Research Papers/Topics in Environment And Resource Management

Sustainable Utilization Of Woodfuel In Selected Rural Sites Of Mwala Sub-County, Machakos County, Kenya

ABSTRACTMany of the rural households use traditional stoves which have low energy efficiencyleading to wastage of wood fuel. This study focused on understanding the sustainableutilization of wood fuel in two (2) sub-locations namely Mwala and Kibauni. Theprimary objective of this study was to establish if wood fuel utilization styles by thehouseholds in the study areas is sustainable. The specific objectives of the study were to:document the types of cooking stoves used by households in the s...

Challenges Facing Indigenous Chicken Production And Adoption Levels Of Biosecurity Measures In Selected Areas Of Makueni County, Kenya

ABSTRACTAnnually Kenya produces about 20 million tons of poultry meat worth KES 3.5 billionand 1.3 billion eggs worth KES 9.7 billion. However Indigenous chicken productivity hasstagnated due to limited transfer and adoption of improved technologies such asbiosecurity practices by rural households. The productivity of Indigenous chicken hasbeen decreasing in Makueni County despite development agencies, both national andinternational and county government investing heavily in chicken enterpris...

Suitability Of Athi River Water For Irrigation Within Athi River Town And Its Environs

ABSTRACTThe main aim of this study was to assess the suitability of the Athi River water for irrigation in Athi River area and its environs. The study area was within Athi River and Muthwani ward within Mavoko Constituency and in Machakos County, Kenya. Seven sampling points were selected along the study transect (about 8 km) and sampling was done once every week from 21st January to 6th March 2015 (dry season). The water samples collected were analyzed for selected physico-chemical and bacte...

Effects Of Foliar Fertilizer Application Rates On Productivity Of Selected Bean (Phaseolus Vulgaris L.) Varieties

AbstractFood security is a global problem despite the many efforts put to produce enough food to feed the ever rising global population. Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L) is an important crop for food security and provision of proteins for poor households in sub Saharan Africa. In arid and semi-arid lands, beans are very important for they play a major role in food security and nutrition. However, its production in ASALs is constrained by erratic rainfall, moisture deficit, low nutrients upt...

Assessing The Role Of Eco-Rating Certification Scheme In Promoting Responsible Tourism

ABSTRACTMass tourism as the dominant form of tourism practice has for decades caused environmental, socio-economic and cultural impacts to tourist destinations. Responsible tourism which is underpinned by sound environmental, social and economic principles, offers a way to mitigate the impacts of conventional tourism. Certification as a toolhelps set standards, put benchmarks to be met by tourism actors and has been one of the strategies used to reduce these impacts. Certification is believed...

Influence Of Light Pollution And Biodiversity Awareness On Hawkmoth (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) Diversity And Abundance In Selected Sites In Kenya

ABSTRACTLight pollution is a key biodiversity threat and is defined as one of the global environmental problems threatening key species to extinction and posing a major challenge to biodiversity conservation. The absence of stringent law, good practice and nonexistent environmental standards on light pollution has been a major drawback to management of its effects on biodiversity. This study sought to establish the influence of light pollution and biodiversity awareness on hawkmoth diversity ...

Assessment Of Land Use And Land Cover Change In Makueni County For Selected Time Periods

ABSTRACTThe surface of the earth is undergoing rapid land use and land cover changes (LULCC) due to various socio-economic activities and natural phenomena. The main aim of this study was to gain a quantitative understanding of LULCC in Makueni County between 2000 and 2016, and analyze the relationship between these changes and their possible underlying drivers in the County. ArcGIS 10.3.1 and ERDAS IMAGINE 2014 were used for the digital image processing and GIS analyses. Image pre-processing...

Land User Based Land Degradation And Livelihoods Assessment: Application In Sustainable Management Of Lake Naivasha -Kenya

ABSTRACTThe study was carried out to determine the effectiveness of using a land user based land degradation and livelihood assessment approach, with the overall aim of improving the sustainable management of Lake Naivasha. The study focused on two sub-catchments of Wanjohi and Turasha within the Lake Basin. A cross-sectional survey was selected for this study to allow for triangulation on information collected and to be able to infer the results from the sample to the larger population. The ...

Effect Of Moisture Content And Temperature On Viability, Vigour And Longevity Of Cordia Sinensis Lam. Seeds In Storage

xivABSTRACTCordia sinensis Lam. in the family Boraginaceae is a popular indigenous multipurpose tree speciesvalued for fodder, fruit, structural timber and fuel wood. It is widely distributed in the arid and semiaridlands (ASALs) of Kenya. Production of seedlings is through seeds. There are challengesacquiring viable and vigorous Cordia sinensis seeds for raising planting materials due to difficultiesin post-harvest storage. In spite of the tree‟s exceptional multipurpose qualities and abil...

Effects Of Land Degradation On Agricultural Land Use: A Case Study Of Smallholder Farmers Indigenous Knowledge On Land Use Planning And Management In Kalama Division, Machakos County

ABSTRACTThe aim of this study was to investigate the effects of land degradation on agricultural land use, planning and management in Kalama Division, Machakos County; and specifically determined farmers’ considerations of land suitability for selected types of agricultural land uses in varying cropping zones, investigated farmers’ local environmental knowledge of land degradation indicators and finally documented farmers’ land management strategies and practices for soil and water cons...

Effects Of Agroecosystem Land Use On The Diversity, Abundance, And Ecosystem Functions Of Insect Pollinators Of Passion (Passiflora Edulis) Crop

xviABSTRACTWorldwide, crops that require wild pollinators are showing a deficiency of pollinationand genetic variation. In the recent past, studies show that there has been a steadydecline in production of passion fruits in Kenya. In this study, the major objective wasto investigate factors causing the decline of passion fruit production using ecosystemconcepts, agricultural practices and social-ecological factors using the case scenarioof Mua hills in Machakos County.The study was carried ou...

An Assessment Of Adoption Of Tissue Culture Bananas In The Semi-Arid Areas Of Lower Eastern Region Of Kenya

ABSTRACTThe importance of bananas cannot be underestimated worldwide. The main study objective was to assess the adoption and commercialization of tissue culture bananas in the riverine areas of the semi-arid areas of Lower Eastern region of Kenya. The specific objectives included determining respondents socio-economic, environmental and policy factors affecting adoption of tissue culture bananas in the region. This study was necessary due to the fact that there were many production gaps that...

Water Pollution In A Riparian Community: The Case Of River Athi In Makueni County, Kenya

vABSTRACTThe aim of this study was to determine the effects of water pollution on riparian community along River Athi in Makueni County. Specific objectives included; documenting the causes of pollution of the River Athi in Kathonzweni Sub County, to establish the health effects resulting from the pollution of the River Athi and finally to assess and document interventions put in place by the government and residents in the study area to control the pollution of the River Athi. Data was colle...

Assessment Of Environmental Management Practices Amongst Tobacco Farmers In Kuria West Sub-County, Migori County

ABSTRACTKenya is one of the tobacco growing countries in Africa with most tobacco being produced in South Nyanza, Eastern and Western parts of Kenya. Despite the increasing deterioration of the environment caused by tobacco farming, very little is known about the measures in place to manage the situation. It is not clear to what extent the environmental management practices are employed in tobacco growing zones.Furthermore, it is not known how widespread the environmental degradation and envi...

Drought and El Nino Phases in Zimbabwe

ABSTRACTThe desk study was carried out to assess the frequency of drought associated with the various phases of the El Nino. Southern Oscillation index values were analysed to determine El Nino or la nina years. Three meteorological definitions of drought were used to establish one which correlates best with the el nino or la nina years.


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