Comparative Study Of The Growth And Yield Of Three Cultivated Pleurotus Species On Selected Tropical Trees Sawdusts

ABSTRACT

The quest to boost dietary protein production from readily available and affordable sources is

ever increasing in developing countries. The indigenous edible Pleurotus species (oyster

mushrooms), which grow naturally on wood wastes, are potential protein supplements. However,

little information is available on the usage of selected tropical trees for optimum mushroom

cultivation. Therefore, this research was designed to investigate the growth and yield of oyster

mushrooms on sawdust of selected tropical trees.

Mature stems of Mangifera indica L. (PTBG0000039360), Senna siamea Lam.

(BISH0000032830) and Azadirachta indica A. Juss (BISH0000015188) were harvested and

identity authenticated at the National Horticultural Research Institute (NIHORT), Ibadan. The

samples were air-dried, separately milled into sawdust, composted and used as three substrates.

The fourth substrate was the mixed bed derived from the mixtures of the three substrates in ratio

1:1:1 by weight. Three mushroom species (Pleurotus ostreatus, P. pulmonarius and P. tuberregium)

were collected from Mycology Unit, NIHORT. A total of 108 polyethylene substrate

bags (27 for each substrate) were filled with 300 g of the sawdust, each tightly packed, sterilised

and inoculated with 30 g each of mushroom spawn. Mycelial growth was determined using

standard method. Fruiting body production was obtained for the three mushrooms on all the

substrates and sclerotia weight recorded at different Weeks of Composting Intervals (WCI) of 4,

8 and 12. Biological and production efficiencies were determined using mathematical methods.

The experiment was a 4 x 3 x 3 factorial arrangement laid out in a complete randomised design

with three replicates each. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics and ANOVA at p

=0.05.

The longest and the shortest mycelial extensions (13.3 and 4.6 cm) were observed in P.

pulmonarius grown on A. indica at 4WCI and 8WCI respectively. At 12WCI, the highest Fruit

Weight (FW) of 86.8±1.2 g for P. pulmonarius was observed on S. siamea which was not

significantly different from P. ostreatus (84.9±1.2 g) on M. indica. The most significant

Biological Efficiencies (BE) of 82.7% and 80.9% for P. pulmonarius and P. ostreatus at 12WCI

respectively were observed on S. siamea and M. indica. At 12WCI, the Production Efficiency

(PE) was highest (42.8%) for P. ostreatus on M. indica and 41.1% for P. pulmonarius on S.

siamea. Also, the highest mean sclerotia weight of 42.1±0.9 g was obtained for P. tuber-regium

on M. indica at 12WCI. However, at 4WCI, the least FW (13.7±0.1 g) was in P. pulmonarius

cultivated on S. siamea while the least BE (13.0%) was observed for P. pulmonarius on S.

siamea. Also, the least PE value of 4.9% for P. pulmonarius was observed on S. siamea while

the least sclerotia weight of 9.0±0.6 g was obtained on mixed bed. The longer the decomposition

period of the substrate, the more significant was the yield.

The best substrate for the production of fruiting body of Pleurotus ostreatus and sclerotia of

Pleurotus tuber-regium was Mangifera indica while Senna siamea was most suitable for

Pleurotus pulmonarius.

Keywords: Biological and production efficiencies, Composting intervals, Oyster

mushrooms, Tropical trees sawdust

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APA

OTUNLA, C (2021). Comparative Study Of The Growth And Yield Of Three Cultivated Pleurotus Species On Selected Tropical Trees Sawdusts. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/comparative-study-of-the-growth-and-yield-of-three-cultivated-pleurotus-species-on-selected-tropical-trees-sawdusts-1

MLA 8th

OTUNLA, CALEB "Comparative Study Of The Growth And Yield Of Three Cultivated Pleurotus Species On Selected Tropical Trees Sawdusts" Afribary. Afribary, 11 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/comparative-study-of-the-growth-and-yield-of-three-cultivated-pleurotus-species-on-selected-tropical-trees-sawdusts-1. Accessed 26 May. 2024.

MLA7

OTUNLA, CALEB . "Comparative Study Of The Growth And Yield Of Three Cultivated Pleurotus Species On Selected Tropical Trees Sawdusts". Afribary, Afribary, 11 Apr. 2021. Web. 26 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/comparative-study-of-the-growth-and-yield-of-three-cultivated-pleurotus-species-on-selected-tropical-trees-sawdusts-1 >.

Chicago

OTUNLA, CALEB . "Comparative Study Of The Growth And Yield Of Three Cultivated Pleurotus Species On Selected Tropical Trees Sawdusts" Afribary (2021). Accessed May 26, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/comparative-study-of-the-growth-and-yield-of-three-cultivated-pleurotus-species-on-selected-tropical-trees-sawdusts-1

Document Details
CALEB ADEWALE OTUNLA Field: Botany Type: Thesis 106 PAGES (27873 WORDS) (pdf)