Assessment Of The Adherence To The Acceptable Hygiene And Sanitation Standards In Primary Schools. A Case Study Of Kasulu Town Council, Tanzania.

ABSTRACT

Globally, the main factors responsible for diarrhoeal disease are inadequate drinking water,

sanitation and hygiene practices. In particular. diarrhoeal disease due to inadequate water and

sanitation is one of the two most important factors in childhood mortality in low~incoine

countries. The objectives of the study were to find out the causes of poor hygiene and sanitation

in primary schools of Kasulu Town Council of Tanzania, to determine the effects of poor

hygiene and sanitation on the performance of primary schools, to find out the sanitary facilities

commonly used in maintaining proper hygiene and sanitation in primary schools and finally to

explore the strategies put in place to ensure the adherence to the acceptable standards of hygiene

and sanitation in primary schools. The study was carried in Kasulu Town council in five (5)

primary schools comprised of 117 respondents whereby simple random sampling and purposive

sampling were u~ed to select the sample. The study revealed that ignorance was the greatest

cause or challenge leading to poor hygiene and sanitation in the primary schools and surrounding

communities within the schools in Kasulu town council while lack of guidelines on sanitation

and hygiene by the ministries, parents and teachers was the least, Diarrhoea is the highest disease

caused by poor hygiene and sanitation. Absenteeism and poor performance is the other leading

effect while the least was dehydration. Waste bins are the most common hygiene and sanitary

facilities that are in all the primary schools while the least is boreholes. In general, all the sample

primary schools do not meet most of the minimum required WASH standards because of the

inadequate hygiene and sanitation facilities, lack of clean water and safe water, poor sensitization

and inadequate funding hence pose a threat to the pupils’ lives while at school. The greatest

measure put in place is sensitization of pupils, teachers and parents about the benefits of

maintaining good hygiene and sanitation while the least measure used is the implementation of

policies. Recommendations of the study are; more robust methods of sensitization and public

participation, increase the sanitary facilities and where they exist have frequent maintenance,

guidelines on WASH must be developed and emphasized, the government must allocate more

funds to the MOH and MoEVT and finally proper coordination by all the concerned parties to a schools’ hygiene and sanitation condition should be a priority.

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APA

RUHULA, S (2021). Assessment Of The Adherence To The Acceptable Hygiene And Sanitation Standards In Primary Schools. A Case Study Of Kasulu Town Council, Tanzania.. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-the-adherence-to-the-acceptable-hygiene-and-sanitation-standards-in-primary-schools-a-case-study-of-kasulu-town-council-tanzania

MLA 8th

RUHULA, SCARION "Assessment Of The Adherence To The Acceptable Hygiene And Sanitation Standards In Primary Schools. A Case Study Of Kasulu Town Council, Tanzania." Afribary. Afribary, 03 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-the-adherence-to-the-acceptable-hygiene-and-sanitation-standards-in-primary-schools-a-case-study-of-kasulu-town-council-tanzania. Accessed 19 May. 2024.

MLA7

RUHULA, SCARION . "Assessment Of The Adherence To The Acceptable Hygiene And Sanitation Standards In Primary Schools. A Case Study Of Kasulu Town Council, Tanzania.". Afribary, Afribary, 03 Jun. 2021. Web. 19 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-the-adherence-to-the-acceptable-hygiene-and-sanitation-standards-in-primary-schools-a-case-study-of-kasulu-town-council-tanzania >.

Chicago

RUHULA, SCARION . "Assessment Of The Adherence To The Acceptable Hygiene And Sanitation Standards In Primary Schools. A Case Study Of Kasulu Town Council, Tanzania." Afribary (2021). Accessed May 19, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-the-adherence-to-the-acceptable-hygiene-and-sanitation-standards-in-primary-schools-a-case-study-of-kasulu-town-council-tanzania