Research Papers/Topics in Environment and Resource Studies

Analysis of Rainfall and Temperature Variations and Its Implication On Climate Change in Enugu State, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT Climate change and variability is a global issue that needs to be given proper attention because of its impacts on agriculture and socio-economic activities. Annual rainfall and temperature data for four decades (1971-2016) for Enugu state were obtained from Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET), Enugu, and analyzed in order to establish climate variability in the area. The aim of this research is to analyse the rainfall and temperature variations and its implication on climate cha...

Assessment of The Effects of Land Use/Land Cover Change On Soil Quality in Parts of Katsina State Using Geospatial Technologies

ABSTRACT This study assessed the effects of Land use/Land cover change on soil quality in the semi arid area of northern Katsina state. This study employed an integrative methodology that comprised of five major components (i) digital image processing of Landsat Thematic Mapper image covering the study area for 1 986, Enhanced Thematic MapperETM for 1 996 and Enhanced Thematic Mapper PlusETM+ for 201 1 in IL WIS 3 .3 Academic software environment (ii) post classification comparison change de...

An Assessment Of The Effects Of Land Use On Soil Properties In Dobi, Gwagwalada Area Council, Abuja

ABSTRACT  This repossessed the effects of land use on soil properties in Dobi, Gwc;zgyv Council, Abuja. Land-use systems considered were cultivated lands (0 Sesamefield, Sorghum field, Soya bean field, and Yamfield) and an F Gil samples were taken randomly in each I and use plot at two pre-c/eu e-r ofO-18cm (topsoil) and 18-36cm (subsoil_),- five topsoils and five subS-or soil analysis of chemical properties such as soil pH, amount- C!Jon, Total nitrogen, available Phosphorus_. Cation Ex...

An Assessment of Students Perception On the Equality of Hostel Facilities in Public Universities in Nigeria.

ABSTRACT The Student has been a major area of concern with an increasing student population of increasing interest in the higher institutions of learning over the study focuses on the assessment of students' perception of hostel facilities in Universities, Kogi State University and the University of Ahuja as study area/ate University, Ayingba is located on longitude 7° 15 '_7° 29' and Longitude J 32', while university of Abuja, Gw cs g'vv cz i crci«: is located on Longitude 7° 45' and La...

The Impacts of Poor Solid Waste Management Practices on Ala River Water Quality in Akure, Nigeria

ABSTRACT: The present study assessed solid waste management practices and impact on Ala River water quality in Akure, Ondo state, Nigeria. The primary data were obtained through field observation, interviews and questionnaire while secondary data were obtained from desk review of use of journals, articles, seminar papers, internet sources, government official publications. Simple random sampling technique was used to obtain required information for the study. Results showed that 37.8% of the ...

Comprehensive Logical Framework of Project on Capacity Building for Youth on Waste Management

Comprehensive Logical framework of project on Capacity Building for youth on waste management 

Assessment Of Small-Scale Water Harvesting And Saving Technologies And Their Application In Mitaboni Location, Machakos County

Water scarcity remains a major development challenge in Kenya and particularly in the Arid and Semi-Arid lands (ASALs) like the Machakos County. Existence of few dams like Muooni dam, near the Kathiani market, has failed to deliver sustainable supply of water to the Mitaboni residents. Despite the emergence of small-scale water harvesting technologies, 54% of the households in Mitaboni still take more than one hour to carry water to their homes. This study sought to assess the existing ...

The Role Of Environmental Conservation On Survival Of Indigenous Medicinal Knowledge In Meru County, Kenya

Human activites have shaped the world over the years. Survival instincts prompted early man to explore his immediate natural surroundings and try many plants, animal products and minerals to develop a variety of therapeutical agents. W.H.O currently encourages, recommends and promotes research and inclusion of herbal drugs into national health care programmes. Indiscriminate destruction of forests and wood lands has led to reducing biodiversity that is increasingly causing disappearance...

Determination Of Neonicotinoid Residues In Hive Products From Kiambu And Nairobi Counties, Kenya

Information on pesticide residue occurrence in hive products is scanty or lacking yet it is important so as to safeguard human health from effects of pesticides. The aim of the study was to identify and quantify neonicotinoid residues in hive products. The study was undertaken for 6 months between (March-August, 2015) at Kiambu and Nairobi Counties. The objectives of the study were to find out the pesticides used in the cultivation of crops, the frequency of use and the concentration of...

Climate Change Effects On Food Security And Coping Strategies By Women Groups In Gikindu Division, Kiharu Sub County, Murang’a County, Kenya

The study sought to find out the climate change effects on food security, and the community coping strategies in Gikindu Division in Murang’a County. The study was in response to the profound climate change effects over the years leading to depressed rainfall and increased temperatures exposing the farmers to the risk of diminished returns from the production activities. Gikindu area sits on a low agro-ecological zone five and six which is prone to persistent crop failure attributed t...

Risk Of Agrochemicals On The Environment And Human Health- In Mukaro Location, Nyeri County, Kenya

Agriculture sector in Kenya has remained pivotal to the national economy with a direct relationship between its performance and overall national economic growth. Agricultural production is nonetheless constrained by various diseases, insect pests, and low soil fertility thus necessitating mitigation by use of agrochemicals which are, however, potentially harmful to man and the environment.  The broad objective of this research was to assess the human and environmental health risks ...

Assessment Of Genetic Diversity Of Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor) Accessions From Tanzania Using Ssr Markers: Implications For Conservation

Plant genetic resources are a key component of global biodiversity from which humanity derives most of its food and other essential goods and services. An understanding of the  extent, distribution, and patterns of genetic variation is useful for several purposes, including selection for conservation, estimation of any possible loss of genetic diversity prior to conservation programs, understanding the genetic variability available and its potential use in breeding programs, and es...

Wind Resource Potential For Electricity Generation Using Micro - Hybrid Systems In Northern Kenya

ABSTRACT Currently the world is embracing renewable energy not only to enhance energy capacity but also to mitigate problems associated with green house gas emissions. North eastern Kenya region lagged behind others parts of the republic in social economic indices. This may be attributed to the fast distance between the region and the electricity generation areas. Therefore northern Kenya is not connected to national electricity grid. Renewable energy from the wind can be used to supply...

Effects Of Selected Limiting Nutrients On Growth And Yield Of Maize And Their Variability In Smallholder Farms Of Kandara, Murang’a County

ABSTRACT Nutrient mining and mismanagement of farmers’ fields has led to a decline in soil fertility in smallholder farms. In order to increase the productivity and subsequently improve food security in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), there is a need to identify soil nutrients limiting maize growth and production. The objectives of the study were; (i) to determine the most limiting nutrients for maize production in Kandara and establish the effect of selected soil amendments (CaMgS, man...

Crop Germinative Emergence Of Maize (Zea Mays) And Finger Millet (Eleusine Coracana) As Affected By Plastic Waste Material

ABSTRACT Plastic waste material continues to present environmental challenges throughout the world. Of greatest concern is their disposal in agricultural soils where they interfere with soil fertility due to its inability to decompose fast. Specifically, the research examined under experimental conditions the crop germinative emergence of (Zea mays L.) and finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn) as affected by plastic waste material commonly disposed in urban and rural environ...


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