Awareness and Access to Educational Broadcasting Programmes among Secondary school students in Egbeda Community, Lagos

Martins Omonayin 99 PAGES (24099 WORDS) Dissertation
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ABSTRACT


Educational broadcasting policy has been successfully used for diffusing education among audience in so many countries across the world. It is a policy that has been adjudged effective in bridging the gap between the classroom and home, and an effective alternative for the deprived and unreached. Just like many other nations, Nigeria in the past had an effective educational broadcasting policy that facilitated the production and transmission of educational programmes to schools and homes. However, currently there is a drastic decline in such programme on broadcast media despite the media growth and development in the country. Therefore, the decline in educational programmes and incessant failure recorded in senior secondary school examinations in the country necessitated an investigation into awareness and access to educational broadcasting programmes among secondary school students in Egbeda community in Lagos. Five research questions were examined which included: Are the secondary school students in Egbeda aware of educational broadcasting programmes? What are the types of educational programmes the students are exposed to? Where do the students access educational programmes most on broadcast media? Which media do the students prefer to access educational programmes from? What is the level of the students’ interest in educational programmes? The theories adopted for the study were McQuaill’s Development Media theory which proposes among others that the media should  be used to carry out certain development tasks in the society; while Agenda Setting theory assumes that the media determine what the audience or masses consider as important topic; and Selectivity theory explains the process of communication or message reception by the audience, of which emphasis was placed on selective exposure which says the audience or individual determines which media or information to expose itself that suits its predisposition. A survey of 300 secondary school students with questionnaire administered to them was used to gather the data to answer the research questions. The data were analysed and presented using statistical table, frequency, percentage and graphs. The findings revealed that: Most of the students are aware of educational programmes on broadcast stations in Lagos; and most of them do access the programmes but irregularly; most of them are exposed to the informal type of educational broadcasting; most of the students access the programmes on television and prefer the television as the medium for the programmes; and there is high interest in educational programmes among the students, with a strong desire for more attention to be given to producing more of them and the establishment of dedicated radio and television stations for educational programmes. Therefore, the study concluded that there is high awareness of educational broadcasting programmes but inadequate and irregular access to the programmes among the secondary school students in Egbeda community, Lagos.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

       Pages

Title Page i

Declaration ii

Certification iii

Dedication iv

Acknowledgements v

Abstract viii

Table of Contents ix

List of Tables x

List of Figures xi


CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study 1  

Statement of the Problem 7

Purpose of the study 9

Research Objectives 9

Research Questions 10

Scope of the Study 10

Significance of the Study 10

Limitations to the Study 11

Definition of Terms 11

References 13


CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW

Conceptual Review 14

Empirical Review 35

Theoretical Framework 48

References 50





CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY

Research Design 53

Research Method 53

Study Population 54

Sample Size 54

Sampling Technique 55

Method of Data Collection/Instrument 55

Data Presentation and Analysis Procedure 55

Validity and Reliability 56

References 57


CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

Data Presentation and Analysis 58

Discussion of Findings 72

References 75


CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Summary 79

Conclusion 77

Recommendations 80

Recommendations for Further Studies 81


Bibliography 82

Appendix 86

LIST OF TABLES

            Pages


Table 1: Demographic table 58

Table 2: Broadcast media the respondents use most 59

Table 3: Frequency of respondents’ listening and viewing of

broadcast media 59

Table 4: The programmes respondents do access on radio and television 59

Table 5: Respondents’ knowledge of the availability of educational programmes           on radio and television stations in Lagos 60

Table 6: Respondents’ knowledge of the availability of educational programmes          on radio and television stations in Lagos 61

Table 7: The broadcast media that air the educational programmes that the               respondents access 63

Table 8:          Frequency of broadcast of educational programmes                                      65

Table 9: Frequency of respondents’ access of educational programmes on             radio and television 65

Table 10: Broadcast medium that airs educational the programmes most 66

Table 11: Respondents’ preference of broadcast media for accessing educational programmes 66

Table 12: Respondents who found the educational programmes interesting 67

Table 13: Respondents that learn from the educational programmes 67

Table 14: Respondents’ rating of the effectiveness of the educational programmes          as teaching and learning tools 68

Table 15: Respondents’ interest in more educational programmes on broadcast stations 68

Table 16: Respondents’ preference for a broadcast station dedicated to                educational programmes only 69

Table 17: Respondents’ views on the need for broadcast organisations,                   especially government-owned broadcast stations to pay more                       attention to educational programmes 70

Table 18: Respondents who commented 70



LIST OF FIGURES

      Pages


Figure 1: Programmes respondents access on radio and television 60


Figure 2: Types of educational programmes the respondents are exposed to 61


Figure 3: Names of the educational programmes the respondents 

access on radio or television stations. 62


Figure 4: Broadcast stations that transmit the educational programmes 64



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APA

Martins, O (2019). Awareness and Access to Educational Broadcasting Programmes among Secondary school students in Egbeda Community, Lagos. Afribary.com: Retrieved November 22, 2019, from https://afribary.com/works/awareness-and-access-to-educational-broadcasting-programmes-among-secondary-school-students-in-egbeda-community-lagos

MLA 8th

Omonayin, Martins. "Awareness and Access to Educational Broadcasting Programmes among Secondary school students in Egbeda Community, Lagos" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 29 Oct. 2019, https://afribary.com/works/awareness-and-access-to-educational-broadcasting-programmes-among-secondary-school-students-in-egbeda-community-lagos . Accessed 22 Nov. 2019.

MLA7

Omonayin, Martins. "Awareness and Access to Educational Broadcasting Programmes among Secondary school students in Egbeda Community, Lagos". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 29 Oct. 2019. Web. 22 Nov. 2019. < https://afribary.com/works/awareness-and-access-to-educational-broadcasting-programmes-among-secondary-school-students-in-egbeda-community-lagos >.

Chicago

Omonayin, Martins. "Awareness and Access to Educational Broadcasting Programmes among Secondary school students in Egbeda Community, Lagos" Afribary.com (2019). Accessed November 22, 2019. https://afribary.com/works/awareness-and-access-to-educational-broadcasting-programmes-among-secondary-school-students-in-egbeda-community-lagos