Challenges Facing the Independent Media in Kenya a Case study of the Kenya Television Network

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Declaration ........................................................................................................................... .i

Approval. ............................................................................................................................ .ii

Dedication .......................................................................................................................... .iii

Acknowledgement. ............................................................................................................ .iv

Table of contents .................................................................................................................. v

Abbreviations and Acronyms ............................................................................................. vi

List of figures ..................................................................................................................... vii

Abstract ............................................................................................................................. viii

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background ofthe study ........................................................................................... 1

1.2 Theoretical Framework ............................................................................................ 1

1.3 Statement of the problem ......................................................................................... 2

1.4 Study Objectives ...................................................................................................... 3

1.4.1 General/Broad Objective .......................................................................................... 3

1.4.2 Specific Objective .................................................................................................... 3

1.5 Research Hypothesis ................................................................................................ 5

1.6 Scope ofthe Study ................................................................................................... 5

1.7 Significance ofthe Study ......................................................................................... 6

CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................. 8

2.2 Some History of The Independent Media in Kenya ................................................ 8

2.3 Challenges ofthe Independent in Africa_ Kenya .................................................... 9

2.4 The Media, politics and Democracy ........................................................................ 9

2.5 Challenges in the 21st Century ................................................................................ 10

2.6 Definition ofTerms ................................................................................................ 10

CHAPTER THREE METHODOLOGY

3.1 Research Design ...................................................................................................... 12

3.2 Areaofstudy ........................................................................................................... 12

3.3 Population of Study ................................................................................................ 12

3.4 Why Select This Population ................................................................................... 13

3.5 Population Sample .................................................................................................. 13

3.6 Data Collection ....................................................................................................... 13

3. 7 Instruments of Data Research ................................................................................. 14

3. 7.1 Structured Questionnaires ..................................................................................... 14

3.7.2 Interviews .............................................................................................................. 14

3.7.3 Focus Group Discussions ...................................................................................... 14

ii

3.7.4 Tape recorder ......................................................................................................... l4

3.8 Data Analysis ......................................................................................................... 14

3.9 Limitation to The Study .......................................................................................... l4

Work Schedule ................................................................................................................... 16

Budget ................................................................................................................................ 16

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................ 17

4.1 Findings from Questionnaires ................................................................................ l7

4.1.1 Table showing the major challenges facing the independent media in Kenya ..... 17

4.1.2 Table showing the general opinion on the relationship between the government,

media,other stakeholders .................................................................................................. 17

4.1.3 Table showing the response to other challenges facing the independent media in

Kenya ................................................................................................................................ 18.

4.1.4 Table showing the tools that are used by the government to control the media .... 18

4.1.5 Table showing the economic challenges facing the independent media ............... 19

4.1.6 Table showing the impacts of the challenges facing the independent media ....... 19

4.1.7 Table showing the tastes and preferences on the public, private and international

media .................................................................................................................................. 20

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0 Introduction .................................................................................... 21

5.1 Conclusions ................................................................................... 21

5.2 Suggestions and recommendations .......................................................... 22

ABSTRACT This study aims at identifying the challenges facing the independent media in Kenya. The study area was Nairobi Province which is Kenya's principal, economic, administrative and cultural centre and one of the largest and fastest growing cities in the world. This population has been chosen purposely and specifically because of a relatively high levels of literacy, social status employment of the group of Kenya's elite which implies the existence of wages, salaries and consequently the highest broadcast and circulation number of each day's edition. This is because the population has the capability of owning television sets and has access to different challenges. Chapter one will intend to introduce the problem on the "challenges of the independent media in Kenya", to give objectives and the hypothesis of the study. This chapter will also indicate the significance of the study; this means that it indicates the aim· and the target ofthis study. Chapter two will intend to show the literature review, how other people have written about the problem. The same chapter will also try to make a comparison of the views and opinions from different writers who have been writing and discussing about the problem of the challenges facing the independent media. Chapter three will intend to introduce the research methodology; this means that it will give out t the methods and tolls which were used in the study. Chapter four, attempts to summarize the main findings of the study. It will also analyze them scientifically in order to get good meaning. Possible solutions, conclusions and recommendation will appear on chapter five of this.

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APA

JERUTO, N (2022). Challenges Facing the Independent Media in Kenya a Case study of the Kenya Television Network. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/challenges-facing-the-independent-media-in-kenya-a-case-study-of-the-kenya-television-network

MLA 8th

JERUTO, NGETICH "Challenges Facing the Independent Media in Kenya a Case study of the Kenya Television Network" Afribary. Afribary, 22 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/challenges-facing-the-independent-media-in-kenya-a-case-study-of-the-kenya-television-network. Accessed 07 Oct. 2022.

MLA7

JERUTO, NGETICH . "Challenges Facing the Independent Media in Kenya a Case study of the Kenya Television Network". Afribary, Afribary, 22 Aug. 2022. Web. 07 Oct. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/challenges-facing-the-independent-media-in-kenya-a-case-study-of-the-kenya-television-network >.

Chicago

JERUTO, NGETICH . "Challenges Facing the Independent Media in Kenya a Case study of the Kenya Television Network" Afribary (2022). Accessed October 07, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/challenges-facing-the-independent-media-in-kenya-a-case-study-of-the-kenya-television-network