Research Papers/Topics in Occupational Hygiene

Knowledge On Occupational Hazards And Occupational Health Practices Among Cement Workers At Dangote Cement Ghana Limited

Introduction: The use of cement in Ghana was increased steadily over the years due to the increase in construction activities. Much of the cement used for construction is being produced in the country, presenting a lot of concerns for the health of cement workers in the country. Dangote group is the first foreign entrant into the Ghanaian cement market, coming in, to compete with the existing two Ghanaian indigenous cement industries, Ghana Cement (GHACEM) and We...

Ergonomic Risk Factors And Work-Related I\1usculoskelet Al Disorders Among Workers In The Cement Block Manufacturing Companies In Tema

ABSTRACTBackground: Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WRMSDs) has for quite along time continued to be the world's leading health crisis among the workingpopUlation. The prevalence or the disease burden among workers in the cement -blockmanufacturing companies in Ghana is not known. A study to determine the prevalenceand the associated ergonomic risk factors of WRMDs among such working group isworth pursuing.Objective: The study was to assess the ergonomic risk factors; mainly on awkwar...

The Effect Of Occupational Noise Levels On Hearing Among Cement Factory Workers In Tema

ABSTRACTNoise pollution is a global occupational health issue affecting the well-being of workers who are exposed to it. A common detrimental effect of work place noise exposure over time is noise induced hearing loss. Noise induced hearing loss is completely preventable, especially when safety measures are taken, however it becomes irreversible once acquired. The main aim of the study was to determine the effect of occupational noise levels on hearing among cement factory workers. A cross-se...

Occupational Exposure To Needle Stick Injuries Among Health Care Workers At The Tamale Teaching Hospital

ABSTRACT Background: Needle stick and sharp injuries (NSSIs) or needle stick injuries (NSI) have been recognized as one of the most serious occupational health hazards among health care workers (HCWs) with a potentially high risk of transmitting blood borne pathogens. Such pathogens include hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The incidence of NSIs is highest in low income countries ostensibly due to lack of strict adherence to t...

Cardio-Respiratory Function Among Female Mobile Food Vendors At Agbogbloshie – A Comparative Analysis With Electronic Waste Workers

ABSTRACT Background: E-waste contains refined mixtures of plastics and chemicals, which can be unsafe for people and the environment when not handled carefully. In developing nations like Ghana where e-waste is ripped to shreds and recycled by bare hands, dangerous substances and plastics are emitted into the atmosphere through air, water, and soil. Workers around e-waste sites and those dismantling and sweltering the electronic waste to salvage valuable metals and other constituents ar...

Analysis of Heavy Metal Concentrations in Smoked Fish From The Major Food Markets in The Accra-TEMA Metropolis

ABSTRACT Introduction: Heavy metals contaminate soils, water bodies, and also the ambient environment. Fish could be contaminated by heavy metals through pollution of water bodies, as a result of industrial discharge, agricultural run-offs, mining activities, and weathering of rocks. Many of the food markets in Ghana are open markets where foodstuffs are usually displayed in the open, often exposed to the environment. Processed fish, especially smoked fish is a major source of protein a...

Effect Of E-Waste On Cognitive Functions Of JHS 1 Pupils In Schools Around E-Waste Site At Agbogloshie

ABSTRACT Background: Disposal of electronic waste is an emerging global environmental and public health problem. The recycling of electronic waste by open burning releases a complex mixture of toxicants containing oxides of inorganic particles of metals which disperse into the environment to affect the health of pupils attending schools located around Agbogbloshie e-waste site. Hazardous inorganic metals such as Lead (Pb), Manganese (Mn), Cadmium (Cd), Chromium (Cr) and Nickel (Ni...

Prevalence And Predictors Of Hepatitis B Among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care In Wa Municipality

ABSTRACTBackground: Hepatitis B is the inflammation of the liver caused by the Hepatitis B virus. The risk of maternal transmission of Hepatitis B infection in pregnancy and a peri-natal period is dependent on maternal Hepatitis B envelop antigen (HbeAg).A positive HbeAg mother has between 70-90% chances of transmitting the virus to the unborn child. This study sought to determine the prevalence of and predictors of Hepatitis B among pregnant women in the Wa municipality. The study also asses...

Shift Work, Work-Related Stress, And Hypertension Among Healthcare Workers At The 37 Military Hospital, Accra Ghana

ABSTRACT Background of study: Hypertension is well documented as one of the major cause of morbidity and mortality in the developed world, the significance of hypertension in low-income countries is less well established. In Ghana, however, very little is being done about the disease and its associated risk factors, particularly among healthcare workers. There are several reports of hypertension and other chronic diseases among health care workers in medical facilities in Ghana. However...

Assessment Of Knowledge And Use Of Personal Protective Equipment On Site Among Building Construction Workers

ABSTRACT Background: Recent improvements in safety performance have taken place as a result of combination of efforts of engineers, owners, contractors, subcontractors, and designers. Data from the (OSHA), shows that about two-thirds of workers, on average, constantly wear the correct (PPE) while the other third are at risk of injuries. Objective: The main aim of this study was to assess workers‟ knowledge level and use of on-site preventive equipment usage. Methods: A questionnaire ...

Medication Non-Adherence Among Hypertensive Ghanaian Un Peacekeepers

ABSTRACTMedical fitness of troops participating in UN peacekeeping mission is of paramount importance to commanders on the field for efficient and productive execution of set tasks. Disability resulting from complications of chronic illnesses, markedly reduces the number of active troops, which includes highly trained specialists, hence commanders fail to achieve targeted objectives. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hypertension among Ghanaian – UN peacekeepers ...

Assessment Of Musculoskeletal Disoders Among Heavy Equipment Operators At The Ghana Ports And Harbours Authority, Tema

ABSTRACTBackground Generally, heavy equipment operators such as forklifts drivers and cranes operators perform various tasks that expose them to many hazards which may lead to health problems. Whole body vibration, awkward postures, repetitive movement, are some of the hazards that heavy equipment operators are exposed to.Objective Investigations were therefore conducted to access Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among heavy equipment/ machine operators of the Ghana Ports and Harbours Authori...

Characterization Of Electronic waste At Agbogbeloshie Dumpsite- A Waste Stream Analysis

ABSTRACT Background: In Ghana, waste management authorities need to know the characteristics of waste. However, little or no research has been done on e-waste characterization thus, presenting a big challenge to any plans for design and implementation of recycling and management programs. Characterization of e-waste involves identifying and quantifying the types of waste, as well as the valuable and hazardous components, and understanding the nature of the waste. This study, theref...

Comparative Analysis Of Cardiorespiratory Function Among Bankers And Mobile Food Vendors At Agbogbloshie An Ewaste Recycling Plant Site In Accra, Ghana

ABSTRACT Background: Healthcare cost of treatment for respiratory diseases is an increasing burden on the economies of all countries. Outdoor air pollutants including particulate matter, heavy metals, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, fumes containing toxic organic substances have been associated with short-term adverse effects on lung function in healthy adults, children or patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or asthma. Agbogbloshie is a vibrant informal settlemen...

Level Of Adherence To Universal Precautions By Nurses At The 37 Military Hospital, Accra.

ABSTRACT Background In the process of delivering healthcare to patients, nurses in the quest to meet up with the pressures at work and to satisfy each patient tend to devise irregular approaches to work rather than adhering to the universal precautions. This predisposes them to occupational injuries and risks, such as needle stick injuries, leading to time and efficiency loss resulting in low productivity at the work place. Objectives The main objective of the study was to determine t...


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