Bismuth Oxy-halide (BiOBrmI(1-m)) solid solutions for the photodegradation of methylene blue dye under solar and UV-light irradiation.

Abstract:

Continuous discharge of textile wastes such as dyes into the water bodies deteriorates the

quality of water. Therefore, the removal of these materials from the wastewater should be a

priority due to their carcinogenic properties, which pose a health hazard to both human beings

and aquatic life. The use of advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) for example heterogeneous

photocatalysis has been broadly studied due to their efficacy in the removal of such organic

contaminants. Engineering of the bandgap via doping is among the strategies for enhancing the

photocatalytic performance of the nanomaterials and the fact that bismuth oxy-halide (BiOM,

(M = Br, Cl, I)) can be modified to form solid solutions make them suitable candidates for this

study. This dissertation describes the synthesis, characterization, and applicability of BiOBrmI(1-

m)solid solutions materials. The materials were prepared through a simple hydrothermal method

at 160 °C. The applicability of the prepared materials was examined through the photocatalytic

degradation of Methylene blue (MB) dye under solar and UV-light irradiation.

The particle size and morphology of the synthesized solid solutions were obtained by scanning

electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM), respectively. X-ray

diffractometer (XRD) patterns revealed the structural features of the prepared materials. The

optical properties such as absorption edge, energy bandgap, and photodegradation studies were

obtained by the UV-Vis spectrophotometer. The Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) was applied

to determine the surface area and the pore size distribution of the materials. Vibrational modes

of the materials were determined using Raman spectroscopy. From SEM analysis, BiOBr

displayed ultrathin plates-like structures that are large and thick with variable dimensions.

BiOBr0.2I0.8, BiOBr0.4I0.6, BiOBr0.6I0.4, and BiOBr0.8I0.2 showed flake-like structures as the

morphology, whereas BiOI displayed flower-like structures as the morphology. The formation

of flakes and flower-like structure is due to the microplates undergoing self-assembly to form

3-dimensional structures. Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDAX) study confirmed the

existence of Bi, O, Br, and I. The XRD peaks corresponding to (102) planes shifted to the lower

diffraction angle with an increase in the composition of iodide.

From the optical properties analysis, the bandgap was tailored from 2.59 to 1.96 eV via doping.

The BET surface area of BiOBr, BiOBr0.6I0.4, and BiOI was found to be 0.517, 3.249, and 1.890

xvii

m2

/g, respectively. The photodegradation of MB was monitored through color and COD

reduction. After 3 h of solar and UV irradiation, the degradation efficiencies over BiOBr0.6I0.4

were 99 and 88%, respectively. The stability of the BiOBrmI(1-m) solid solution was revealed

by the reusability of BiOBr0.6I0.4 for 5 cycles with degradation percentage decreasing to 82%

after the 5

th cycle. From the scavenging experiment, it was confirmed that superoxide (O2

⁻)

and photogenerated holes (h+

) were liable for the degradation of MB. From the study, it can be

established that bismuth oxyhalide solid solution is an effective material in the treatment of MB

under irradiation from solar and UV-light and thus holds huge promise in environmental

remediation.

Subscribe to access this work and thousands more
Overall Rating

0

5 Star
(0)
4 Star
(0)
3 Star
(0)
2 Star
(0)
1 Star
(0)
APA

Ouko, G (2024). Bismuth Oxy-halide (BiOBrmI(1-m)) solid solutions for the photodegradation of methylene blue dye under solar and UV-light irradiation.. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/bismuth-oxy-halide-biobrmi-1-m-solid-solutions-for-the-photodegradation-of-methylene-blue-dye-under-solar-and-uv-light-irradiation

MLA 8th

Ouko, Gembo "Bismuth Oxy-halide (BiOBrmI(1-m)) solid solutions for the photodegradation of methylene blue dye under solar and UV-light irradiation." Afribary. Afribary, 30 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/bismuth-oxy-halide-biobrmi-1-m-solid-solutions-for-the-photodegradation-of-methylene-blue-dye-under-solar-and-uv-light-irradiation. Accessed 22 May. 2024.

MLA7

Ouko, Gembo . "Bismuth Oxy-halide (BiOBrmI(1-m)) solid solutions for the photodegradation of methylene blue dye under solar and UV-light irradiation.". Afribary, Afribary, 30 Mar. 2024. Web. 22 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/bismuth-oxy-halide-biobrmi-1-m-solid-solutions-for-the-photodegradation-of-methylene-blue-dye-under-solar-and-uv-light-irradiation >.

Chicago

Ouko, Gembo . "Bismuth Oxy-halide (BiOBrmI(1-m)) solid solutions for the photodegradation of methylene blue dye under solar and UV-light irradiation." Afribary (2024). Accessed May 22, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/bismuth-oxy-halide-biobrmi-1-m-solid-solutions-for-the-photodegradation-of-methylene-blue-dye-under-solar-and-uv-light-irradiation