Competitive Strategies And Performance Of Insurance Companies In Kenya

ABSTRACT

Due to globalization and technological developments, global insurance industry is in upward trend.

However, insurance penetration is still low in Kenya. Limited studies have been conducted on

significant influence of competitive strategies on performance of insurance companies in Kenya.

The general objective of this study was to evaluate influence of competitive strategies on

performance of insurance firms in Kenya. The specific objectives were to determine the influence

of differentiation, cost leadership and market development on performance of insurance firms in

Kenya. The performance determinants were profitability measured by net profit and market share

evaluated by total annual gross premium. This study was guided by balanced scorecard model,

contingency theory, Ansoff growth matrix model and Porter’s generic competitive theory. This

study used descriptive research design. Target population was 55 registered firms as at 2017

provided by Insurance Regulatory Authority 2017 annual report. Stratified proportionate random

sampling was used in selecting the respondents and Yamane Formula in determining the number

of 110 target respondents. This study used structured questionnaire to collect primary data. The

questionnaire was tested for face validity through expert judgment by the supervisor. Further pretest

of questionnaire was done on 10 respondents where there views were incorporated. For

external and internal reliability, test-retest and Cronbach’s Alpha was applied respectively. This

study adopted Cronbach’s Alpha value of 0.78 as cut off. Both inferential and descriptive data

analysis was used then results were illustrated on tables. Pearson’s correlation and multiple

regression analyses were employed for inferential analysis. To establish the level of variation in

the dependent variable in relation to independent variables variation, this study used analysis of

variance. The study also utilized scientific package for social science seventeen as the analysis

tool. The study findings indicate that independent variables had a positive significant correlation

with the dependent variable. Differentiation had the highest correlation then cost leadership and

finally market development. The findings further established that 50.2% (R2 = .0502) of the change

in the firm’s performance was influenced by change in competitive strategies. This study thus

concluded that: differentiation, cost leadership and market development strategies had a positive

and significant influence on organizational performance of insurance companies in Kenya at 95%

confidence level. In addition, the study concluded that the regression model applied was suitable

at 95% confidence level with analysis of variance of F value of (P

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APA

AUSTINE, O (2021). Competitive Strategies And Performance Of Insurance Companies In Kenya. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/competitive-strategies-and-performance-of-insurance-companies-in-kenya

MLA 8th

AUSTINE, ODHIAMBO "Competitive Strategies And Performance Of Insurance Companies In Kenya" Afribary. Afribary, 01 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/competitive-strategies-and-performance-of-insurance-companies-in-kenya. Accessed 26 May. 2024.

MLA7

AUSTINE, ODHIAMBO . "Competitive Strategies And Performance Of Insurance Companies In Kenya". Afribary, Afribary, 01 Jun. 2021. Web. 26 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/competitive-strategies-and-performance-of-insurance-companies-in-kenya >.

Chicago

AUSTINE, ODHIAMBO . "Competitive Strategies And Performance Of Insurance Companies In Kenya" Afribary (2021). Accessed May 26, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/competitive-strategies-and-performance-of-insurance-companies-in-kenya