Community Participation and Road Projects in Bosaso, Somalia

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ABSTRACT 

The study was set to assess the effect of community participation on the road projects constructions in Bosaso Somalia. The study problem was based on the poor roads network on the road projects in Bosaso. The study objectives included to establish the effect of community self mobilization on road projects, examine the effect of community monitoring and evaluation on road projects and to determine the effect community decision making on road projects in Bosaso, Somalia. the study used cross-sectional design based on both Qualitative and quantitative methods will be used because of the fact that a lot of information. The study population who were employees from Bosaso district, who constituted the sample of 142. The findings were attained through the questionnaire and interview guide who provided both quantitative and qualitative data. The findings were that community self mobilization had a higher bearing on the road projects operations in Bosaso district. The findings on objective two were that monitoring and evaluation by the community affected the road projects by 12% implying that other factors play much in affecting the monitoring and evaluation. On the third objective community decision making had a 44.7% effect on road projects in Bosaso district. The study conclude that community self mobilization had a higher bearing on the road projects. On the second research objective the researcher conclude that the state of community monitoring and evaluation was poor and didn’t explain the road projects on the third objective was found prevailing providing that community involved themselves in decision making hence the success of the road projects. The study recommend for improving community self mobilization through local leadership sensitizing the community on the relevance of the road projects that will let the community self mobilize. There is need to concentrated and handle issues of land for the projects knee to ensure that those affected by the road projects.



TABLE OF CONTENTS

DECLARATION

APPROVAL

DEDICATION

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS iv

LIST OF ACRONYMS v

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABSTRACT ix

CHAPTER ONE 1

INTRODUCTION 1

1.0 Introduction 1

1.1 Background of the study 1

1.1.1 Historical perspective 1

1.1.2 Theoretical Perspective 3

1.1.3 Conceptual perspective 3

1.1.4 Contextual perspective 4

1.2 Statement of the Problem 5

1.3 Purpose of the Study 6

1.4 Objectives of the study 6

1.5 Research Questions 6

1.6 Scope of the study 7

l.6.lContent scope 7

1.6.2 Geographical scope 7

1.6.3 Time scope 7

1.7 Research hypothesis 7

1.8 Significance of the Study 7

1.9 Operational Definition of key terms 8

CHAPTER TWO 9

LITREATURE REVIEW 9

2.0 Introduction 9

2.1.1 Theoretical Review 9

2.2 Conceptual framework 10

2.3.0 Review of related literature 11

2.3.1 Effect of community self mobilization on roads projects 1 1

2.3.2 Effect of monitoring and evaluation on road construction projects 14

2.3.3 Effect of community decision making on road projects 16

2.4 Relationship between community participation and roads projects 19

2.5 Related studies 20

2.6 Research Gaps 22

CHAPTER THREE 23

METHODOLOGY 23

3.1 Introduction 23

3.2 Research Design 23

3.3 Population of Study 23

3.4 Sample Selection and Size 23

3.4.2 Sampling Procedure 24

3.5 Sources of Data 24

3.5.1 Primary data 24

3.5.2 Secondary data 24

3.6 Data Collection 24

3.6.1 Data Collection instruments 24

3.6.1 Questionnaire 24

3.6.2 Interviews 25

3.7 Validity and Reliability of the Instruments 25

3.7.1 Validity 25

3.7.2 Reliability 26

3.8 Research Procedure 26

3.9 Ethical considerations 26

3.10 Data Analysis 27

CHAPTER FOUR .28

DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION 28

4.0 Introduction 28

4.1.1 Response Rate 28

4.1 Demographic traits of respondents 29

4.2 Effect of community self mobilization on road projects in Bosaso, Somalia 30

4.2.1 Community self mobilization in road projects in Bosaso, Somalia 31

4.2.2 Road projects in Bosaso Somalia 32

4.2.2 Shows responses on the road Projects in Bosaso Somalia 33

4.2.3 Regression (Effect of community self mobilization on road projects in Bosaso, Somalia).35

4.3 Effect of community monitoring and evaluation on road projects in Bosaso, Somalia 36

4.3.1 Community monitoring and evaluation of road projects in Bosaso, Somalia 37

4.3.2 Effect of community monitoring and evaluation on road projects in Bosaso, Somalia 39

4.4 .1 Effect of community decision making on road projects in Bosaso, Somalia.Z 40

4.4.2 Effect of community decision making on road projects in Bosaso, Somalia 42

CHAPTER FIVE 44

DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION 44

5.0 Introduction 44

5.1 Discussion of findings 44

5.2 Conclusion 46

5.3 Recommendations 46

REFERENCES 48

APPENDICES 51

APPENDIX 1: QUESTIONNAIRE TO RESPONDENTS 51

Appendix ii: Interview Guide 54

Appendix iii: Map showing location of Bosaso 55

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APA

Consults, E. & JAMA, B (2022). Community Participation and Road Projects in Bosaso, Somalia. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/community-participation-and-road-projects-in-bosaso-somalia

MLA 8th

Consults, Education, and BASMA JAMA "Community Participation and Road Projects in Bosaso, Somalia" Afribary. Afribary, 12 Nov. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/community-participation-and-road-projects-in-bosaso-somalia. Accessed 06 Dec. 2022.

MLA7

Consults, Education, and BASMA JAMA . "Community Participation and Road Projects in Bosaso, Somalia". Afribary, Afribary, 12 Nov. 2022. Web. 06 Dec. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/community-participation-and-road-projects-in-bosaso-somalia >.

Chicago

Consults, Education and JAMA, BASMA . "Community Participation and Road Projects in Bosaso, Somalia" Afribary (2022). Accessed December 06, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/community-participation-and-road-projects-in-bosaso-somalia