Background: Healthcare cost of treatment for respiratory diseases is an increasing burden
on the economies of all countries. Outdoor air pollutants including particulate matter,
heavy metals, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, fumes containing toxic organic
substances have been associated with short-term adverse effects on lung function in
healthy adults, children or patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or
asthma. Agbogbloshie is a vibrant informal settlement with a considerable overlap
between industrial, commercial and residential zones.
Objective: The aim of the study was to conduct a comparative analysis of
cardiorespiratory function among bankers and mobile food vendors at Agbogbloshie, an ewaste recycling site.
Method: An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted at Agbogbloshie among 50
bankers and 50 mobile food vendors. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data
on socio-demographic characteristics and respiratory symptoms. Sphygmomanometer,
pulse oximeter and spirometer were used to take measurements of cardiorespiratory
function indices; blood pressure, blood oxygen saturation level, pulse rate and lung
function. Statistical analysis was done using STATA software version 15 (College Station,
Texas). Descriptive statistics including frequency and percentages were done to
summarize categorical variables. Chi-square analysis was used to assess the prevalence of
respiratory symptoms among the workers and student t-test was used to compare
cardiorespiratory functions between bankers and mobile food vendors. Multi-variate linear
regression was done to examine the relationship between cardio-respiratory measures, age,
sex, alcohol consumption and work-related factors.
Results: The most common self-reported cardiorespiratory symptoms among bankers and
mobile food vendors were cold (92% vs. 66%; p=0.001), sneezing (86% vs. 78%;
p=0.298) and easy tiredness (74% vs. 78%; p=0.640) respectively. Lung function indices
of mobile food vendors vs. bankers were as follows; FVC (3.07±1.29vs 3.35±1.02); FEVI
(70.2±19.1 vs2.68±2.66); FVC/FEVI (71.7±18.6 vs. 75.6±16.9). There were no significant
differences in lung function indices among mobile female food vendors and bankers at
Conclusion: This study showed a significant difference in both systolic and diastolic
blood pressure among study participants
CDR, C (2021). Comparative Analysis Of Cardiorespiratory Function Among Bankers And Mobile Food Vendors At Agbogbloshie An Ewaste Recycling Plant Site In Accra, Ghana. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 14, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/comparative-analysis-of-cardiorespiratory-function-among-bankers-and-mobile-food-vendors-at-agbogbloshie-an-ewaste-recycling-plant-site-in-accra-ghana
Coalition, CDR. "Comparative Analysis Of Cardiorespiratory Function Among Bankers And Mobile Food Vendors At Agbogbloshie An Ewaste Recycling Plant Site In Accra, Ghana" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 06 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/comparative-analysis-of-cardiorespiratory-function-among-bankers-and-mobile-food-vendors-at-agbogbloshie-an-ewaste-recycling-plant-site-in-accra-ghana . Accessed 14 Apr. 2021.
Coalition, CDR. "Comparative Analysis Of Cardiorespiratory Function Among Bankers And Mobile Food Vendors At Agbogbloshie An Ewaste Recycling Plant Site In Accra, Ghana". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 06 Apr. 2021. Web. 14 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/comparative-analysis-of-cardiorespiratory-function-among-bankers-and-mobile-food-vendors-at-agbogbloshie-an-ewaste-recycling-plant-site-in-accra-ghana >.
Coalition, CDR. "Comparative Analysis Of Cardiorespiratory Function Among Bankers And Mobile Food Vendors At Agbogbloshie An Ewaste Recycling Plant Site In Accra, Ghana" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 14, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/comparative-analysis-of-cardiorespiratory-function-among-bankers-and-mobile-food-vendors-at-agbogbloshie-an-ewaste-recycling-plant-site-in-accra-ghana