailed simple random sampling and

purposive sampling. The research tools comprised household questionnaires,

interview schedules, observation record sheets and photography. A total of 217

households were selected through simple random sampling technique. The data

were analyzed statistically and findings presented using both descriptive and

inferential statistics. The study revealed that the key stakeholders in water

resources management in the Sub- County were; WRMA, NEMA, CAAC, Tana-

Athi WSB, SHGs, MWSCO, WRUAs, TARDA and private water service

providers. The results of the study showed that the mean quantity of water

available for domestic use from household constructed sources was significantly

lower than the recommended BWR of 50 litres/ person/ day ( x =29.61 litres/

person/ day, σ=19.41, p 0.05, n= 217, df=2). Further, most of the household heads

participated in community water resources management activities despite not

belonging to community- based water associations(x2= 4.564, p= 0.205, n=

217,df= 3). The study also found that there was a significant relationship between

training in water resources management and the impact one made in water

resources management activities (r= 0.427, p= 0.001, n= 217, df= 1). Those who

were trained made a greater impact. The study also established that there was a

significant association between the level of awareness among household heads and

their collaboration with water resource management institutions in the Sub-County

(x2= 46.270, p= 0.001, n= 217, df= 2). Community participation through SHGs and

WRUAs has a big potential in increasing access to reliable water resources in the

Sub-County. The water supply projects initiated by the identified SHGs resulted to

a high daily per capita water availability ( x = 37.85 litres, σ=8.807, p≤ 0.05,

df=20). Although most of the WRUAs were in the formative stages, one (Itetani)

had implemented water supply projects that raised the daily per capita water

availability for people in its sub-catchment area ( x =37.09, p˂ 0.05, σ=4.13,

df=10, n=11). Other stakeholder institutions which worked with communities and

led to an increase in water availability were SCWO, MWSCO and WRMA. The

main challenge facing the stakeholders was financial constraint. The results of this

study show that for participatory water resources management to take root in

Machakos Sub-County, various issues need to be addressed such as; strengthening

community-based water SHGs financially and technically, WRMA to fast track

capacity-building and SCMP development for WRUAs in the Sub-County,

mainstreaming the private water service providers, integration of stakeholders with

conflicting roles and awareness creation among the key stakeholders.

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APA

NGILE, M (2021). Assessment Of Stakeholder Participation In Water Resources Management In Machakos Sub-County, Machakos County, Kenya. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-stakeholder-participation-in-water-resources-management-in-machakos-sub-county-machakos-county-kenya

MLA 8th

NGILE, MWANDO "Assessment Of Stakeholder Participation In Water Resources Management In Machakos Sub-County, Machakos County, Kenya" Afribary. Afribary, 01 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-stakeholder-participation-in-water-resources-management-in-machakos-sub-county-machakos-county-kenya. Accessed 21 May. 2024.

MLA7

NGILE, MWANDO . "Assessment Of Stakeholder Participation In Water Resources Management In Machakos Sub-County, Machakos County, Kenya". Afribary, Afribary, 01 Jun. 2021. Web. 21 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-stakeholder-participation-in-water-resources-management-in-machakos-sub-county-machakos-county-kenya >.

Chicago

NGILE, MWANDO . "Assessment Of Stakeholder Participation In Water Resources Management In Machakos Sub-County, Machakos County, Kenya" Afribary (2021). Accessed May 21, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-stakeholder-participation-in-water-resources-management-in-machakos-sub-county-machakos-county-kenya