Community Participation In Sustainable Solid Waste Management In High Density Suburbs.The Case Of Mbare, Harare, Zimbabwe.

SSA Research ZAMBA BOTHWELL FARIRAI 95 PAGES (25755 WORDS) Dissertation
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Abstract

Solid waste management has become one of the contemporary issues of the 21St Century at local,

national, regional and global scale. Studies on community participation in developing countries

have been done but up to date gaps exist in the documentation of the real community based

projects in solid waste management, challenges affecting full community participation as well as

suggested solutions. The impacts of the suggested solutions are only superficially dealt with.

This study examined the roles and effectiveness of communities in solid waste management in

high density residential areas so as to come up with sustainable solid waste management options

with respect to Nenyere area in Mbare, Harare. The study area was purposively selected by the

researcher to assess the roles and effectiveness of the community health clubs and waste

recycling cooperatives in the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene programmes (WASH) and the

Urban Environment Programmes meant to empower the communities to embark in solid waste

management activities in their neighbourhoods. The area was also selected by virtue of its ever

growing population and unsustainable waste handling and disposal practices which are likely to

make it vulnerable to disease outbreaks. To achieve this, semi structured interviews and 100

questionnaires from systematically selected residents were used to obtain information on the

various solid waste management activities done at community level from residents and key

informants from various organisations that deal with solid waste management issues

respectively. Photos, observations and focus group discussions assisted the researcher to unearth

the evidence on the ground. Information obtained include socio-demographic data, types and

quantities of solid waste generated weekly at household level, activities undertaken by the

communities in solid waste management, supporting organisations, challenges encountered,

environmentally sound solid waste management strategies as well as legislation and institutional

aspects. Research findings revealed that organic waste dominated the solid waste stream and

accounted for over 50% of the solid waste generated at household level. Quantity of waste

generated was positively correlated to household size. Composting, clean-up campaigns, waste

sorting, recycling and education awareness are the main activities undertaken with support from

different organisations. Minimum awareness on legislation and institutional aspects negatively

affect the community’s compliance to legal obligations. In light of these findings, the researcher

recommends that full technical and financial support must be offered to community health clubs

and recycling cooperatives by the private sector, non-governmental organisations and local

authority. Environmentally sustainable solid waste management practices guided by the

principles of the integrated approach and invigorated by environmental education must be fully

adopted.

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APA

SSA, R (2021). Community Participation In Sustainable Solid Waste Management In High Density Suburbs.The Case Of Mbare, Harare, Zimbabwe.. Afribary.com: Retrieved May 13, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/community-participation-in-sustainable-solid-waste-management-in-high-density-suburbs-the-case-of-mbare-harare-zimbabwe

MLA 8th

Research, SSA. "Community Participation In Sustainable Solid Waste Management In High Density Suburbs.The Case Of Mbare, Harare, Zimbabwe." Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 04 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/community-participation-in-sustainable-solid-waste-management-in-high-density-suburbs-the-case-of-mbare-harare-zimbabwe . Accessed 13 May. 2021.

MLA7

Research, SSA. "Community Participation In Sustainable Solid Waste Management In High Density Suburbs.The Case Of Mbare, Harare, Zimbabwe.". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 04 May. 2021. Web. 13 May. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/community-participation-in-sustainable-solid-waste-management-in-high-density-suburbs-the-case-of-mbare-harare-zimbabwe >.

Chicago

Research, SSA. "Community Participation In Sustainable Solid Waste Management In High Density Suburbs.The Case Of Mbare, Harare, Zimbabwe." Afribary.com (2021). Accessed May 13, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/community-participation-in-sustainable-solid-waste-management-in-high-density-suburbs-the-case-of-mbare-harare-zimbabwe