Research Papers/Topics in Clinical Tropical Medicine

Factors Affecting Provision Of Safe Water Supply In Kanyakwar Sublocation Kisumu Municipality Kisumu District Kenya

Table of ContentsDeclaration ......................................................................................................................................... iiDedication ......................................................................................................................................... iiiAcknowledgements ........................................................................................................................... ivList of Abbreviations ..............

To Establish The Causes Of Under-five Mortality At Kampala International Universtiy Teaching Hospital

Child mortality rate is the highest in low-income countries, such as countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (UNICEF 2012). In 2011, 6.9 million children under five died (UN 2012), down from 7.6 million in 2010, 8.1 million in 2009, and 12.4 million in 1990 (UNICEF 2011). About half of child deaths occur in Sub-Saharan Africa. Reduction of child mortality is the fourth United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals: the goal is to reduce under-five mortality by twothirds between 1900 and 2015. O...

Prevalence And Associated Risk Factors Of Hypertension And Diabetes Coexistence Among Hypertensive And Diabetic Patients Attending Mitooma Hciv.

Hypertension and diabetes are important worldwide public-health challenge and because of their increasing coexistence in the population, they are major modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular and kidney disease The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors for hypertension diabetes coexistence among hypertensive and diabetic patients attending Mitooma HCIV. This was a cross-sectional study designed that was carried out at Mitooma hea...

Prevalence Of Malaria Among Pregnant Mothers Admitted To Arua Regional Referral Hospital Maternity Ward

As many as 3 billion people in endemic areas are at risk of malaria and ̴500 million clinical cases occur annually (Michael etal, 2011). Between 1 and 3 million annually, largely African infants and young children. Malaria, a protozoan infection transmitted by anopheles mosquitoes, is the most important parasitic disease of humans.The year 2010 was the date set to achieve universal coverage for all populations at risk of malaria using locally appropriate interventions for...

Antibiotic Susceptibility Profile Of Enteric Bacterial Isolates From Stool In Children Below Five Years With Diarrhoeal Disease In Muranga County, Kenya

AbstractDiarrhoea is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Bacterial agents are among pathogens implicated to cause diarrhoea in children and are of major concern in public health. Antibiotic use has paradoxically led to bacterial resistance and the situation continues to worsen. The main objective of the study, therefore, was to determine enteric bacterial isolates and their susceptibility to antibiotics from diarrhoeal stool samples among children below five year...

Immunogenicity Of 10-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Among Infants At Mbagathi District Hospita, Kenya

ABSTRACTPneumococcal diseases are responsible for killing at least one million children under the age of five every year: over 70% of these deaths are in developing countries. This total is greater than that due to malaria, AIDS and measles combined. Streptococcus pneumoniae has over 90 serotypes, out of which eight are included in the 10-valent Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (Synflorix) currently in use in Kenya. Pneumococci are highly diverse and serotype prevalence is dynamic based on age,...

Patients’ Perception Of Etiology, Prevention And Treatment For Tuberculosis, A Survey Of Tuberculosis Patients Seen At A Rural District Hospital In Enugu State

ABSTRACTTuberculosis is described as a global emergency and it is found more indeveloping countries. For this reason, a descriptive cross-sectional survey wasconducted among TB patients seen at District Hospital Enugu Ezike, EnuguState. The objectives of the study were: to assess the level of knowledge of therespondents about the cause of tuberculosis, to assess the level of knowledge ofpreventive practices on tuberculosis among the respondents and to assess thelevel of knowledge of com...

Acute Renal Failure In A Caucasian Traveler With Severe Malaria: A Case Report

AbstractIntroduction Malaria is an Italian word composed of “mala” and “aria”, derived from malus (bad) and aeris (air). It is a disease caused by a protozoan parasite of the genus Plasmodium, namely, P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. malariae, and P. ovale, while P. Knowles commonly affects nonhuman primates [1]. The parasite is transmitted by an infected female Anopheles mosquito. The disease remains to be the major cause of morbidity and mortality in many tropical developing coun...

Assessments Of Liver Enzymes (Ast, Alt And Alp) Activity In Sudanese Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

AbstractThis is a case control study carried out to assess the activity of aspartateaminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase and alkaline phosphataes (AST, ALTand ALP) liver enzymes. The study was conducted in Omdurman TeachingHospital from August to October 2014. A hundred type 2 diabetic patients andforty apparently healthy individuals were included in the study. Age of selectedgroup ranged between 30−60 years, both males and females were included. Fiveml of venous blood was colle...

Molecular Aspects Of Variegate Porphyria In South Africa And Their Biochemical And Clinical Conseqltences

ABSTRACTVariegate porphyria (VP) is the clinical disorder associated with. a deficiency of the haemsynthesisingenzyme protoporphyrinogen oxidase of the commonestmonogenic inherited disorders in South Africa. The chmcal effects mclu~e p~otocutaneoussensitivity and the development of potentially life-threatening ~cute porp?ync cnses. . .Section 1 of this dissertation examines the molecular basIS for VP m South Africa. It ISshown to be a genetically heterogeneous disorder. The identifica...

The Role Of Sublethal Stress On Mithochondria And The Development Of Cardic Proconditioning

ABSTRACTThe copyright of this thesis vests in the author. Noquotation from it or information derived from it is to bepublished without full acknowledgement of the source.The thesis is to be used for private study or noncommercialresearch purposes only.Published by the University of Cape Town (UCT) in terms of the non-exclusive license granted to UCT by the authorFIELD

Repair, By-Pass And Replacement In The Urinary Tract

CONTENTSIntroduction • . . . . . . . • . • . . . . • . . . Page 1Acknowledgements . • . . . . . • • . . . . . . . 3SECTION A - REPAIR :1 • Ureteric injury in obstetrics and surgery.Contents . • • . . . • . . . . . • . • iiiText . . . . . . . . . . . . • . • • . • . 5Case records 1 to 19 . • . • . . . . • . . . 17Bibliography 1 - 68 . • • . • . . • • . . • b.12. Transuretero-ureterostomy in ureteric repair.Contents . . . . • . . . . . . . ....


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