Buildings Maintenance Cost

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. 2

LIST OF FIGURES. 5

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION.. 6

1.1       BACKGROUND.. 6

1.2       BUILDING MAINTENANCE OVERVIEW... 7

1.3       OBJECTIVES OF THE RESEARCH.. 10

1.4       RESEARCH METHODOLOGY.. 10

1.5       LITERATURE REVIEW... 11

CHAPTER TWO: BUILDING MAINTENANCE COST CONCEPT.. 14

2.1       CLASSIFYING MAINTENANCE COST. 14

2.2       CONTROLLING MAINTENANCE COST. 18

2.3       DECISION INCURRING MAINTENANCE EXPENDITURE. 21

2.4       INEFFECTIVE MAINTENANCE COST. 24

2.5       FORMS OF MAINTENANCE CONTRACTS. 25

2.6       RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DESIGN AND BUILDING MAINTENANCE. 28

2.7       RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MAINTENANCE. 30

CHAPTER THREE: BUILDING MAINTENANCE COST’S FACTORS. 31

3.1       ENGINEERING SERVICES. 31

3.1.1        Design Complexity. 31

3.1.2        Faulty Design. 32

3.1.3        Low Concern to Future Maintenance. 32

3.1.4        Life Cycle Cost Techniques (LCC) 33

3.1.5        Poor Quality Control 34

3.1.6        Unfamiliarity with Maintenance Methods. 34

3.1.7        Unfamiliarity with Local Conditions. 35

3.1.8        Unfamiliarity with Site Conditions. 35

3.1.9        Failure to Identify the True Cause of Defect 35

3.2       LABORS. 36

3.2.1        Unavailability of Skilled Labors. 36

3.2.2        Defects and faulty workmanship in the initial construction. 36

3.2.3        Unfamiliarity of the Foreign Labors to Culture. 36

3.2.4        Uneducated Labors. 37

3.3       BUILDING MATERIALS. 38

3.3.1        Materials Selection Does Not Comply with Client’s Activities. 38

3.3.2        Ignorance about the Basic Physical and Chemical Properties of Materials                                38

3.3.3        Usage of Cheaper/ Sub- Standard Materials. 39

3.3.4        Usage of New Materials with little behavior’s information. 39

3.3.5        Fluctuation of Materials Prices. 39

3.4       ENVIRONMENTS. 40

3.4.1        Hard Climate Condition. 40

3.4.2        Unqualified Maintenance Contractors. 40

3.4.3        Unavailability of Maintenance Contractors. 40

3.4.4        Lack of Local Productivity Standard and Specification. 41

3.4.5        Aging of the Building. 42

3.5       MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION.. 42

3.5.1        Poor Management of Maintenance Group. 42

3.5.2        Lack of Building Maintenance Manuals. 42

3.5.3        Lack of Communications between Maintenance Contractors and Clients                                43

3.5.4        Not Using Building after Completion. 43

3.6       BUDGET AND FINANCE. 44

3.6.1        Poor Financial Support for Maintenance Work. 44

3.6.2        Poor Financial Control on Site. 44

3.7       BUILDING USERS BEHAVIORS. 45

3.7.1        User Does Not Understand Importance of Maintenance Work. 45

3.7.2        Misuse of Building after Completion of the Construction. 45

3.7.3        Not Using Preventive Maintenance. 45

3.7.4        Wrong Behaviors of Occupants. 46

3.7.5        The Tendency to Execute Work Only When It Becomes As Matter of Urgency    46

CHAPTER FOUR: BUILDING MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT.. 47

4.1       INTRODUCTION.. 47

4.2       BUILDING MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT. 48

4.2.1        Corrective maintenance. 48

4.2.2        Preventive maintenance. 49

4.2.3        Condition-based maintenance. 51

4.3       A NEW APPROACH TO MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT. 52

4.4       THE MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT DECISION DIAGRAM... 53

4.4.1        Significant items. 54

4.4.2        Utility significant item.. 55

4.4.3        Non-significant items. 56

4.5       SELECTION OF BUILDING MAINTENANCE STRATEGY.. 56

4.5.1        Corrective maintenance. 56

4.5.2        Preventive maintenance. 57

4.5.3        Condition-based maintenance. 57

4.6       SUMMARY.. 60

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION.. 61

REFERENCES.....


LIST OF FIGURES

 

 

Figure

 

1          BUILDING MAINTENANCE DECISION DIAGRAM ……..…………

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

 

1.1     BACKGROUND

 

Building maintenance is a major activity in most countries. Any reduction in resources applied to building maintenance will have a visible effect on the economy. A few years ago, the rapid growth of housing construction clearly appears as a part of the country development. The number of modern houses increases and more houses are being constructed. As a result, more maintenance work is required in order to cope with this type of construction. Due to the growth of housing with the lack of building Standards, more maintenance, rehabilitation, and renovation work have become necessary to ensure the serviceability and safety of the constructed houses. In addition, the existing houses need to be sustained as long as possible. Therefore, ways must be found to reduce the maintenance cost works due to ageing of the buildings while keeping the same quality. Building maintenance is a seriously neglected area of research and study. Few schools of architecture or building include it in their curriculum and only recently has work commenced on the research and development in this subject. Few building owners regard planned maintenance as a matter for serious concern, and yet cannot afford to allow buildings, old or new, to decay through neglect. As it is clearly impractical and even undesirable to replace building, whether as owners, designers, constructors, or users should take a serious interest in this vast problem of building maintenance.

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APA

Frontiers, E. & AL-KHATAM, J (2022). Buildings Maintenance Cost. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/buildings-maintenance-cost

MLA 8th

Frontiers, Edu, and JALAL AL-KHATAM "Buildings Maintenance Cost" Afribary. Afribary, 07 Jan. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/buildings-maintenance-cost. Accessed 24 Jan. 2022.

MLA7

Frontiers, Edu, and JALAL AL-KHATAM . "Buildings Maintenance Cost". Afribary, Afribary, 07 Jan. 2022. Web. 24 Jan. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/buildings-maintenance-cost >.

Chicago

Frontiers, Edu and AL-KHATAM, JALAL . "Buildings Maintenance Cost" Afribary (2022). Accessed January 24, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/buildings-maintenance-cost