HIV and AIDS is one of the most widespread and devastating epidemic with global
public health implications in the 21st century and Ghana as a nation, is not an exception.
Several studies in Ghana suggest that HIV and AIDS related stigma and discrimination
has been the bane of fighting the reduction and elimination of HIV and AIDS.
Such issues like nondisclosure, public outcry, and social exclusion constitute a basic
problem so far as the disease is concerned. This study therefore tends to look into stigma
and discrimination and for that matter, the influence of the beliefs and practices and
socio-demographic characteristics of the Moslems on their attitudes towards PLWHAs
within this catchment area.
To achieve its objective, the study employed the cross sectional survey research design.
With the aid of structured interview schedules as well as the multi stage, incidental and
purposive sampling techniques, the primary data was gathered from 300 (178 males and
122 females) Moslem respondents from three sampled districts namely Wa Municipality,
Wa West and Sissala East. Pearson correlation co efficient and the chi square test
statistics as well as descriptive statistics (mean scores, standard deviation, frequency
counts, percentages and cross tables) were also employed to check and analyse
significance, the extent of relationship and or influence.
The major findings of the study were that Moslems’ attitude towards PLWHAs was
positive and to a large extent influenced by their beliefs and practices as enshrined in the
Quran and Hadith. Among the four constructs of religious, social, economic and
political, the most discriminatory was that of social engagement (x̅= 3.60; sd= 1.13).
There was also a significant relationship between the socio-demographic or personal
characteristics (sex, age and educational background) of the Moslems and their attitudes
towards PLWHAs in relation to religious, social, economic and political engagement.
The Moslems in the Upper West region will not disclose their HIV and AIDS status ( x̅=
2.79; sd= 1.33) despite their religious beliefs and practices for fear of discrimination and
To help minimise the negative impact of HIV and AIDS related stigma and
discrimination, the study recommended that Moslem leaders’ teachings should be
centered on what Islam espouses on attitudes towards the sick and vulnerable,
especially PLWHAs. Another recommendation of the study was that adult education
institutions (National Commission on Civic Education, Institute of Local Government
Studies, Department of Adult Education of the University of Ghana and the District
Assemblies) should organise training programmes to educate and sensitise religious
leaders, tutors and students of Islamic educational institutions to enable them accept the
sick, especially PLWHAs. It is also recommended by the study that Moslem leaders,
National Commission on Civic Education and District assemblies should organise
education and training programmes for Moslem communities to help reduce HIV and
AIDS related stigma and discrimination.
Edu, F (2021). Attitudes of Moslems on HIV Related Stigma And Discrimination in Upper West Region of Ghana. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 10, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/attitudes-of-moslems-on-hiv-related-stigma-and-discrimination-in-upper-west-region-of-ghana
Frontiers, Edu. "Attitudes of Moslems on HIV Related Stigma And Discrimination in Upper West Region of Ghana" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 08 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/attitudes-of-moslems-on-hiv-related-stigma-and-discrimination-in-upper-west-region-of-ghana . Accessed 10 Apr. 2021.
Frontiers, Edu. "Attitudes of Moslems on HIV Related Stigma And Discrimination in Upper West Region of Ghana". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 08 Apr. 2021. Web. 10 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/attitudes-of-moslems-on-hiv-related-stigma-and-discrimination-in-upper-west-region-of-ghana >.
Frontiers, Edu. "Attitudes of Moslems on HIV Related Stigma And Discrimination in Upper West Region of Ghana" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 10, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/attitudes-of-moslems-on-hiv-related-stigma-and-discrimination-in-upper-west-region-of-ghana