Assessment of the Effects of Environmental Degradation in Ishaka Division, Bushenyi Municipality

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

DECLARATION ..........................................................................................................................................i

SUPERVISOR’S APPROVAL................................................................................................................ ii

DEDICATION........................................................................................................................................... iii

ACKNOWLEDEMENTS ............................................................................................................................. iv

TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................................................................................... v

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS................................................................................................................ vii

DEFNITION OF TERMS......................................................................................................................viii

LIST OF TABLES ....................................................................................................................................... ix

ABSTRACT ............................................................................................................................................... x

CHAPTER ONE .........................................................................................................................................1

1.0 INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................................1

1.1 BACKGROUND ...............................................................................................................................1

1.2 PROBLEM STATEMENT...................................................................................................................3

1.3 STUDY JUSTIFICATION....................................................................................................................4

1.4 STUDY OBJECTIVES.........................................................................................................................4

1.4.1 BROAD OBJECTIVE...................................................................................................................4

1.4.2 SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES...............................................................................................................4

1.4.3 RESEARCH QUESTIONS............................................................................................................4

1.5 SCOPE OF THE STUDY ..............................................................................................................4

1.5.1 TIME SCOPE.........................................................................................................................4

1.5.2 GEOGRAPHICAL SCOPE.....................................................................................................5

1.6 CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK...................................................................................................5

CHAPTER TWO ........................................................................................................................................6

LITERATURE REVIEW................................................................................................................................6

2.0 INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................................6

2.1 EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION ...............................................................................7

2.2 ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION. ...............................................................................................8

CHAPTER THREE .................................................................................................................................... 10

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY ............................................................................................................... 10

3.0 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................... 10

3.1 STUDY AREAS............................................................................................................................... 10

vi

3.2 STUDY DESIGN............................................................................................................................. 10

3.3STUDY POPULATION ..................................................................................................................... 10

3.4 SAMPLE SIZE DETERMINATION..................................................................................................... 10

3.5 SAMPLING METHOD .................................................................................................................... 11

3.6 INCLUSION CRITERIA.................................................................................................................... 11

3.6 EXCLUSION CRITERIA ................................................................................................................... 11

3.7 DATA COLLECTION PROCEDURE................................................................................................... 11

3.8 DATA MANAGEMENT................................................................................................................... 11

3.8 DATA ANALYSIS AND PRESENTATION PLAN.................................................................................. 11

3.9 ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS .......................................................................................................... 12

3.10 STUDY LIMITATIONS .................................................................................................................. 12

CHAPTER FOUR................................................................................................................................. 13

RESULT PRESENTATION.................................................................................................................. 13

4.1 DEMOGRAPHIC INFORMATION. ........................................................................................... 13

4.2 EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION. .............................................................. 14

4.3 WAYS OF CONSERVING THE ENVIRONMENT. ................................................................... 15

CHAPTER FIVE........................................................................................................................................ 16

5.0 INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................................... 16

5.1 EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL DERADATION KNOWN................................................... 16

5.2 HOW PEOPLE CAN PRESERVE THEIR ENVIRONMENT...................................................... 16

CONCLUSION......................................................................................................................................... 17

RECOMMENDATION.............................................................................................................................. 17

APPENDIX 1: INFORMED CONSENT FORM.......................................................................................... 18

APPENDIX 2: QUESTIONNAIRE ........................................................................................................... 19

APPENDIX III: ..................................................................................................................................... 22

MAP OF BUSHENYI DISTRICT.............................................................................................................. 22

MAP OF UGANDA SHOWING THE LOCATION OF BUSHENYI DISTRICT.............................. 23

APPENDIX 5: REFERENCES........................................................................................................... 24

ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION; Environmental degradation is the deterioration of the environment through depletion of natural resources such as air, water and soil; the destruction of ecosystems and the extinction of wildlife. STUDY OBJECTIVE; The main objective of the study was to assess the effects of environmental degradation in Ishaka division, Bushenyi municipality. METHOD; A cross sectional study was employed for collecting information in the study areas whereby various parts of the study area were visited at a time. RESULTS;From the study which involved 396 participants.199(50.3%) participants agreed that deforestation is an effect of environmental degradation.210(53%) agreed that air pollution is an effect of environmental degradation.200(50.5%) participants agreed that water pollution is an effect of environmental degradation. 240(60.6%) participants agreed that water scanty is an effect of environmental degradation.160(40%) participants agreed that solid and hazardous waste exposure is a result of environmental degradation.212(53.5%) participants agreed that soil degradation is an effect of environmental degradation.150(37.8%) agreed that there was loss of biodiversity and 216(54.5%) agreed that there was atmospheric changes due to environmental degradation.197(50%) participants agreed that planting trees is one of the ways of conserving the environment.200(50.5%) participants agreed thatproper waste disposal is also one way of conserving the environment.213(54%) participants agreed that recycling of materials is also a way of conserving the environment. RECOMMENDATION;this study recommends more information environmental degradation provided to increase awareness and promote safe practice on land use. Also, more effort is required on community sensitization about the outcomes of destructive practices on the environment. CONCLUSION;From the study average number(more than 50%) of people know the effects of environmental degradation and more than 50% also know on how to conserve the environment but environmental degradation still remains a challenge in our country especially in rural communities despite the interventions put in place against it. These interventions have been negatively influenced by the people’s attitude and practices.

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APA

DENIS, K (2022). Assessment of the Effects of Environmental Degradation in Ishaka Division, Bushenyi Municipality. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-the-effects-of-environmental-degradation-in-ishaka-division-bushenyi-municipality

MLA 8th

DENIS, KOMAKECH "Assessment of the Effects of Environmental Degradation in Ishaka Division, Bushenyi Municipality" Afribary. Afribary, 19 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-the-effects-of-environmental-degradation-in-ishaka-division-bushenyi-municipality. Accessed 06 Feb. 2023.

MLA7

DENIS, KOMAKECH . "Assessment of the Effects of Environmental Degradation in Ishaka Division, Bushenyi Municipality". Afribary, Afribary, 19 Aug. 2022. Web. 06 Feb. 2023. < https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-the-effects-of-environmental-degradation-in-ishaka-division-bushenyi-municipality >.

Chicago

DENIS, KOMAKECH . "Assessment of the Effects of Environmental Degradation in Ishaka Division, Bushenyi Municipality" Afribary (2022). Accessed February 06, 2023. https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-the-effects-of-environmental-degradation-in-ishaka-division-bushenyi-municipality