Beyond sperm and male accessory gland proteins: Exploring insect reproductive metabolomes

Abstract:

Insect seminal fluid, the non-sperm component of the ejaculate, comprises a variegated set of molecules, including, but not limited to, lipids, proteins, carbohydrates, salts,hormones, nucleic acids, and vitamins. The identity and functional role of seminal fluid proteins (SFPs) have been widely investigated, in multiple species. However, most of the other small molecules in insect ejaculates remain uncharacterized. Metabolomics is currently adopted to deepen our understanding of complex biological processes and in the last 15years has been applied to answer different physiological questions. Technological advances in high-throughput methods for metabolite identification such as mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) are now coupled to an expanded bioinformatics toolbox for large-scale data analysis. These improvements allow for the processing of smaller-sized samples and for the identification of hundreds to thousands of metabolites, not only in Drosophila melanogaster but also in disease vectors, animal,and agricultural pests. In this review, we provide an overview of the studies that adopted metabolomics-based approaches in insects, with a particular focus on the reproductive tract (RT) of both sexes and the ejaculate. Progress in the field of metabolomics will contribute not only to achieve a deeper understanding of the composition of insect ejaculates and how they are affected by endogenous and exogenous factors, but also to provide increasingly powerful tools to decipher the identity and molecular interactions between males and females during and after mating
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APA

Scolari, F (2024). Beyond sperm and male accessory gland proteins: Exploring insect reproductive metabolomes. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/beyond-sperm-and-male-accessory-gland-proteins-exploring-insect-reproductive-metabolomes

MLA 8th

Scolari, Francesca "Beyond sperm and male accessory gland proteins: Exploring insect reproductive metabolomes" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/beyond-sperm-and-male-accessory-gland-proteins-exploring-insect-reproductive-metabolomes. Accessed 18 May. 2024.

MLA7

Scolari, Francesca . "Beyond sperm and male accessory gland proteins: Exploring insect reproductive metabolomes". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 18 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/beyond-sperm-and-male-accessory-gland-proteins-exploring-insect-reproductive-metabolomes >.

Chicago

Scolari, Francesca . "Beyond sperm and male accessory gland proteins: Exploring insect reproductive metabolomes" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 18, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/beyond-sperm-and-male-accessory-gland-proteins-exploring-insect-reproductive-metabolomes